Percival Prince


Percival Prince
Percival Prince
Royal Navy Sea Prince T.1 of 727 Squadron FAA from RNAS Brawdy operational with radar nose in September 1956
Role Transport aircraft
Manufacturer Percival Aircraft Limited
Designer Edgar Percival
First flight 13 May 1948
Number built 75 of all variants[1]
Developed from Percival Merganser

The Percival Prince was a British light transport of the early post-war period. It was a twin-engine, high-wing, cantilever monoplane of all-metal stressed-skin construction; the undercarriage was of retractable, tricycle type.

Contents

Development

The design of the Prince followed on from the solitary Merganser. Further development of the type led to the Survey Prince survey aircraft and the Sea Prince. An improved version of the Prince 3 with an increased wingspan and engine and undercarriage modifications was developed for the Royal Air Force as the Percival Pembroke.

Operational history

Percival Prince 3E executive aircraft of Standard Motor Co. at Croydon Airport in April 1954

The Prince was produced in six marks for the civil market.

The Sea Prince operated in two roles: in T.Mk.1 form it served as a navigation and anti-submarine trainer; the C.Mks. 1 and 2 were flown in the transport role. However, these were landplanes and not COD (carrier on-board delivery) aircraft. Sea Princes operated in both roles from 1954 to 1972 and as a navigation trainer until 1978, when it was replaced by the Handley Page Jetstream

Variants

[1]

  • P.50 Prince 1 - prototype based on Merganser with modified fin and undercarriage and two 520 hp Alvis Leonides 501/4 engine, one built.
  • P.50 Prince 2 - As Prince 1 with sloping windscreen, stronger mainspar, 5 built.
  • P.50 Prince 3 - As Prince 2 with Alvis Leonides 502/4 engine and lengthened nose on some aircraft, 12 built.
  • P.50 Prince 4 - Conversions to Alvis Leonides 503 engines, 10 converted.
  • P.50 Prince 5 - original designation of the Percival President.
  • P.50 Prince 6 - Conversions to Alvis Leonides 504 engines.
  • P.54 Survey Prince - Prince 2 with lengthened transparent nose and camera hatches, 6 built.
Sea Prince T.1 preserved at the Gatwick Aviation Museum in 2008
  • P.57 Sea Prince C1 - Prince 2 for Royal Navy use, 3 built.
  • P.57 Sea Prince T1 - Prince 3 with long nose housing radar, twin wheeled main undercarriage and lengthened engine nacelles for navigation and anti-submarine training, 41 built.
  • P.57 Sea Prince C2 - Transport version of Sea Prince T1, 4 built.

Operators

Civil Operators

 Australia
 Brunei
  • Brunei Shell Petroleum Company
 Brazil
  • Aeronorte
 France
 Kenya
 New Zealand
 Singapore
 Switzerland
 Tanganyika
 South Africa
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Venezuela

Military Operators

 Australia
 Thailand
  • Thai Air Force - One Survey Prince aircraft.
  • Thai Army - One Survey Prince aircraft.
 United Kingdom
  • Fleet Air Arm[1]
    • 700 Squadron FAA
    • 702 Squadron FAA
    • 727 Squadron FAA
    • 744 Squadron FAA
    • 750 Squadron FAA
    • 781 Squadron FAA
    • 831 Squadron FAA
  • Royal Naval Reserve
    • 1830 Squadron RNVR
    • 1840 Squadron RNVR
    • 1841 Squadron RNVR
    • 1844 Squadron RNVR

Survivors

  • On display, Prince, T1-1/98 (cn P.50/41), at Royal Thai Air Force Museum, Don Muang AFB
  • On display, Sea Prince T.1 WP308 at the Gatwick Aviation Museum, Surrey, England
  • On display, Sea Prince T.1 WF118 (569) G-DACA at the Gatwick Aviation Museum, Surrey, England

Specifications (Sea Prince T.1)

Percival Sea Prince T.1

Data from British Naval Aircraft since 1912 [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 3 students
  • Length: 46 ft 4 in (14.13 m)
  • Wingspan: 56 ft 0 in (17.07 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 1 in (4.90 m)
  • Wing area: 365 ft² (33.9 m²)
  • Empty weight: 8,850 lb (4,023 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 11,850 lb (5,386 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Alvis Leonides 125 radial, 550 hp (411 kW) each

Performance

Armament

none

See also

Related development

References

Notes
Bibliography
  • Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft 1919-1972: Volume III. London:Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0 85177 818 6.
  • Thetford, Owen, British Naval Aircraft since 1912. London:Putnam, 1978. ISBN 0 370 30021 1.

External links


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