Windsor-Detroit


Windsor-Detroit

. It is the world's largest international metropolitan area.

The Detroit-Windsor area covers the United States counties of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, Wayne, Genesee, Washtenaw and Monroe in Michigan and the Canadian regions of Chatham-Kent, Essex and Lambton counties in Ontario. The region is sometimes defined to also include the greater Toledo area in northwest Ohio, which adjoins Monroe County, Michigan; and the London/Middlesex County area, which adjoins the Ontario counties of Kent and Lambton. Both London and Toledo have ties to Detroit sports, especially in baseball - both cities being home to minor league farm teams of the Detroit Tigers.

Overview

The Detroit-Windsor region is not recognized formally as a single metropolitan area by either the U.S. or Canadian governments. If it were, the region would be the eighth most populous metropolitan area in North America. [http://www.perspective.ca/publishing/pictures/Windsor_2006.pdf] Nevertheless, the communities have been historically tied by several partnerships and agreements, including the Detroit and Windsor Tunnel Corporation, [Detroit & Windsor Tunnel Corporation. [http://www.dwtunnel.com/index.html Home page] (accessed 21 April 2007)] the firm that is owned equally by the City of Detroit and City of Windsor and operates the tunnel. The cities are historically linked through the rise of the auto industry in both countries due to the U.S.-Canadian Auto Pact in the 1960s, and share geo-political concerns affecting transportation and shared resources, such as the Detroit River. [ U.S. Environmental Protection [http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/aoc/detroit.html Agency] Detroit River Area of Concern (accessed 21 April 2007).] Many federal, state and provincial bi-national agreements affecting trade and border security also link the region. Today, increasing governmental co-operation is being formalized. The "Detroit River International Crossing" (DRIC), a bi-national effort made up of Michigan, U.S. and Ontario, Canada officials to recommend the location of a new or expanded crossing of the Detroit River [Detroit River International Crossing. [http://www.partnershipborderstudy.com/ DRIC] (accessed 21 April 2007).] and the joint Royal Canadian Mounted Police and U.S. Coast Guard Shiprider program of marine border security are examples. [ Royal Canadian Mounted Police. [http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/news/2005/n_0522_e.htm#backgrounderShiprider Pilot Project Shiprider] . 12 September 2005. (accessed 21 April 2007).] The increasing interdependence of Detroit-Windsor was recognized by U.S. regional business and government in 2007 when Windsor Mayor Eddie Francis was invited to take part in, and speak at, the annual "Mackinac Policy Conference", a committee of regional business and political leaders, developed to address the economic and quality of life issues that matter most to Southeast Michigan. [ Mackinac Policy Conference. [http://www.detroitchamber.com/MPC/main.asp?content_id=105 Agenda] . Detroit Regional Chamber of Conference. 30 May 2007. (accessed 21 April 2007).]

Economy

announced in March 2007 they were recruiting a thousand new employees for their permanent hotel and casino opening late 2007.

Many people commute across the Detroit-Windsor International border daily. Professions identified in the "1988 Free Trade Act" are permitted TN Visas for legal work in the United States and Canada. As an example, a large number of nurses in Detroit hospitals are Canadians living in Windsor. One of the nation's largest law firms, Miller, Canfield, Paddock and Stone P.L.C., has offices in both Windsor and Detroit. The U.S dollar is readily accepted as currency in Windsor.

A 2004 Border Transportation Partnership study showed that 150,000 jobs in the region and $13 billion in annual production depend on the Detroit-Windsor international border crossing. [ Detroit Regional Chamber (2006) [http://www.detroitchamber.com/detroiter/articles.asp?cid=7&detcid=531 Detroit/Windsor Border Update: Part I-Detroit River International Crossing Study] ] With many new businesses in the suburbs, the region is competitive in emerging technologies including biotechnology, nanotechnology, information technology, cognotechnology, and hydrogen fuel cell development. Incentives to bring more suburban companies to downtown Detroit include a wireless Internet zone, heavy infrastructure, the NextEnergy center, business tax incentives, entertainment, an International Riverfront, and residential high rises.

