- Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
latd = 22.09|longd=82.15
leader_name= Amar Agrawal
population_as_of = 2001 | population_total = 330,291 | population_density = 322
alternate site=www.merabsp.comfootnotes = |
Bilaspur is located in the
Chhattisgarhregion in the Bilaspur District, India. It is the third-largest city in the state with a population of 16948,83 ( agglomeration330,291) (2001 census). The High Court of Chhattisgarh is located here. It is the headquarters of Bilaspur District and is located 111 km (69 mi) north of the state capitalof Raipur. Besides this it is also the headquarters of the South East Central Railwaywhich comprises the Bilaspur, Nagpurand Raipur divisions.
Bilaspur is situated on the banks of the
rainfedArpa River which originates from the high hills of the MaikalRange of central India. This dolomiterich region is surrounded by lush green forests in the north and the coal mines of Hasdeo valley in the east. Bilaspur is known for its aromatic Doobraj rice, handloom wovencolorful soft Kosa silk Saris, and more for its rich, varied and colorful culture.
Historical records like [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V08_239.gifImperial Gazetteer of India, Vol 8, 1908] note that the city is said to be named after a fisher-woman by name Bilasa in the 17th century, and for a long period it consisted only of a few fishermen's huts. In 1901, population of Bilaspur was 18,937 and was 8th largest town in Central Provinces of British India. In 1908, weaving of tasar silk and cotton clothes were recorded as major industries of Bilaspur.
The management of Bilspur district was undertaken by British Government in 1818, before this it was under harsh extortionist nature of marathaa rule for about 60 years. Bilaspur district was constiuted in 1861. Bilaspur municipality was constituted in 1867. Famines in Bilaspur district before 1908 were recorded by British administration in 1828-9, 1834-5, 1845-6, 1868-9 and 1899–1900. In 1868-9 and 1899–1900, the rains failed almost completely, accompanied with severe distress, migration and desertion of villages. After 1868-9 famine, there was prosperity for next 25 years; but in 1895 there was a very poor harvest, followed in 1896 by a complete failure of crops, and severe famine prevailed through the year 1897. In 1997, mortality rate was as high as dying of one in every group of six people. Famine of 1897 was followed by two favorable years; but in 1899
monsoonfailed completely and rice crop was wholly destroyed. Guru Ghasidas[http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20583/20583.txt] , (1756–1836) started a religious movement Satnamis (meaning the worshippers of Satnam) between 1820 and 1830 primarily around Sonakhan forests. This religious movement preached that god is not idols or not in idols but god is synonymous to truth. His community was a farmer community though in Hindu caste hierarchy they have been put in the rank of Chamar caste, or the leather-ware artisans. University at Bilaspur is named after him as Guru Ghasidas University.
Historically, Bilaspur was a part of Kalchuri dynasty of
Ratanpur. The city, however, came into prominence around 1741, the year of the Maratha Empireinvasion, when a Maratha official took up his abode there and began to build a fort which was never completed. The populace of Bilaspur suffered heavily during the famine of 1896–1897, during which the city experienced the highest death rate of the region.
The city was taken over by the
British East India Companyof Great Britainin the year 1854 when the then ruler of the region of the Mahratta kingdom died heirless.
The city now, is spread over about 30 km² (12 mi²). Over the years, Bilaspur has developed with wide roads, cafes, hotels, street lighting and some beautiful squares. However the last decade has seen large scale unregulated
urbanizationand residential and commercial expansion, over straining the water resources and generally defunct civic amenities due to its indifferent officials and politicians.
The downtown is called Gol
Bazaar(Circular Market). Gol Bazaar and Sadar Bazaar are buzzing and vibrant but overcrowded with slow moving traffic. In contrast there are some newly developed areas as well. Electricity is government regulated and frequent power cuts have become a routine especially during the summer months. The sewerageand drainagesystem is practically nonexistent, so much so, that like any other Indian town even the first shower of monsoonfloods many areas.
The climate is pleasant and mild in the winter (10 °C, 50 °F). There are medium rains in the monsoon season. The summers are very hot and dry (maximum temperature 45+ °C, 113 °F, maximum humidity 90%).
Bilaspur is located at coord|22.09|N|82.15|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/37/Bilaspur.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bilaspur] ] . It has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 ft).
