Klawock, Alaska


Klawock, Alaska

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Klawock, Alaska
settlement_type = City
nickname = Site of the First Salmon Cannery in Alaska
motto = kla-na-kee-duk


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the state of Alaska


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Alaska
subdivision_type2 = Borough
subdivision_name2 = Unorganized
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Donald Marvin
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1868
established_date2 = 1929
area_note =
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_km2 = 2.3
area_total_sq_mi = 0.9
area_land_km2 = 1.5
area_land_sq_mi = 0.6
area_water_km2 = 0.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3
area_water_percent = 34.83
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 854
population_density_km2 = 568.5
population_density_sq_mi = 1465.4
timezone = AKST
utc_offset = -9
timezone_DST = AKDT
utc_offset_DST = -8
elevation_m = 24
elevation_ft = 79
latd = 55 |latm = 33 |lats = 18 |latNS = N
longd = 133 |longm = 5 |longs = 7 |longEW = W
website = [http://www.cityofklawock.com/ WWW.CityOfKlawock.Com]
postal_code_type = Zip code
postal_code = 99925
area_code = 907
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 02-40400
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = [Gnis3|1423100 1423100]
footnotes =

Klawock is a city in Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska, on the west coast of Prince of Wales Island, on Klawock Inlet, across from Klawock Island. The population was 854 at the 2000 census.

It is 90 km (56 mi) from Ketchikan, 11 km (seven mi) from Craig, and 39 km (24 mi) from Hollis.

History

Klawock's first settlers were Tlingit who came from the northern winter village of Tuxekan. They used it as a fishing camp for the summer period, and called it by several different names: Klawerak, Tlevak, Clevak, and Klawak.

In 1868, a trading post and a salmon saltery were opened; some years later, in 1878, a San Francisco firm opened the first cannery in Alaska. In the following decades, several others were established. A post office was established in 1882. The 1890 census recorded the town's population as 260.

The Alaska Native Brotherhood (ANB) and Alaska Native Sisterhood (ANS), nonprofit organizations, were established by residents in 1912. Its founders and many volunteers built the Town Hall and a community center, in 1939.

In 1929 the town incorporated as a city, and in 1934 Congress awarded federal funding for the expansion of the cannery, on the condition that the community remain liquor-free. At the same time, the Klawock Cooperative Association (a nonprofit organization) was formed to manage the cannery.

Frank Peratrovich, then-mayor of Klawock, became one of the 55 delegates to the Alaska Constitutional Convention in 1955.

Geography

Klawock is located at coor dms|55|33|18|N|133|5|7|W|city (55.554961, -133.085139)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), of which, 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it (34.83%) is water.

Average temperature in January is 3°C (37°F), and 14°C (58°F) in July; yearly precipitation is 305 cm (120 in).

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 854 people, 313 households, and 215 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,465.4 people per square mile (568.5/km²). There were 368 housing units at an average density of 631.4/sq mi (245.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 40.98% White, 50.94% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 7.38% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 313 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 124.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 134.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,000, and the median income for a family was $38,839. Males had a median income of $38,977 versus $23,036 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,621. About 13.6% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Local features and attractions

Klawock hosts the second oldest hatchery in Alaska. This industry enhances the salmon runs including sockeye, coho, and steelhead. A sawmill and area logging operations are also present.

Klawock has its own harbor, often used as a departure point for trips or boating exploration of the bays, inlets, and surrounding islands.

Each February, the ANB/ANS organizations sponsor the "Elizabeth Peratrovich Celebration" with ceremonies and a potluck. The city also sponsors a summer festival, the "Celebration by the Sea."

There is a Totem Park with one of the largest collection (21) of totem poles in Alaska: it displays original and replica totems from the old village of Tuxekan. The city built also a carving shed to house the poles during restoration, which can be visited.

The city has also built a Long House (named "Gaanì Ax Adi") with a new totem pole, in 1998.

Law and government

There is a mayor and a council, but the city is not located in any borough. The local government manages the water, wastewater, refuse collection, trailer court, landfill, boat harbor, liquor store, and boat ramp utilities. There is a local sales tax of 5.5%, which 0.5% is devoted to education, and no property tax.

There are two full time police officers and an office for the Alaska State Troopers. There is also a volunteer fire department with 27 members, an EMS squad of 6-8 trained volunteers, and a search and rescue office (serving all of Prince of Wales Island) with 57 members.

Education

There is a school with grades K-6 and a high school with grades 7-12 both administered by the Klawock City School District. On average, 200 students are enrolled yearly. The Head Start school (three to four year olds) is run by the Tlingit and Haida Central Council.

Transportation

Airport

The 5,000 foot and paved Klawock Airport is the only airport on Prince of Wales Island and serves as the air transport gateway for nearby Craig as well. It receives charters and daily scheduled passenger service from Ketchikan from L.A.B. Flying Service.

Ferry

Ferry service is available through the Inter-Island Ferry Authority from either Prince of Wales Island communities of Hollis (M/V "Prince of Wales", with service to Ketchikan) or Coffman Cove (M/V "Stikine", with service to Wrangell or Petersburg) which are both accessible through Prince of Wales' road system.

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofklawock.com/ City of Klawock]


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