Maynooth


Maynooth
Maynooth
Maigh Nuad
—  Town  —
Motto: Crom Abu
Maynooth is located in Ireland
Maynooth
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°22′54″N 6°35′28″W / 53.38157°N 6.59098°W / 53.38157; -6.59098Coordinates: 53°22′54″N 6°35′28″W / 53.38157°N 6.59098°W / 53.38157; -6.59098
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Kildare
Elevation 48 m (157 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 – Total 10,715
Irish Grid Reference N935378
Website maynooth.ie

Maynooth (play /məˈnθ/; Irish: Maigh Nuad) is a town in north County Kildare, Ireland. It is home to a branch of the National University of Ireland, a Papal University and Ireland's main Roman Catholic seminary, St. Patrick's College. Maynooth is also the seat of the Irish Catholic Bishops’ Conference[2] and holds the headquarters of Ireland's largest development charity, Trocaire.[3]

Contents

Location and access

Maynooth is located on the R148 road between Leixlip and Kilcock 25Km West of Dublin City, with the M4 motorway bypassing the town. Other roads connect the town to Celbridge, Clane, and Dunboyne. Maynooth is also on the Dublin to Sligo rail line and is served by a commuter train service.

Etymology

The ancient name of Maynooth means the plain of Nuadhu. Nuadhu is referred to as the maternal grandfather of the legendary Fionn mac Cumhail in the Annals of the Four Masters.

History

Maynooth was a long-term centre for the Geraldine family, who dominated Irish affairs in various periods.

In the 1920s, the town was the unofficial home to the King of England's representative in Ireland, Domhnall Ua Buachalla, who declined to take up official residence in the Viceregal Lodge in the Phoenix Park, and whose family operated a hardware store in the town until 2005, the only store with an Irish language name in the town for many years.

Historical features

The town has, at either end of the main street, Maynooth Castle and Carton House: two former seats of the Dukes of Leinster. The castle was a stronghold of the 16th century historical figure Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare better known as Silken Thomas. The castle was overrun in 1535, after the rebellion of the Earl.

The village is just inside the western edge of The Pale.

The most important historical buildings in the town are those of St. Patrick's College and some of which antedate the foundation of the college, while others are in the late Georgian and neo-Gothic revival style. The "new range" of buildings was erected by A.W.N. Pugin in 1850 under a commission from then college president Laurence F. Renehan, while the College Chapel was designed and completed by James Joseph McCarthy during the presidency of Dr. Robert Browne in 1894.

The famed Conolly's Folly is also near the town, although it is arguably in Celbridge, as it is much closer to it, but is covered by Maynooth's very extensive town boundaries. It was known to be the gateway to the west as the main route from Dublin.

Population

The population of 10,715 (2006 Census[4]) makes it the fifth largest village in Kildare and the 35th largest in the Republic of Ireland. Measurement can be difficult as much of the village's population is transient – students at NUI Maynooth or St. Patrick's College, or temporary employees at the nearby Intel and Hewlett Packard facilities (both located in Leixlip).

Education

St Patrick's College

Two third-level educational institutions--St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, founded under King George III in 1795 to educate Ireland's Roman Catholics, and the National University of Ireland, Maynooth, separated from St. Patrick's College in 1997—are located in the town. They share campus space and many facilities. NUI Maynooth is the only university in the Republic of Ireland not situated in a city. There is one secondary school (Maynooth Post Primary), and four primary schools, a girls' school, a boys' school, an Educate Together school, and an Irish-speaking school.

Amenities

The town contains a fire station, in addition to the area's part time Garda station, a health centre, a branch library and a Credit Union. In the mid-1980s the town gained some minor fame for having the first callcard phones in Ireland.

Economy

Device used as logo for Maynooth village on street signs, tourist information, etc.