As of 2001India census[GR|India] , Bilaspur had a population of 265,178. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Bilaspur has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 83% and female literacy of 69%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Places of interest in and around Bilaspur include:
* Giraudhpuri, A religious place for the Satnami, They are the follower of Satnam Panth.(for more details visit www.satnami.com)
*Sirpur and Malhar, which are of historical significance, as they were visited by
Xuanzang, the Chinese historian
*Tala, 20 km away, is famous for
*Pali with Lord Shiva temple
*Janjigir with incomplete
Kharodwith Lakshmaneswar temple
*Sheorinarayan with Lord Rama temple
*Singhpur cave with pre-historic paintings
*Bhoramdeb said to be mini
*Rajim famous for Lord Rajiv Lochan
Ratanpurfor its Mahamaya temple
Narmada Riverand Son Riveroriginate from Amarkantak
Kanan PendariBesides having places associated with its ancient and cultural heritage, the city is also famous for its wildlife variety. This is because of its situation within the state. It is reputed for having some of the densest forests in the country and an even spread of hills and rivers. One of the places worth visiting is the Achanakmar Wildife Sanctuary[http://forest.cg.gov.in/nature_tourism.htm#P9 ] . Famous for the variety of its wildlife, the sanctuary is spread over an area of 551 km² (213 mi²) and was setup in 1975 under the Wildlife Protection Act. The sanctuary is 55 km (34 mi) away form Bilaspur and is closed during the monsoon season.
Within the sanctuary the presence of
guar(Indian Bison) and tigers are very much in evidence, as reported by the multiple sightings by the visitors. Other animals include the leopard, chital, panthera, striped hyena, canis, sloth bear, dhole, sambar deer, nilgai, Indian four-horned antelope and chinkarapopulate the sanctuary in equal numbers.
Trips to the sanctuary can be organized via private taxi operators. A place to stay is the Panther Cottage, Malhaar where there is a beautiful stone carved historical temple ruin.
Located 55 km (34 mi) away is Khutaghat, where there is a
damand reservoirand it is possible to stay in the prebooked Irrigation Department. The beautifully located "Hill Top Rest House" overlooking the vast expanse of the blue water reservoir is chosen by many for accommodation. The Khudia Dam, which is 75 km (47 mi) away from the city, is equally beautiful but more remote.
Places of interest within the city include Vivekanand Uddyaan (a city Park), Kaanan Pindary zoo (8 km, 5 mi), Ramkrishna Ashram (5 km 3 mi), Arpa River Chat Puja Ghat.
The city celebrates all the major
festivals of India. There are some local festivals such as the colorful Rout Dance (November). The city has a multicultural mix of locals and people that have migrated from Sindh( Pakistan), Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtraand Gujarat, etc. The city publishes four morning and one evening daily newspapers in Hindi. The town has been the home of some famous literary personalities including Sri Srikant Verma ( Hindi) and Sri. Bimal Mitra(Bengali).
Local memorabilia include the handicrafts that are available in
KhadiBhawan, near Satyam Cinema. Kosa silk saris and cloth are available in Sadar Bazaar.
The best time to visit is from October to March. However, one can visit it anytime of the year to shop and to enjoy the diversity of the culture which is very different from other parts of the country and for the better for sure.
Bilaspur is a regional hub for the railway system. It is the zonal head office of South East Central Railway. It is well connected to the rest of the country through the
Indian Railways. The Rajdhani Express(besides several other daily trains) connects Bilaspur to New Delhi. The station is on the main Mumbai- Kolkata(Calcutta) rail line with daily connections to Mumbai, Kolkata, Pune and Ahmedabad. It is also the originating station for daily trains to Bhopal, Indore, Nagpurand Raipur. Daily connections are also available for Amritsar, Agra, Gwalior, Roorkee, Haridwar, Vishakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar, Rourkela, Puri, Tatanagar, Patna, Chhapra, Gondia, Raigarh and Durg. It is also connected by direct trains toKochi (Cochin), Chennai(formerly Madras), Bangalore,Hyderabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Porbandar, Gorakhpur and many other cities and towns in India.
The city is connected with Mumbai and Kolkata via Raipur through National Highway network. Bilaspur is on NH-200 connecting Raipur and Raigarh on either side.
Three-wheeled, black and yellow
Auto rickshaws, referred to as autos, is a popular form of transport. They can accommodate up to eitgh passengers. Local transportation also includes human pulled Cycle Rickshaws, horse drawn Tongas.And just started City Bus services, which covers almost the city with a cheap fare.
There are regular buses and taxis that connect to all nearby towns and cities.
Bilaspur Airportis at Chakarbhatta, 10 km away. It is not served by any scheduled airline. The nearest airport that has regular flights for Delhi, Nagpur, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ranchi, Bhubaneswar,Ahmedabad, Indore,Pune, Visakhapatnam, and Chennai, is at Raipur, 110 km (68 mi) away.
