- Ottonian dynasty
The Ottonian dynasty was a dynasty of Germanic Kings (919-1024), named after its first emperor but also known as the Saxon dynasty after the family's origin. The family itself is also sometimes known as the Liudolfings, after its earliest known member Liudolf and one of its primary leading-names. The Ottonian rulers are also regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, as successors of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty and Charlemagne, who is commonly viewed as the founder of the Holy Roman Empire.
Ruling in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire
Although never Emperor, Henry I the Fowler, Duke of Saxony, was arguably the founder of this imperial dynasty, since his election as German king made it possible for his son, Otto the Great to take on the imperium. Since Otto I most of the German kings were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor. Under the reign of the Ottonian rulers, the kingdom of the Eastern Franks finally became Germany with the conclusion of the unification[clarification needed] of the duchies of Lorraine, Saxony, Franconia, Swabia, Thuringia and Bavaria into one empire. Also the union of Germany with the Holy Roman Empire, which dominated the German history until 1806, began with the coronation of Otto I the Great in Rome in 962. But the projected restoration of the Roman Empire failed already under Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor.
After the extinction of the Ottonian dynasty with the death of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor in 1024 the crown passed to the Salian dynasty. Liutgarde, a daughter of Emperor Otto I had married the Salian Duke Conrad the Red of Lorraine. His great-grandson was Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Ottonian Kings and Emperors:
- Henry I the Fowler, King of the Germans and Duke of Saxony, died 936
- Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Saxony, died 973
- Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor, died 983
- Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, died 1002
- Saint Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, died 1024
Some other famous members of the Liudolfing or Ottonian House:
- Liudolf, Count of Saxony, died 864/866
- Saint Altfrid, Bishop of Hildesheim, died 874
- Otto the Illustrious, Duke of Saxony, died 912
- Gerberga of Saxony, died 954
- Henry I, Duke of Bavaria, died 955
- Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, died 957
- Hedwige of Saxony, died 965
- Bruno I, Archbishop of Cologne and Duke of Lotharingia, died 965
- William, Archbishop of Mainz, died 968
- Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg, died 999
- Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg, died 1044
- Otto, Duke of Swabia and Bavaria, died 982
- Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, the Wrangler, died 995
- Bruno, Bishop of Augsburg, died 1029
- Kings of Germany family tree. The Ottonians were the 3rd dynasty to rule Germany and were related by marriage to all the others.
- Ottonian Renaissance
- Ottonian art
- Ottonian architecture
- Concordat of Worms
- Karl Leyser, "Ottonian Government" The English Historical Review 96.381 (October 1981), pp 721-753.
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