Chronicon (Jerome)


Chronicon (Jerome)

The Chronicle (or Chronicon or Temporum liber, The Book of Times) was a universal chronicle, one of Jerome's earliest attempts in the department of history. It was composed circa 380 in Constantinople; this is a translation into Latin of the chronological tables which compose the second part of the Chronicon of Eusebius, with a supplement covering the period from 325 to 379. In spite of numerous errors taken over from Eusebius, and some of his own, Jerome produced a valuable work of universal history, if only for the impulse which it gave to such later chroniclers as Prosper, Cassiodorus, and Victor of Tunnuna to continue his annals. Following the Chronicon of Eusebius (early 4th century), Jerome dated Creation to 5199 BC.[1][2]

The Chronicle contains a chronology of the events of Greek mythology, based on the work of Hellenistic scholars such as Apollodorus, Diodorus Siculus, and Eusebius.[3] While the earlier parts are clearly unhistorical, there may be scattered remnants of historical events of late Mycenean Greece from entries of the 12th century BC. (See the historicity of the Iliad. Notably, Jerome's date for the capture of Troy of 1183 BC corresponds remarkably well with the destruction layer of Troy VIIa, the main candidate for the historical inspiration of legendary Troy, dated to ca. 1190 BC.) Homer himself is dated to 940 BC, while modern scholarship usually places him after 800 BC.

Contents

Timeline

From Adam until the 14th year of Valens, 5,579 years

From Abraham to the Fall of Troy (26 kings of the Assyrians), 835 years
  • Ninus, son of Belus reigned 52 years, Abraham, Zoroaster
  • Semiramis, 42 years
  • Zameis, 38 years; covenant of Abraham with God (1942 BC)
  • Arius reigned for 30 years; birth of Isaac (1912 BC)
  • Aralius, 40 years
  • Xerxes Balaneus , 30 years; Inachus reigned for 50 years (1856 BC)
  • Armamitres, 38 years
  • Belocus, 35 years; birth of Joseph (1765 BC); Ogygian Flood (1757 BC)
  • Balaeus, 52 years; famine in Egypt (1727 BC)
  • Altadas, 32 years; Prometheus
  • Mamynthus, 30 years
  • Magchaleus, 30 years
  • Sphaerus, 20 years; birth of Moses (1592 BC)
  • Mamylus, 30 years
  • Sparetus, 40 years; Deucalian flood (1526 BC)
  • Ascatades, 40 years; Moses on Mount Sinai (1515 BC)
  • Amynthes, 45 years; birth of Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon (1445 BC)
  • Belochus, 25 years
  • Bellepares, 30 years; Perseus
  • Lamprides, 32 years; Tros (1365 BC)
  • Sosares, 20 years; Pegasus
  • Lampares, 30 years; Europa, temple at Eleusis
  • Pannias, 45 years; Miletus; Argonauts; Oedipus; Gideon
  • Sosarmus, 19 years; Hercules, Priam, Theseus, Seven against Thebes (1234 BC)
  • Mithraeus, 27 years; Olympic games (1212 BC)
  • Tautanes, 32 years; Trojan War (1191-1182 BC)
From the Fall of Troy, until the first Olympiad, 405 years.
  • from Ninus to Sardanapalus: 36 Assyrian kings (1240 years)
from the first Olympiad, to the 14th year of Valens, 1,155 years
  • 1st Olympiad (776 BC)
  • 65th Olympiad; Darius the Great (520 BC)
  • 181st Olympiad; Julius Caesar (44 BC)
  • 202nd Olympiad; preaching of Jesus Christ
  • 289th Olympiad; Goths defeated by Huns (AD 377)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Galloway, Andrew. The Penn Commentary on Piers Plowman, p. 69. Vide Piers Plowman.
  2. ^ Fourth Century (see 327 Eusebius of Caesarea). Archived 2009-10-25.
  3. ^ Pearse, Roger et al. (2005) The Chronicle of St. Jerome. http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/jerome_chronicle_00_eintro.htm

Literature

  • Richard W. Burgess, Studies in Eusebian and post-Eusebian Chronography, Stuttgart (1999).
  • Malcolm Drew Donalson, A Translation of Jerome's Chronicon With Historical Commentary, Mellen University Press (1996). ISBN 0-7734-2258-7.
  • J. K. Fotheringham, The Bodleian Manuscript of Jerome's Version of the Chronicle of Eusebius Reproduced in Collotype. Oxford: Clarendon (1905)
  • J. K. Fotheringham, Eusebii Pamphili Chronici canones. London: Humphrey Milford (1923). (Photocopy)
  • R. Helm, Eusebius Werke 7: Die Chronik des Hieronymus, Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller der Ersten Jahrhunderte 47 (1956).
  • Benoît Jeanjean & Bertrand Lançon, Saint-Jérôme, Chronique : Continuation de la Chronique d'Eusèbe, années 326-378, Brest, (2004), ISBN : 2753500185.
  • Josef KARST, Eusebius Werke, 5. Band : Die Chronik aus dem Armenischen übersetzt. Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller der Ersten Jahrhunderte 20 (1911).
  • Alden A. Mosshammer, The Chronicle of Eusebius and the Greek Chronographic Tradition, Lewisburg/London (1979), ISBN 0-8387-1939-2.
  • Alfred Schoene, Eusebi Chronicorum Libri. 2 vols. Berlin: Weidmann (1875).
  • Robert Graves; The Greek Myths (1955) ISBN 0-14-017199-1
  • Alden A. Mosshammer; The Chronicle of Eusebius and Greek Chronographic Tradition, Bucknell University Press (1979) ISBN 0-8387-1939-2
  • J. C. Stobart; The Glory that was Greece (1911) ISBN 0-283-48455-1
  • Michael Wood; In Search of the Trojan War (1998) ISBN 0-520-21599-0
  • Wood, Michael (2005) In Search of Myths and Heroes http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/greeks/jason_01.shtml

External links


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