* Chattisgarh Institute of Medical Science
* Mission Hospital
* [http://www.secr.gov.in/ S.E.C.RAILWAY Hospital]
* [http://www.apollohospitals.com/bilaspur.asp?PgeuId=1066/ Apollo Hospital]
Bilaspur has developed as a centre of education for Chhattisgarh with students from all over the state coming to Bilaspur to study for
engineering, medical and administrative officers' competitive exams. Recently two big schools were started in Bilaspur(i.e. The Jain International School & Delhi Public School ). Along with the older schools, which provided excellent education, these new schools make Bilaspur the center for primary education too.
* [http://www.ggu.ac.in/ Guru Ghasidas University]
* [http://www.pssou.ac.in/ Pandit Sundarlal Sharma (Open) University]
* [http://www.cvru.ac.in/ Dr. C.V. Raman University]
* [http://www.mumt.com/ Maharishi University of Management and Technology]
* [http://www.gecbsp.ac.in/ Govt Engineering College]
* [http://www.itggu.ac.in/ GGU Institute of Technology]
* Chattisgarh Institute of Medical Science
* New Horizon Dental College and Research Institute
* The SLT Institute of Pharmaceuticals Science
* GGU Institute of Management
* C. V. RAMAN Technical College
* [http://www.cecbilaspur.ac.in/ Chouksey Engineering College]
* School of Pharmacy, CEC
* [http://cmdpgcollege.org/ CMD P.G. College]
* [http://vipraeducationcollege.com/ DP Vipra P.G. College]
* [http://www.jkip.org/ J. K. Institute of Pharmacy]
* Govt Girls PG College
* Shanti Niketan College
* Nac-Mit computer education center college of IT.
* [http://www.dlscollege.info/ DLS College]
* Naveen Kanya Mahavidalaya
* Bharat Computer Institute
* [http://nicetec.org/ NiceTec College for Professional Studies]
* [http://saiflytech.com/ Saiflytech Flying Club]
* C.L.Chouksey Memorial Homoeopathic Medical College
* [http://www.kvbilaspur.com/ Kendriya Vidyalay]
* [http://www.tjisbilaspur.com/ Jain International High School]
* DAV Public School
* [http://www.dpsbilaspur.com/ Delhi Public School]
* Don Bosco Public School
* Bengali Higher Secondary School
* Bharat Mata Higher Secondary School
* Bharatmata English Medium School
* Bharatmata Primery School
* [http://burgesenglish.com/ Burgess English Medium School]
* [http://bpsbilaspur.com/Content/Default.aspx/ Brilliant Public School]
* Christian English School
* Government Multipurpose Higher Secondary School
* [http://www.maharishividyamandir.com/ Maharashi Vidya Mandir]
* Mohanty English Medium School
* Normal School
* Pushparaj English Medium School
* SEC Railway English Medium school
* SEC Railway Hindi Medium School
* SEC Railway Primery School
* SEC Railway Single Teacher School
* Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir
* Sheffer School
St. FrancisHr. Sec. School
* St. Joseph Convent
* Devaki Nandan Higher Secondary School
* Shanti Niketan Public School
* Mission Higher Secondary School
* [http://stxavierschools.org/ St. Xaviers School]
* Puskar Convent School Tifra Bilaspur CG.
* Loyala School Rajkishor Nagar, Bilaspur CG.
*Hotels: There are many budget and mid-level hotels, but the most expensive hotel is Central Point.
*Medical facilities: One medical college and hospital managed by the University, One dental college managed by the Barfani Academia, one unit of the Apollo Hospital and many private nursing homes and clinics.
*Legal: The day the state of Chhattisgarh was constituted (1 November 2000) with its capital at Raipur, the High Court of Chhattisgarh was established at Bilaspur.
*Banks: All major Indian Banks have branches and ATMs in the city. Very few shops accept credit cards.
*WebSite: A web-site dedicated to provide information on Bilaspur ( [http://www.merabsp.com www.merabsp.com] ) is being maintained by Data Spec.
* [http://www.bilaspur.nic.in/ Welcome to Bilaspur]
* [http://www.chhattisgarh.com/bilaspur/bilaspur.htm Map of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh]
* [http://www.chhattisgarh.com/bilaspur/travels/bilaspurtravels.htm#RATANPUR Tourist places of Bilaspur District]
* [http://www.merabsp.com मेरा बिलासपुर Information Site Bilaspur Chhattisgarh India]
* [http://www.trainenquiry.com/PassingThroughTrains_Display.aspx?sel_val=BSP+&queryDisplay=BILASPUR+JN%2c+BSP+&time=24&name=&code= Trains Passing Through Bilaspur]
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