Schleswig, Schleswig-Holstein


Schleswig, Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig
St. Peter's Cathedral
St. Peter's Cathedral
Coat of arms of Schleswig
Schleswig is located in Germany
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Schleswig
Coordinates 54°31′5″N 9°34′13″E / 54.51806°N 9.57028°E / 54.51806; 9.57028Coordinates: 54°31′5″N 9°34′13″E / 54.51806°N 9.57028°E / 54.51806; 9.57028
Administration
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Schleswig-Flensburg
Mayor Thorsten Dahl
Basic statistics
Area 24.3 km2 (9.4 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m  (3 ft)
Population 24,058 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 990 /km2 (2,564 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SL
Postal code 24837
Area code 04621
Website www.schleswig.de

Schleswig (Danish: Slesvig; South Jutlandic: Sljasvig, archaic English: Sleswick; Low German: Sleswig) is a town in the northeastern part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the capital of the Kreis (district) Schleswig-Flensburg. It has a population of about 27,000, the main industries being leather and food processing. It takes its name from the Schlei, an inlet of the Baltic sea at the end of which it sits, and "vik" or "vig" which means bay in the old Viking language and modern Danish language. Schleswig or Slesvig therefore means bay of the Schlei. (There is also a suggestion that the state's namesake and the term Slesvig originated from a tribe of West Slavs who lived in "Slavsvick" between the 5th century and 10th century AD.)[citation needed]

Contents

Geography

The city lies at the western end of the Schlei Förde, which separates the two peninsulas of Angeln and Schwansen and is on the western edge of the Schleswig-Holstein Uplands on the transition to the Geest country. The urban area ranges from 0 to 20 m above sea level. Brautsee (lake) is in the town.

The nearest major cities are Flensburg, Husum and Kiel. Autobahn 7 runs immediately west of the city. Highways 76 and 77 end in Schleswig and B 201 runs to the north of the town. Schleswig station is a stop for InterCity and Intercity-Express trains and is on the Hamburg–Neumünster–Flensburg and Husum–Kiel lines.

Climate

The climate is humid and maritime. The annual mean temperature is 8°C and rainfall averages 814 mm.

History

Schleswig in 1600

The Viking settlement of Hedeby, located south of the modern town, was first mentioned in 804. It was a powerful settlement in the Baltic region, dominating the area for more than 200 years. In 1050, following several destructions, the population was moved to the opposite shore of the Schlei, becoming the city of Schleswig. In 1066 Hedeby was finally destroyed, and Schleswig remained as a part of the Danish kingdom.[citation needed]

In 1544 Gottorf Castle became the residence of the local rulers. The dukes of Gottorf were vassals of the Danish kings and ruled over much of present day Schleswig-Holstein. In 1721, when the Great Northern War ended, the dukes of Gottorf lost their power and their land became Danish crown land. After the Second Schleswig War (1864), Schleswig was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia.

Sights

Neuwerk garden with the Globushaus and Gottorf Castle in the background

Notable residents

References

External links


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