Infobox German Location
Art = Town
Wappen = Wappen Flensburg.svg
lat_deg = 54 |lat_min = 46 |lat_sec = 55
lon_deg = 09 |lon_min = 26 |lon_sec = 12
Karte = Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Flensburg in Deutschland.png
Bundesland = Schleswig-Holstein
Kreis = urban
Höhe = 12
Fläche = 56.38
Einwohner = 87065
Stand = 2006-04-01
PLZ = 24901–24944
PLZ-alt = 2390
Vorwahl = 0461
Kfz = FL
Gemeindeschlüssel = 01 0 01 000
NUTS = DEF01
LOCODE = DE FLF
Gliederung = 16
Adresse = Rathausplatz 1
Website = [http://www.flensburg.de/ www.flensburg.de]
Bürgermeister = Klaus Tscheuschner
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = Ind
Flensburg (Danish: "Flensborg",
Low Saxon: "Flensborg", North Frisian: "Flansborj") is an independent town in the North of the German state Schleswig-Holstein. Flensburg is the centre of the region Southern Schleswig. After Kieland Lübeckit is the third largest town in Schleswig-Holstein.
The nearest larger towns are
Kiel(86 km south) and Odensein Denmark (92 km northeast).Flensburg's city centre lies about 7 km from the Danish border.
In Germany, Flensburg is known for
* the nationwide database of traffic violators
* its beer "Flensburger Pilsener", also called "Flens"
* the center of the Danish national minority in Germany
* the greeting
* the large erotic mail-order companies "Beate Uhse" and "Orion"
* its handball team SG Flensburg-Handewitt
Flensburg is situated in the north of the German state
Schleswig-Holstein, on the German-Danish border. After Westerlandon Syltit is Germany's northernmost town. Flensburg lies at the innermost tip of the Flensburg Fjord, an inlet of the Baltic Sea. Flensburg's eastern shore is part of the Angelnpeninsula.
Clockwise from the northeast, beginning at the German side of the Flensburg Fjord, the following communities in
Schleswig-Flensburgdistrict and Denmark's Region Syddanmarkall border on Flensburg: Glücksburg(Amt-free town), Wees(Amt Langballig), Maasbüll, Hürup, Tastrupand Freienwill(all in Amt Hürup), Jarplund-Weding, Handewitt(Amt Handewitt), Harrislee(Amt-free community) and Aabenraa Municipalityon the Danish side of the Flensburg Fjord.
The town of Flensburg is divided into 13 communities, which themselves are further divided into 38 statistical areas. Constituent communities have a two-place number and the statistical areas a three-place number.
The communities with their statistical areas:
The Danish minority in Flensburg and the surrounding towns run their own schools, libraries and
In Denmark, Flensburg seems to be mainly associated with its duty-free shops where, amongst other things, spirits,
However, owing to the vagaries of the money markets, the bargains are not as great as they once.
The town council was led for centuries by two mayors, one for the north town (St. Marien) and the other for the south town (St. Nikolai and St. Johannis). The council members and the mayors were chosen by the council itself, that is, retiring officials had their successors named by the remaining councillors in such a way that both halves of the town had as many members. These councillors usually bore the title "Senator".
This "town government" lasted until 1742 when the "northern mayor" was made the "directing mayor" by the Danish King. From this position came what was later known as the First Mayor. The second mayor simply bore the title "mayor" ("Bürgermeister"). After the town had been ceded to Prussia, the mayors were elected by the townsfolk as of 1870, and the First Mayor was given the title "Oberbürgermeister", still the usual title in German towns and cities. During the Third Reich, the town head was appointed by those who held power locally at the time.
In 1945, after the Second World War, a twofold leadership based on a British model was introduced. Heading the town stood foremost the "Oberbürgermeister", who was chosen by town council and whose job was as chairman of council and the municipality. Next to him was an "Oberstadtdirektor" ("Higher Town Director") who was leader of administration. In 1950, when Schleswig-Holstein brought its new laws for municipalities into force, the title "Oberbürgermeister" was transferred (once again) to this latter official. At first, and for a while, he was chosen by council. Since that time, the former official has been called the "Stadtpräsident" ("Town President"), and is likewise chosen by council after each municipal election. However, since 1999, the "Oberbürgermeister" has been chosen directly by the voters as once before.
