List of state leaders in 1938


List of state leaders in 1938

1937 state leaders - Events of 1938 - 1939 state leaders - State leaders by year-----

See also:
*List of religious leaders in 1938
*List of international organization leaders in 1938

Africa

* Egypt - Farouk I, King of Egypt (1936-1952)
* Liberia - Edwin Barclay, President of Liberia (1930-1944)
*South Africa
**Monarch - George VI, King of South Africa (1936-1952)
** Governor-General - Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-General of South Africa, (1937-1943)
** Prime Minister - Barry Herzog, Prime Minister of South Africa (1924-1939)
* Zanzibar - Sayyid Khalifa bin Harub Al-Busaid, Sultan of Zanzibar (1911-1960)

Asia

*Afghanistan
**Monarch - Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1933-1973)
**Prime Minister - Sardar Mohammad Hashim Khan, Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1929-1946)
* Brunei - Ahmad Tajuddin, Sultan of Brunei (1924–1950)
* Republic of China
** President - Lin Sen, Chairman of the National Government (1932-1943)
** Premier -
**# Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Executive Yuan (1935-1938)
**# H. H. Kung, President of the Executive Yuan (1938-1939)
* India -
**Monarch - George VI, Emperor of India (1936-1947)
**Viceroy - The Marquess of Linlithgow, Viceroy of India (1936-1943)
* Japan -
** Monarch - Showa Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1926-1989)
** Prime Minister - Fumimaro Konoe, Prime Minister of Japan (1937 - 1939)
* Manchukuo - Aisin-Gioro Puyi, Emperor of Manchukuo (1934-1945)
* Oman - Said Bin Taimur, Sultan of Oman (1932-1970)
* Philippines - Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippines (1935-1944)

Australia and Oceania

*Australia -
** Monarch - George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (1936-1952)
** Governor-General -
**#Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Baron of Gowrie, Governor-General of Australia (1936-1952)
**#William Charles Arcedeckne Vanneck, 5th Baron of Huntingfield, (acting) Governor-General of Australia (1938-1938)
** Prime Minister - Joseph Lyons, Prime Minister of Australia (1932-1939)
* New Zealand -
** George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (1936-1952)
** The Viscount Galway, Governor-General of New Zealand (1935-1941)
** Michael Joseph Savage, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1935-1940)
* Tonga
** Monarch - Salote Tupou III, Queen of Tonga (19181965)
** Prime Minister - Viliami Tungi Mailefihi, Prime Minister of Tonga, (19231941)

Europe

* Albania - Zog, King of Albania (1928-1939)
*Austria - incorporated into Germany (Anschluss) in March 1938
**President - Wilhelm Miklas, President of Austria (1928-1938)
**Chancellor -
**#Kurt Schuschnigg, Chancellor of Austria (1934-1938)
**#Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Chancellor of Austria (1938)
* Belgium
**Monarch - Léopold III, King of the Belgians (1934-1951)
**Prime Minister -
**#Paul-Emile Janson, Prime Minister of Belgium (1937-1938)
**#Paul-Henri Spaak, Prime Minister of Belgium (1938-1939)
* Denmark
** Monarch - Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-1947)
** Prime Minister - Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (1929-1942)
* Estonia -
** President-Regent - Konstantin Päts, President-Regent of Estonia (September 3 1937 - April 24 1938)
** President - Konstantin Päts, President of Estonia (April 24 1938 - June 21 1940)
** Prime Minister -
**# Kaarel Eenpalu, acting Prime Minister of Estonia (April 21 1938 - May 9 1938)
**# Kaarel Eenpalu, Prime Minister of Estonia (May 9 1938 - 12 October 1939)
* Finland -
** President - Kyösti Kallio, President of Finland (1937-1940)
** Prime Minister - Aimo Cajander, Prime Minister of Finland (1937-1939)
* Éire (Ireland) -
**Monarch - George VI, King of Ireland (1936-1949)
**President -
**# Presidential Commission, (1937-1938)
**# Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland (1938-1945)
**Prime Minister - Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach (1937-1948)
* France -
**President - Albert Lebrun, President of France (1932-1940)
**Prime Minister -
**# Camille Chautemps, President of the Council (1937-1938)
**# Léon Blum, President of the Council (1938)
**# Édouard Daladier, President of the Council (1938-1940)
* Germany -
**Head of State - Adolf Hitler, Führer (1934-1945)
**Chancellor - Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany (1933-1945)
* Hungary -
**Regent - Miklós Horthy (1920-1944)
**Prime Minister -
**#Kálmán Darányi (1936-1938)
**#Béla Imrédy (1938 - 1939)
* Italy -
**Monarch -Vittorio Emanuele III, King of Italy (1900-1946)
**Prime Minister - Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister of Italy (1922-1943)
* Latvia
**President - Krlis Ulmanis, President of Latvia (1936-1940)
**Prime Minister - Krlis Ulmanis, Prime Minister of Latvia (1934-1940)
*Liechtenstein -
**Monarch -
**#Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein (1929-1938)
**#Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1938-1989)
**Head of Government - Josef Hoop, Head of Government (1928-1945)
* Luxembourg
**Monarch - Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1919-1964)
**Prime Minister - Pierre Dupong, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1937-1953)
* Netherlands -
**Monarch - Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands (1890-1948)
**Prime Minister - Hendrik Colijn, Chairman of the Dutch council of ministers (1925-1926, 1933-1939)
* Poland
**President - Ignacy Mocicki, President of Poland (1926-1939)
**Prime Minister - Felicjan Sawoj-Skadkowski, President of the Council of Ministers (1936-1939)
* Portugal -
**President - António Óscar Carmona, President of Portugal (1926-1951)
**Prime Minister - António de Oliveira Salazar, President of the Council of Ministers (1932-1968)
*"'Romania
**Monarch - Carol II of Romania (1930-1940)
**Prime Minister - Miron Cristea (1938-1939)
*"'Sweden
**Monarch - Gustaf V, King of Sweden (1907-1950)
**Prime Minister - Per Albin Hansson, Prime Minister of Sweden (1936-1946)
* Turkey -
** President -
**# Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, President of Turkey (1923-1938)
**# İsmet İnönü, President of Turkey (1938-1950)
**Prime Minister - Celal Bayar, Prime Minister of Turkey (1937-1939)
* United Kingdom -
**Monarch - George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-1952)
**Prime Minister - Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1937-1940)
*Vatican City
** Pope - Pius XI, Bishop of Rome (1929-1939)
** Secretary of State - Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, Cardinal Secretary of State (1930-1939)

North America and the Caribbean

*Canada
**Monarch - George VI, King of Canada (1936-1952)
** Governor General - Lord Tweedsmuir of Elsfield, Governor General of Canada (1935-1940)
** Prime Minister - William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (1935-1948)
*Costa Rica - León Cortés Castro, President of Costa Rica (19361940)
* Cuba - Federico Laredo Brú, President of Cuba (1936-1940)
* United States - Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States (1933-1945)

outh America

* Argentina -
*# Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-1938)
*# Roberto María Ortiz, President of Argentina (1938-1942)
* Brazil - Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-1945)
* Paraguay - Félix Paiva, President of Paraguay (1937-1939)
* Peru - Oscar R. Benavides, President of Peru (1933-1939)
*Uruguay -
*#Gabriel Terra, President of Uruguay (1931-1938)
*#Alfredo Baldomir, President of Uruguay (1938-1943)
* Venezuela - Eleazar López Contreras, President of Venezuela (1935-1941)


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