Mirror Man (Captain Beefheart album)

Mirror Man (Captain Beefheart album)
Mirror Man
Studio album by Captain Beefheart
Released April 1971
Recorded TTG Studios, Hollywood, CA
October–November 1967
Genre Blues-rock, psychedelic rock
Length 52:51
Label Buddah Records
Producer Bob Krasnow
Captain Beefheart chronology
Lick My Decals Off, Baby
Mirror Man
The Spotlight Kid

Mirror Man is the fifth studio album by Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band. It contains material which was recorded in 1967 for Buddah Records, and which was originally intended for release as part of an abandoned project entitled It Comes to You in a Plain Brown Wrapper. Much of the material from this project was subsequently re-recorded and released through a different label as Strictly Personal (1968). The tapes from the original sessions, however, remained under the care of Buddah, who took four of the unissued tunes and released them as Mirror Man in 1971. The record sleeve features an erroneous claim that it had been "recorded one night in Los Angeles in 1965."

The album is dominated by three long, blues-rooted jams featuring uncharacteristically sparse lyrical accompaniment from Beefheart. A fourth tune, the eight-minute "Kandy Korn", is an earlier version of a track that appears on Strictly Personal. In 1999, Buddha Records issued an expanded version of the album entitled The Mirror Man Sessions, which features five additional tracks taken from the abandoned tapes.



When the band went into the studio in late 1967 to record the follow-up to their debut album Safe as Milk, which had been released earlier that year, it was with the intention of producing a double album, provisionally entitled It Comes to You in a Plain Brown Wrapper.[1] Three of the tracks they recorded—"Tarotplane", "25th Century Quaker", and "Mirror Man"—were long, psychedelic blues jams performed 'live in the studio' (in one take with no overdubs).[1] These were intended to fill one of the set's two LPs.[2] The band were also working on a number of other tracks, many of which would eventually be included on Strictly Personal (1968). These songs were characterized by their polyrhythmic structures and psychedelic themes, which marked a progression from the band's previous blues-rooted work on Safe as Milk.[2]

The Brown Wrapper concept, however, was at some point abandoned, and many of the tracks from the sessions were left unfinished and without any vocals.[2] The reason for this remains unclear, though Beefheart biographer Mike Barnes suggests it was probably because the band's record label, Buddah, simply lost interest.[2] A number of the abandoned tracks were re-recorded in 1968, and released as Strictly Personal, through producer Bob Krasnow's own record label, Blue Thumb. The original session tapes, however, which included the three long blues jams along with a number of other unreleased songs, remained the property of Buddah, who released Mirror Man in May 1971, compiling the track list from the three 'live' jams and a finished version of "Kandy Korn" (which was one of the tracks re-recorded for Strictly Personal, where it appears in shortened form).[3] The album's original pressing was put together somewhat carelessly, with the cover art featured a shot of the band's 1970 line-up.[3] Later pressings replaced this photo with a more striking image of Van Vliet (Beefheart) wearing a top hat.

Music and lyrics

The opening track, "Tarotplane", takes its title after the Robert Johnson song "Terraplane Blues", which was about a popular 1930s car.[1] Throughout "Tarotplane"'s nineteen minutes, Van Vliet quotes lines from Johnson's song as well as from various other blues tunes including Blind Willie Johnson's "You're Gonna Need Somebody on Your Bond", Son House's "Grinning in Your Face", and Willie Dixon's "Wang Dang Doodle".[1] The song is built on a single two-chord blues riff, and also features an appearance by Van Vliet on an Indian reed instrument called a shehnai, which was supposedly given to him by Ornette Coleman, and which he plays in a different key from the rest of the band.[4]

Also on side one is an eight-minute "Kandy Korn", the second Magic Band tune to reference confectionery, following Safe as Milk's "Abba Zaba".[5] A different, shorter version of this song appears as the closing track on Strictly Personal, where the production buries the later sections of the song under a profusion of backwards cymbals.[5] Here, the track is heard without Krasnow's controversial production effects.