The first directly elected "Oberbürgermeister" Hermann Stell died on
Coat of arms
Flensburg's coat of arms shows in gold above blue and silver waves rising to the left a six-sided red tower with a blue pointed roof breaking out of which, one above the other are the two lions of Schleswig and Denmark; above is a red shield with the silver Holsatian nettle leaf on it. The town's flag is blue, overlaid with the coat of arms in colour.
The lions symbolize Schleswig, and the nettle leaf Holstein, thus expressing the town's unity with these two historic lands. The tower recalls Flensburg's old town rights and the old castle that was the town's namesake ("Burg" means "castle" in German). The waves refer to the town's position on the Flensburg Fjord.
The coat of arms was granted the town by King Wilhelm II of Prussia in 1901, and once again in modified, newly approved form on
Flensburg maintains partnerships with the following towns:
Economy and infrastructure
West of Flensburg runs the A 7 Autobahn, leading north to the Danish border, whence it continues as
Also west of the town lies the Flensburg-Schäferhaus
Local transport is provided by several
* A.H. Johannsen (Flensburg's last and oldest rum house)
* Flensburger Brauerei Emil Petersen GmbH und Co. KG (brews the famous "Flensburger Bier")
* Orion (erotica wholesale)
* Queisser Pharma GmbH
* Danfoss Compressors GmbH (refrigerator compressors)
* Lufthansa Systems (IT services)
* Flensburger Fahrzeugbau Gesellschaft mbH (vehicles)
In Flensburg, the "Flensburger Tageblatt", from the "Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag" (
Flensburg is home to the following institutions:
*Handwerkskammer Flensburg ("Handicraft Chamber")
*IHK Flensburg ("Chamber of Industry and Trade")
*Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (government office in charge of road traffic)
* Fachhochschule Flensburg, a
* Marineschule Mürwik (naval school), the future officers of the
* Flensburger Volkshochschule (German)
* Voksenundervisningen (Danish)
Also on hand in Flensburg is a complete range of training and professional schools, including a number of Danish ones. Flensburg is home to Schleswig-Holstein's Central State Library, a university library, a town bookshop and the Danish Central Library for South Schleswig. The last named offers not only intensive courses in Danish, but also, with its "Slesvigsk samling" collection, a vast repository of unique material about the border area's history and culture. Flensburg has an extensive town archive. The Danish minority's archive is housed at the Danish Central Library.
Culture and sightseeing
* "Niederdeutsche Bühne der Stadt Flensburg" ("Low German Stage of the city of Flensburg")
* "Det Lille Teater" (Danish theatre)
* "Theaterwerkstatt Pilkentafel" (Theatre Workshop)
Archives and libraries
* Town Archive, very comprehensive collection, at the town hall
* "Dansk Centralbibliotek for Sydslesvig", with archive of the Danish minority and Schleswig book collection
* Town library
* State Central Library and "Zentrale Hochschulbibliothek" (Central College Library)
* "Museumsberg" – Museum for artistic and cultural history.
* "Schifffahrtsmuseum" – Museum for shipping and shipbuilding.
* "Rummuseum" – History of the "Rum Town" of Flensburg.
* "Naturwissenschaftliches Museum" – Animal and plant worlds of northern Schleswig-Holstein.
* "Museumshafen" – Private initiative for maintaining old traditional working boats mainly from the Baltics (Segelschiffe).
* "Museumswerft" – Shipbuilding (sail) of bygone centuries. The place also has a children's boatyard.
* "Fischereimuseum" – Initiative of the fishery association, lies on the old Fischery harbour.
* "Salondampfer "Alexandra" – Passenger Steamer built 1908. The "Alexandra" regularly makes small trips in the Flensburg Förde (Bay)
* "Klassische Yachten Flensburg" – Classic Yacht Harbour. Private Initiative to present classic yachts typical for the Baltics.
* "Gerichtshistorische Sammlung" – a collection of legal history at the Flensburg State Court.
* "Bergmühle" – Association for maintaining the historic windmill from 1792.
* "Johannesburger Heimatstube" – Documents, pictures and writings from East Prussia.