The town is the main retail and other service centre for North Kildare and South Meath, with branches of SuperValu, Tesco Ireland, Aldi and Lidl, as well as a wide variety of non-chain stores. In October 2005, Dunnes Stores opened a major shopping centre off the town's main street, Manor Mills. This centre contains a number of other high street names, such as Easons, Elvery's Sports and a Halifax branch. Tesco is open 24 hours, Dunnes Storesalso formerly did so. On 18 January 2007 Tesco Ireland announced plans to demolish its existing store in Maynooth (the same store having been demolished and rebuilt only seven years previously) and build a larger shopping centre, anchored by a Tesco Extra store, on a neighbouring site.[6] The new centre is known as Carton Park, after nearby Carton House. The Tesco Extra portion of the new shopping centre opened on 3 November 2008, with Heatons, Sports World, Next Children and Boots. A number of shops that formed part of the former Maynooth Shopping Centre remain open on the old site.

Transport

Maynooth Harbour by the Train station

Maynooth is on the Royal Canal, navigable from central Dublin to this point, now used mostly for leisure purposes. It provided an important stopping point before Dublin in the period directly before the coming of the railways to Ireland in the first half of the 19th century. The harbour, known locally as Dukes Harbour is roughly triangular in shape and on the north side of the canal, opposite the railway station is a popular fishing area.

Maynooth station is one of the busiest in the Dublin / Kildare region, serving as it does two major educational institutions. The town is the terminus of most Iarnród Éireann Western Commuter, as well as a being served by the Sligo InterCity service. Dublin Bus and Bus Éireann services also serve the town. A number of private operators also serve the town, linking it with nearby towns and cities.

Sport

Golf

  • GUI National Golf Academy is located in Maynooth. It has a driving range, putting green and short game area, as well as lessons.

Rugby

The North Kildare Rugby Club is the local rugby club and is situated about 3 km from Maynooth on the Kilcock road.

Maynooth Native Bob Casey is a professional rugby player and Ireland international. Casey has represented Ireland at Schools, U19, U21, Ireland 'A' and U25 levels. He made his senior debut against Australia in 1999. Casey has six caps for Ireland. When he played for Ireland against Canada in May 2009, it was his first cap since 2000. He Currently Plays for London Irish.

He has also played for the Barbarians.

Gaelic games

Soccer

  • Maynooth Town F.C. is the local soccer club.

Horseracing

Athletics

Le Chéile Athletic Club

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maynooth — Crom Abu Administration Nom irlandais Maigh Nuad Pays Irlande Province Leinster Comté Comté de Kildare …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maynooth — (spr. Mehnußh), Marktflecken in der Grafschaft Kildare der irischen Provinz Leinster, an der Eisenbahn von Dublin nach Galway u. am Königskanal; Fabriken u. ein 1795 gegründetes katholisches Collegium mit 11 Professoren u. 2 Lectoren. Die Zahl… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Maynooth — (spr. menūth), Dorf in der irischen Grafschaft Kildare, am Royalkanal, bekannt durch das dortige katholische Priesterseminar St. Patricks (1795 gegründet), das bedeutendste Irlands, das 1845 das Ministerium Peel zur Einbringung der Maynoothbill… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maynooth — (spr. mehnuhth), Stadt in der irischen Grafsch. Kildare, am Königskanal, (1901) 948 E.; größtes kath. Priesterseminar Irlands (St. Patrick s College), 1795 gegründet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maynooth — (Mehnuhs), irisch er Flecken in Kildare, seit 1845 mit großem kathol. theologischem Collegium, das vom Staate unterhalten wird …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Maynooth — Main Street Maynooth …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maynooth — Maigh Nuad Maynooth Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maynooth — ▪ Ireland       village, County Kildare, Ireland, situated 15 miles (24 km) west of Dublin. Historic remains in the locality include those of a castle built by Gerald FitzMaurice (died 1203) and an early manorial church that has been incorporated …   Universalium

  • Maynooth — Original name in latin Maynooth Name in other language Maigh Nuad, Maynooth State code IE Continent/City Europe/Dublin longitude 53.385 latitude 6.59361 altitude 56 Population 11318 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Maynooth — Sp Meinùtas Ap Maynooth angliškai Ap Magh Nuad airiškai L Airija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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