The second long 'live' blues jam, "25th Century Quaker", owes its surreal lyrics more to the psychedelic mood of the time, with its references to "blue cheese faces" and "eyes that flutter like a wide-open shutter." Music historian Piero Scaruffi writes, in reference to both this song and "Kandy Korn", "[the lyrics] are surrealistic and intentionally idiotic, a call to infantilism and acid trips in service of a musical theater of the absurd."[6] Around the time the song was recorded the band had been wearing black Quaker coats on stage, and even began to play their live shows as The 25th Century Quakers.[4]

The album closes with its fifteen-minute title track, which, like "Kandy Korn", was re-recorded for Strictly Personal, where it appears as "Son of Mirror Man – Mere Man". An Allmusic review of the album cites "Mirror Man" as "one of the key tracks of Beefheart's entire career," adding, "Probably the catchiest tune Beefheart ever wrote, "Mirror Man" has an almost funky, hip-swaying groove."[7]

Critical and popular reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3.5/5 stars[8]
Piero Scaruffi 8/10 stars[9]

Reviews of the album have made much of the length of its four compositions. A contemporary review written for Rolling Stone magazine by Lester Bangs, who opens by citing Beefheart as "one of the four or five unqualified geniuses to rise from the hothouses of American music in the Sixties," states: "None of them really build in intensity or end up anyplace other than where they started, and would most likely prove intolerable to anyone already a bit put off by Beefheart's work."[10] Mike Barnes suggests the lengths are partly justified by other bands' long blues compositions of the period, such as the nineteen-minute "Revelation" from Love's Da Capo (1966), or the eleven-minute "Alligator" from the Grateful Dead's Anthem of the Sun (1968).[4] Bangs, too, goes on to say, "If all those millions settled for Cream throttling "Spoonful" for 16 minutes, their attention spans shouldn't have any trouble with this, which is not only better blues jamming but actually has more variety."[10] The album reached a peak UK chart position of number 49, although, like all other Magic Band releases, it failed to break into the top 100 in the United States.[11]

Track listing

All tracks written by Don Van Vliet and published by Flamingo Music.
Side one
  1. "Tarotplane" – 19:08
  2. "Kandy Korn" – 8:07
Side two
  1. "25th Century Quaker" – 9:50
  2. "Mirror Man" – 15:46

The Mirror Man Sessions

In 1999, Buddha Records (which had renamed itself to correct the earlier misspelling, 'Buddah') reissued the album under the title The Mirror Man Sessions, which was released with a newly expanded track list and a 12-page booklet explaining the history of the recordings. The additional tracks included on this release are also taken from the abandoned Brown Wrapper sessions, and thus yield a track listing which is somewhat closer to the original concept. Other tracks from these sessions are included as bonus material on Buddha's 1999 issue of Safe as Milk.

Track listing

  1. "Tarotplane" – 19:08
  2. "25th Century Quaker" – 9:50
  3. "Mirror Man" – 15:46
  4. "Kandy Korn" – 8:06
  5. "Trust Us" (Take 6) – 7:14
  6. "Safe as Milk" (Take 12) – 5:00
  7. "Beatle Bones n' Smokin' Stones" – 3:11
  8. "Moody Liz" (Take 8) – 4:32
  9. "Gimme Dat Harp Boy" – 3:32



  1. ^ a b c d Barnes, p. 46
  2. ^ a b c d Barnes, p. 48
  3. ^ a b Barnes, p. 156
  4. ^ a b c Barnes, p. 47
  5. ^ a b Barnes, p. 61
  6. ^ Scaruffi, Piero (1999). 'The History of Rock Music: Captain Beefheart'
  7. ^ Mason, Stewart. Allmusic review
  8. ^ Allmusic review
  9. ^ Piero Scaruffi review
  10. ^ a b Bangs, Lester (April 1, 1971). "Mirror Man" review for Rolling Stone. Accessed at beefheart.com.
  11. ^ Barnes, p. 358


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