- Gustaf Retzius
Born 17 October 1842
Died 21 July 1919 Nationality Swedish Fields histology Alma mater Uppsala University
Known for nervous system
Magnus Gustaf Retzius (17 October 1842 – 21 July 1919) was a Swedish physician and anatomist who dedicated a large part of his life to researching the histology of the sense organs and nervous system.
Retzius was born in Stockholm, son of the anatomist Anders Retzius (and grandson of the naturalist and chemist Anders Jahan Retzius). He enrolled at Uppsala University in 1860, and received his medicine kandidat degree there in 1866, transferred to the Karolinska Institute (KI), where he became medicine licentiat in 1869 and completed his doctorate in medicine (Ph.D.) in 1871 at Lund University. He received an extraordinary professorship in histology at KI in 1877 and an ordinary professorship in anatomy there in 1889 (acting from 1888), but resigned in 1890 after conflicts with other members of the institute; his wealthy marriage actually allowed him to pursue his research and writing without employment.
Gustaf Retzius published more than 300 scientific works in anatomy, embryology, eugenics, craniometry, zoology and botany. He gave his name to the millimeter-long Retzius cells in the central nervous system of the leech (Hirudo medicinalis). However, there is also a darker side of his scientific career: Gustaf Retzius is one of the fathers of the pseudoscientific race theory, "scientific racism", and one of those who tried to glorify the "Nordic race" as the highest race of mankind. He was also a journalist and the editor of the newspaper Aftonbladet (1884-87). Retzius was married to the feminist Anna Hierta, daughter of Aftonbladet's founder Lars Johan Hierta.
Gustaf Retzius was politically and socially active. Together with his wife he founded the Hierta-Retzius foundation, which is now administered by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which Retzius was a member of from 1879. The foundation has two funds, one for the promotion of biological research and the other for supporting projects of an important scientific or social nature. In 1901 Gustaf Retzius became a member of the Swedish Academy.
- Sjöstrand, Lars (. 2008). "Gustaf Retzius – great researcher and controversial cultural personality". Lakartidningen 105 (8): 559–61. PMID 18363303.
- Hawkins, Joseph E (. 2005). "Sketches of otohistory. Part 6: Gustaf Retzius". Audiol. Neurootol. 10 (2): 65–68. doi:10.1159/000083361. PMID 15650297.
- Grant, G (August 1999). "Gustaf Retzius and Camillo Golgi". Journal of the history of the neurosciences 8 (2): 151–163. doi:10.1076/jhin.126.96.36.1995. PMID 11624296.
- Grant, G (January 2000). "The histologist and anatomist Gustaf Retzius. He never received the Nobel Prize in spite of his twelve nominations". Lakartidningen 97 (1–2): 64–70. PMID 10668335.
- Afzelius, B A (October 1995). "Gustaf Retzius and spermatology". Int. J. Dev. Biol. 39 (5): 675–85. PMID 8645550.
- HAGGQVIST, G (December 1960). "Gustaf RETZIUS". Svenska läkartidningen 57: 3699–706. PMID 13710525.
Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
Seat No 12
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Gustaf Magnus Retzius — Gustaf Retzius Gustaf Magnus Retzius (Stockholm, 17 octobre 1842 – ibidem, 21 juillet 1919) est un médecin et un anatomiste suédois qui a consacré une grande partie de sa vie à la recherche dans le domaine de l histologie des organes des sens et… … Wikipédia en Français
Retzius — ist der Name von Anders Jahan Retzius (1742 – 1821), schwedischer Naturforscher Anders Adolph Retzius (1796 – 1860), schwedischer Anatom und Anthropologe, Sohn von Anders Jahan Retzius Carl Gustaf Retzius (1798–1833), schwedischer Botaniker und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Retzius — is a Swedish family, which counts among its members a few prominent scientists: *Anders Jahan Retzius (1742 1821), naturalist *Anders Retzius (1796 1860), anatomist; son of Anders Jahan Retzius *Gustaf Retzius (1842 1919), anatomist, liberal… … Wikipedia
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Retzius, Magnus Gustaf — ▪ Swedish anatomist and anthropologist born Oct. 17, 1842, Stockholm died July 21, 1919, Stockholm Swedish anatomist and anthropologist best known for his studies of the histology of the nervous system. Retzius Das Menschenhirn, 2 vol … Universalium
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Anders Jahan Retzius — (October 3, 1742 October 6, 1821) was a Swedish chemist, botanist and entomologist born in Kristianstad on October 3, 1742. He matriculated at Lund University in 1758, where he graduated as a filosofie magister in 1766. He also trained as an… … Wikipedia
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