In June 2008, Detroit and Windsor hosted the Red Bull International Air Races. Together, the cities were one of two North American stops for the tour, the other being San Diego. Over 40,000 tickets were sold in Detroit and over 50,000 in Windsor. The event gathered over 800,000 people to the Detroit River waterfront. The Downtown Windsor Business Association has said it was the most successful festival the city has seen in decades. There are plans to have the races return to the Detroit River in 2009, with Windsor mayor Eddie Francis having recently travelled to London, England to meet with event co-ordinators.

Demographics

Together, the two metropolitan areas have a population of almost 6,000,000 people, with 5.4 millioncite web |url=http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/Estimates%20pages_final.html |title=JULY 1, 2005 POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR METROPOLITAN, MICROPOLITAN, AND COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS (Areas defined by the Office of Management and Budget as of December 2005) |accessdate=2006-12-05 |format= |work= ] in the Detroit area, 375,000 people in Essex County cite web |url=http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CD&Code1=3537&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=essex%20county&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom |title=2001 Community profiles |accessdate=2006-12-05 |format= |work= ] (Windsor), 125,000 in Lambton County (Sarnia), and 110,000 in Chatham-Kent, Ontario.cite web |url=http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CD&Code1=3538&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=lambton%20county&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom= |title=2001 Community profiles |accessdate=2006-12-05 |format= |work= ] It is the largest border region in the world (now that Hong Kong has been returned to China). [cite web |url=http://pistonsjag.tripod.com/city.html |title=Detroit Pistons fan website |accessdate=2007-05-05 |format= |work= ] (Rome, which surrounds Vatican City, is not far behind, however, with some 5,400,000 people living in its metropolitan area.) [http://demo.istat.it/bilmens2006/index.html- ISTAT demographics] The Detroit side contains over one-half of the population of Michigan, whereas Windsor and Sarnia contain only two percent of Ontario's population. An estimated 46 million people, nearly 16% of the U.S. population, live within a 480 km (300 mile) radius of the area, with other metropolitan areas within this radius, such as Toronto, Ontario; Hamilton, Ontario; Buffalo, New York; Cleveland, Ohio; Toledo, Ohio; Columbus, Ohio; Cincinnati, Ohio; Northern Kentucky; Grand Rapids, Michigan; London, Ontario; Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario; Flint, Michigan; Saginaw, Michigan; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Chicago, Illinois. [ [http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/distances.html?n=77 Cities located close to Detroit] ."Time and Date world clock distances." Retrieved on September 2, 2007.]

While about four-fifths of the population of Metro Detroit lives outside the city itself, Windsor has a balanced population between the city of Windsor itself and the rest of Essex County. There are over 50 different communities within Metro Detroit, all ranging in population from the hundreds to the hundreds of thousands. Windsor's CMA, however, has only eight official municipalities (with Windsor being a recent separated municipality), consisting of LaSalle (pop. 25,000), Tecumseh (pop. 25,000), Amherstburg (pop. 20,000), Leamington (pop. 30,000), Kingsville (pop. 20,000), Essex (pop. 20,000), Lakeshore (pop. 30,000), Pelee Island (1,000) and of course Windsor (pop. 226,000). Within each of these municipalities lie several smaller communities that serve as bedroom communities for Windsor's working force. Windsor has recently been given a boost by immigration. However, Detroit itself has less than half of its peak population. [cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027.html |title=Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990 |accessdate=2007-05-05 |format= |work= ]

Photo gallery

ee also

*Ambassador Bridge
*Detroit International Riverfront
*Detroit-Windsor Tunnel
*Golden Horseshoe
*Quebec City-Windsor Corridor
*2020 Summer Olympics
*Windsor-Detroit International Freedom Festival

References

External links

* [http://internationalmetropolis.com/ International Metropolis]
* [http://www.wtcdw.com/ World Trade Center Detroit Windsor]


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