infobox UK place
country = England
longitude= -0.4778Uxbridge is a university town in the
London Borough of Hillingdonin West London, England. It is a suburban development situated convert|15|mi|km|1 west north-west of Charing Crossand near to the boundary with Buckinghamshirewhich is locally the River Colne. It is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan.
The name is derived from "Wuxen Bridge" which was likely to have been near the bottom of Oxford Road where the "Swan and Bottle" now stands. The Wuxen were a 7th-century Saxon tribe. Before 1965, Uxbridge formed a municipal borough of
The town centre today comprises retail outlets and major office buildings, including the main European offices of several international companies including
Kuehne + Nagel, PAREXEL International, Xerox, Arri, APL, Herbalife Europe Ltd and the Anadarko Algeria Oil Company. Other employers include Apple, Unisys, F. Hinds, The Coca-ColaCompany, Anixter International, WMS Gaming, Manpower, AIB and General Mills.
populationin Uxbridge in 2001 was 62,000 people.
:"See main article:
RAF UxbridgeUxbridge also has its own Royal Air Force station, known as RAF Uxbridge, that is most famous for being the Headquartersof 11 Group (Fighter command) during the Battle of Britain. A replica Spitfirecan be seen on display at the front entrance to the base.
Bronze ageremains (before 700 BC) and medieval remains when the new shopping mall "The Chimes" was being built. Two miles away at Denham, Upper Paleolithicremains have been found.
Uxbridge is not mentioned in the
Domesday Bookof the 11th century, but a hundred years later the existing church, [http://www.uxbridgeparish.org/stmargarets St Margaret's] , was built. The pubpresently called "The Queens Head" has a sign depicting Anne Boleyn, wife of Henry VIII. The pub was previously called "The Axe" and possibly dates from the 1540s. A tunnel connects the pub to the church. At the bottom of Windsor Street there is a cemetery with an archway. It was here on Lynch Greenthat three heretics were burned to death in 1555. Foxe's " Book of Martyrs" gives the names as John Denley, Robert Smith and Patrick Packingham, but other sources call the last one Patrick Rockingham. He was found guilty of denying the trinity.
Elizabeth I, Roman Catholics were subject to severe constraints. Edmund Campionwas a Catholic priest, trained in Douai in the Netherlands, to give covert support to Catholics. He travelled around England on horseback, giving sermons in secret and pretending to be a diamond merchant. In 1580 he came to Uxbridge and hid for a couple of weeks, in a house owned by William Catesby. In 1581 Campion was caught. He was hanged, drawn and quarteredin London. The 40 or so Catholics who died in this period are called the "Douai martyrs" which is also the name of the local Catholic secondary school, in Ickenham.
In 1605 the
Gunpowder Plotwas uncovered. The flamboyant six-foot leader, Robert Catesby(son of William), escaped and hid in his house in Uxbridge. He was later shot. There were negotiations between Charles I and the Parliamentaryside in Uxbridge, January 30to February 22 1645, commemorated in the name of a local pub and restaurant, the Crown and Treaty. This latter is on the A4020 Oxford Road where it leaves the town, at the canal overbridge.
The covered market was built in 1788, but the previous building was about twice as big, creating big problems for traffic. In the early 19th century, Uxbridge had an unsavoury reputation. The jurist
William Arabinsaid of it residents "They will steal the very teeth out of your mouth as you walk through the streets. I know it from experience."
Uxbridge originally formed a
chapelrywithin the parish of Hillingdon. It was split out as a separate civil parishin 1866, and became part of the Uxbridge Urban District [http://www.uxbridgeparish.org/] in 1894 under the Local Government Act 1894.
In the 1930s
George Orwellwas a teacher at Frays College(Harefield Road) which later became Frays Adult Education Centre, but has since been demolished. His novel "A Clergyman's Daughter" was based on his experiences there.
For about 200 years most of London's
flourwas produced in the Uxbridge area. There were also breweries, The last Brewery was called Harman's and was based in the High Street and extended up George Street. It was still in operation up until the early sixties.
The "ANITA" calculator, the world's first desktop electronic calculator, was developed and manufactured by the Bell Punch Company at its site on "The Island", off Rockingham Road. The largest manufacturer in Britain of mechanical calculators, ticketing systems, and taximeters, the company's electronic calculators proved hugely successful when launched in 1961. With further development, there followed a series of desktop electronic calculators, with hand-held calculators following in the early 1970s. In 1972 the calculator division was sold to
Rockwell Internationalof the U.S.A., which decided to exit consumer electronics in 1976 and closed down calculator manufacturing. The Bell Punch Company continued manufacturing its other products till about 1986 when it too closed down.
