Obotrites


Obotrites
Niklot (1090 – 1160) chief of the Obotrite confederacy

The Obotrites (German: Abodriten, Polish: Obodryci), also commonly known as the Obodrites, Abotrites, or Abodrites, were a confederation of medieval West Slavic tribes within the territory of modern Mecklenburg and Holstein in northern Germany (see Polabian Slavs).[1] For decades they were allies of Charlemagne in his wars against Germanic Saxons and Slavic Veleti. In 798 the Obodrites, ruled by prince Drożko, or Draško (Thrasco, orig.), defeated Saxons in the battle on Swentana river. The still heathen Saxons were dispersed by the emperor, and the part of their former land in Holstein north of Elbe was awarded to the Obotrites in 804, as a reward for their victory. This however was soon reverted through an invasion of the Danes.

Contents

History

As allies of the Carolingian kings and the empire of their Ottonian successors, the Obotrites fought from 808 to 1200 against the kings of Denmark, who wished to rule the Baltic region independently of the empire. When opportunities arose, for instance upon the death of an emperor, they would seek to seize power; and in 983 Hamburg was destroyed by the Obotrites under their king, Mstivoj. At times they levied tribute from the Danes and Saxons. Under the leadership of Niklot, they resisted a Christian assault during the Wendish Crusade.

German missionaries such as St Vicelinus converted the Obotrites to Christianity. In 1170 they acknowledged the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire, leading to Germanisation and assimilation over the following centuries. However up to the late 15th century most villagers in the Obotritic area were still speaking Slavic dialects (Polabian language), although subsequently their language changed to German. The Polabian language survived until the beginning of the 19th century in what is now the German state of Lower Saxony.[2]

Some of the Obotrites also migrated to the south and settled in the Pannonian Plain, where the Bodrogiensis county of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary was named after them.

Obotritic confederation tribes

Map of the Billunger Mark (ca. 1000 AD) showing different tribes of the Obotritic confederation

The Bavarian Geographer, an anonymous medieval document compiled in Regensburg in 830, contains a list of the tribes in Central Eastern Europe to the east of the Elbe. The list includes the Nortabtrezi (Obotrites) - with 53 civitates. Adam of Bremen referred to them as the Reregi because of their lucrative trade emporium Reric. In common with other Slavic groups, they were often described by Germanic sources as Wends.

The main tribes of the Obotritic confederation were:[3]

Other tribes associated with the confederation include:

List of Obotrite leaders

The Limes Saxoniae forming the border between the Saxons to the west and the Obotrites to the east
For later rulers please refer toList of Dukes and Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg

This list is a based-on work:[5]

  • Witzlaus I of Obotrites (d. 700)
  • Aribert I of Obotrites (700 - 724)
  • Aribert II of Obotrites (724 - 747)
  • Witzlaus II of Obotrites (747 - 795)
  • Drożko (795 - 808)
  • Slavomir of Obotrites (810 - 819)

Ally of Frankish Empire. In 816 he joined rebellion of the Sorbs. Eventually captured and abandoned by his own people, being replaced by Ceadrag in 818.

  • Ceadrag of Obodrites (Czedrag) (819 - after 826)

Ally of Frankish Empire. He rebelled against the Franks with alliance with the Danes, but later was reconciled with Franks.

  • Selibur
  • Nakon (954 - 966)
  • Mstivoj (966 - 995)
  • Mieceslas III of Obotrites (919 - 999)

In 995 defeated by Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor.

prince of the Slavic Obotrites

See also

Additional information

Notes

  1. ^ Jensen, Carsten Selch (2006). "Abodrites". In Alan V. Murray. The Crusades: An Encyclopedia. 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. pp. 3. OCLC 70122512. http://books.google.com/books?id=6cSXSgAACAAJ. 
  2. ^ Polabian language
  3. ^ Herrmann, 7
  4. ^ Herrmann, 8
  5. ^ Thomas Nugant, The History Of Vandalia on Google Books
  6. ^ Gottschalk at Fabpedigree.com

References

  • Herrmann, Joachim (1970). Die Slawen in Deutschland. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag GmbH.  (German)
  • Turasiewicz A., Dzieje polityczne Obodrzyców od IX wieku do utraty niepodległości w latach 1160 - 1164, Warszawa 2004, ISBN 83-88508-65-2 (Polish)

External links

Works related to Geographus Bavarus at Wikisource


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berno, Apostle of the Obotrites — Berno, Bishop of Schwerin, also known as the Apostle of the Obotrites or Berno of Amelungsborn (d. 14 January 1191) was a pre eminent missionary to the Obotrites in the territory now Mecklenburg, Germany, and the first Bishop of Schwerin. Life… …   Wikipedia

  • Berno (Apostle of the Obotrites) —     Berno     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Berno     (Apostle of the Obotrites), in the latter half of the twelfth century. The Obotrites were one of the Slav tribes known under the common name of Wends, and dwelt along the Baltic in Mecklenburg.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Estrid of the Obotrites — Estrid (or Astrid) of the Obotrites (ca. 979 ndash; 1035), was a Mediavel and Viking age Swedish Queen consort and West Slavic Princess, married to Olof Skötkonung, the King of Sweden, ca. 1000 1022, mother of king Anund Jacob of Sweden and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Estrid des Obotrites — Estrid des Obotrites, (979 1035), reine de Suède, épouse du roi Olof III de Suède. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Précédé par Estrid des Obotrites …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg — Seven section coat of arms of Mecklenburg. Each field symbolises one of the seven high lordly dominions of the state of Mecklenburg: the Duchy of Mecklenburg, the Principalities (formerly Dioceses) of Schwerin and Ratzeburg, the County of… …   Wikipedia

  • Polabian Slavs — is a collective term applied to a number of largely extinct West Slavic tribes who lived along the Elbe, between the Baltic Sea to the north, the Saale [De Vere, 353] and Limes Saxonicus Christiansen, 18] to the west, the Sudetes and Franconia to …   Wikipedia

  • Mecklenburg — For other uses, see Mecklenburg (disambiguation). Mecklenburg, divided between Mecklenburg Schwerin and Mecklenburg Strelitz, from 1866 to 1934. Mecklenburg (Low German: Mękelnborg) is a historical region in northern Germany comprising the… …   Wikipedia

  • Wends — The term Wends ( de. Wenden, Winden, da. Vendere, sv. Vender) is used in Germanic languages for Slavs living near or within Germanic (later German) settlement areas after the migration period. Therefore, this term does not describe a homogeneous… …   Wikipedia

  • Dorothea of Brandenburg — For other uses, see Dorothea of Brandenburg (disambiguation). Dorothea of Brandenburg Queen of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duchess of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Dithmarschen, Countess of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst …   Wikipedia

  • Drożko — For the Slavic ruler of the Narentines, see Drosaico. „Nordliudi contra Thrasuconem, ducem Abodritorum, et Eburisum legatum nostrum conmisso proelio, acie victi sunt. Caesa sunt ex eis in loco proelii quattuor milia, ceteri qui fugerunt et… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.