Flensburg has a well preserved Old Town with many things to see from centuries gone by. Characteristic is the row along the waterfront. Three of the four old town cores are found along this north-south axis. The building boom in Imperial times led to a partial rebuilding of the Old Town, but without destroying its structure, and rather leading to notable expansion of the town. Virtually unscathed in the Second World War, Flensburg, like other places in Germany, adopted a policy of getting rid of old buildings and building anew in the style of the times. This trend was limited in Flensburg by a lack of money, but before the policy was finally stopped in the late 1970s, countless old buildings had been demolished in the north and east Old Town to be replaced by newer structures. Despite great losses, Flensburg still comes across as having a compact, well preserved Old Town in the valley with good additions to what was built in the founders' time on the surrounding heights.
*Johanniskirche, town's oldest church, 12th century
*Marienkirche, High Gothic,
*Nikolaikirche, Gothic main church, famous organ design by Hinrich Ringeringk
*Heiliggeistkirche ("Helligåndskirken"), former chapel of the "Hospital zum Heiligen Geist"
*Franziskanerkloster, ruins from 1263
*Many merchants' houses running from the main streets Holm-Große Straße-Norderstraße, the town's greatest architectural attraction
*Südermarkt 9 (market) with the town's oldest house
*Nordermarkt (market) with the "Schrangen" (market hall) and Neptunbrunnen (fountain)
*Rote Straße with nice craftsmen's houses
*Jürgenstraße with the "Gängeviertel" ("Warren Neighbourhood", "ie" with very dense building and narrow streets), former suburb.
*Oluf-Samson-Gang, picturesque lane with little half-timbered houses, Flensburg's historic red light district.
*Row of warehouses
*Scanty ruins of the town wall, at the Nikolaikirche and at the Franciscan monastery
*"Bergmühle" and "Johannismühle" (mills)
*"Hauptbahnhof" (Main Railway Station), completed in 1929
*Town Hall, seventeen-floor cube from 1964, in 1997 totally renovated, popularly known as the "Umzugskarton" ("Moving Carton")
*"Altes Gymnasium", built in 1914, Flensburg's oldest
*West Indies Warehouse
*Gertrudenkirche, church in the Ramsharde (former neighbourhood where Neustadt now stands), folded after the Reformation, graveyard maintained until 1822
*Jürgen-Hospital, abandoned after the Reformation, the new St. Jürgen-Kirche stands there today
*Old Town Hall, 15th century, demolished in 1883
*Government building, appellate court and house of the estates, from 1850 to 1864 political centre of the Duchy of Schleswig, gave way to a department store in 1964
*Speicher Johannisstraße 78 (warehouse), bombed in 1945
* Old Cemetery, parkland with noteworthy grave markers from the 19th century
* "Christiansenspark", remnant of a very big landscape park
* "Volkspark" in the town's east end
* "Marienhölzung" (Danish "Frueskov"), woods in the town's west end
*May/June: "Rumregatta" (yearly)
*May/June: "Danske Årsmøder" (yearly)
* June/December: "Campusfete" (twice yearly)
* June: "Rote-Straße-Fest" (yearly)
*July: "Dampf-Rundum" (every two years)
* July/August: "Flensburger Hofkultur" (yearly summer cultural programme)
*August: "Flensburger Tummelum" (Old Town Festival) (every two years)
*October: "Apfelfahrt des Museumshafen" (yearly)
*October: "Flensburg Shortfilmfestival" (yearly)
*December: Christmas market (yearly)
The town of Flensburg has bestowed honorary citizenship upon the following persons, named here in chronological order:
*1857: Christian Rönnekamp, salesman and shipowner
*1872: Karl von Wrangel, General
*1895: Otto Fürst von Bismarck, Reich Chancellor
*1911: Friedrich Wilhelm Selck, Commercial Councillor
*1917: Heinrich Schuldt, Town Councillor
*1930: Dr. Hermann Bendix Todsen, "Oberbürgermeister"
Sons and daughters of the town
* Johan Lorentz (about 1610–1689), Danish composer.
* "Echt" (popular about 1997–2001), five-man music group.
* "Stina" (1992-), really super cool girl.
* [http://www.flensburg.de/ Flensburg's official website]
* [http://www.flensburg-tourismus.de/2.html?&UL=1&ACT=4&BUILD=6254&STRMVER=4&CAPREQ=0&L=1 Flensburg tourism information]
* [http://www.flensburg-online.de/ Flensburg online]
* [http://www.flensborg-avis.de/ Danish newspaper in Flensburg]
* [http://www.flensburger-tageblatt.de/ German newspaper in Flensburg]
* [http://www.museumsberg.flensburg.de/ Museumsberg Flensburg]
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