The infamous highwayman and thief
Dick Turpinused to hold people up on the roads of Uxbridge back in the 1700s, hence Turpin's nightclub on Vine Street opposite Randall's in Uxbridge in the early 1990s.
The station is connected to a bus terminus with connections to Hillingdon, Hayes, Ealing, Ruislip, and Slough.
A TFL project called the
West London TramService has been postponed however "an effective bus-based solution" [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/networkandservices/3223.aspx] was cited as a alternative, but no specific plans exist. The route is currently served by the 427, 207, and 607 bus services.
There were once three railway stations - Uxbridge Vine Street (originally just Uxbridge Station), Uxbridge High Street, and Uxbridge Belmont Road. All three have now closed, replaced by the underground and bus services.
Grand Junction Canal, now Grand Union Canal, which connects London with Birmingham, passes immediately to the west of Uxbridge, and forms the borough boundary. The first stretch was built in the late eighteenth century from Brentfordto Uxbridge. Further upstream is Uxbridge Lock, and nearby is a flourmill belonging to Allied Mills. A Mister King, who called it “Kingsmill”, bought this in the nineteenth century. This brand name is one of the best-selling bread-makers in the UK, though most of the milling is now done on Tyneside. London Heathrow Airportis also located in the London Borough of Hillingdon and is approximately 5 miles from the centre of Uxbridge.
Uxbridge has two shopping centres, The Mall (formally "The "Pavilions") and The Chimes. Much of the town centre is pedestrianised. In addition, just off the High Street is Windsor Street, a short road populated by older shops; as well as being home to St Margaret's Church.
The Art Deco-style department store, Randall's, is owned by the family of the Conservative MP for Uxbridge, John Randall, who was elected in a 1997 by-election when the sitting MP, Sir
Michael Shersby, died shortly after the 1997 general election.
Uxbridge as a filming location
The National Lottery" - Advert - Was filmed in Windsor Street
Durex" Advert - With the protagonists separated by a chain-link fence was filmed outside the Tube Station entrance. Uxbridge is an anagram of "Big Durex"...
"McCain Oven Chips" - Advert
Take Three Girls" - A new Bollywood Production
"Extras" - Comedy program written by
Ricky Gervais- Many scenes were filmed around the town centre.
"Genevieve" - Filmed in an around Uxbridge, as well as
West Draytonand other nearby towns.
Mind Your Language" - Comedy Series
The Demon Headmaster" - CBBCseries filmed in and around the Atrium building.
Family Affairs" - Channel 5 soap opera, filmed outside the Civic Centre in Uxbridge.
"A Clockwork Orange" - scenes from the Ludovico Centre were filmed at
The Sweeney" - detective series in which the episode entitled "Thou Shalt Not Kill" was filmed at Brunel University. The entrance to the present Student Unionbuilding doubled as a university branch of a bank during a botched armed robberyand subsequent hostagesituation.
The Wrong Arm of the Law" - Filmed around Uxbridge Moor, just south of the main town - including memorable scenes of the getaway car leaping over Swan Bridge on Cowley Mill Road.
Only Fools and Horses" - Scene filmed in Randalls department store
Press Gang" - Shot entirely on location for the first series, with the Junior Gazette newsroom being represented by a disused building, however, that was demolished before the second series was due to start shooting, so the newsroom had to built at Pinewood Studios, and interior scenes were shot there for the rest of the series. However, outdoor scenes continued to be shot in and around Uxbridge.
Angus, Thongs and Full-Frontal Snogging" - Gurinder Chadha's ( Bend It Like Beckhamand Bride and Prejudice) film version of Louise Rennison's best-selling book was partly filmed in Bishopshalt School.
* [http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/ London Borough of Hillingdon]
* [http://www.uxbridgeparish.org/ The Uxbridge Parish of St Margaret's and St Andrew's Churches]
* [http://www.uxbridgetown.com/ UxbridgeTown.com - An Essential Guide To Uxbridge]
* [http://www.hillingdontimes.co.uk/ Uxbridge & Hillingdon Times]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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