- Cornelius Ryan
Cornelius Ryan, (5 June 1920 – 23 November 1974) was an Irish journalist and author mainly known for his writings on popular military history, especially his World War II books: The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 D-Day (1959), The Last Battle (1966), and A Bridge Too Far (1974).
Ryan was born in Dublin and educated at Synge Street CBS, Portobello. He was an altar boy at St. Kevin's Church, Harrington Street and studied the violin at the Irish Academy of Music in Dublin. Ryan moved to London in 1940, and became a war correspondent for The Daily Telegraph in 1941.
He initially covered the air war in Europe, flew along on fourteen bombing missions with the Eighth and Ninth United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), and then joined General George S. Patton's Third Army and covered its actions until the end of the European war. He transferred to the Pacific theater in 1945, and then to Jerusalem in 1946.
Ryan emigrated to the United States in 1947 to work for TIME, where he reported on the postwar tests of atomic weapons carried out by the United States in the Pacific. He then reported for TIME on the Israeli war in 1948. This was followed by work for other magazines, including Collier's Weekly and Reader's Digest.
He married Kathryn Morgan (1925–1993), a novelist, and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1951.
On a trip to Normandy in 1949 Ryan became interested in telling a more complete story of Operation Overlord than had been produced to date. He began compiling information and conducting over 1000 interviews as he gathered stories from both the Allies and the Germans, as well as the French civilians.
Ryan's 1957 book One Minute to Ditch! is about the successful ocean ditching of a Pan American Boeing 377 Stratocruiser. He had written an article about the ditching for Collier's in their December 21, 1956, issue and then expanded it into the book.
In 1956 he began to write down his World War II notes for The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 D-Day, which tells the story of the D-Day Invasion of Normandy, published three years later in 1959. It was an instant success, and Ryan helped in the writing of the screenplay for the film of the same name. Darryl F. Zanuck paid the author $175,000 for the screen rights to the book.
His next work was The Last Battle (1966), about the Battle of Berlin. The book contains detailed accounts from all perspectives: civilian, American, British, Russian and German. It deals with the fraught military and political situation in the spring of 1945, when the forces of the western allies and the Soviet Union contended for the chance to liberate Berlin and to carve up the remains of Germany.
This work was followed by A Bridge Too Far (1974), which tells the story of Operation Market Garden, the ill-fated assault by allied airborne forces on the Netherlands culminating in the Battle of Arnhem. This work was also made into a major motion picture of the same name.
Ryan was awarded the French Legion of Honor, and an honorary Doctor of Literature degree from Ohio University, where the Cornelius Ryan Collection is housed (Alden Library). He was diagnosed with cancer in 1970, and struggled to finish A Bridge Too Far during his illness. He died in Manhattan, while on tour promoting the book, A Bridge Too Far, only two months after publication.
Four years after his death, Ryan's struggle with cancer was detailed in A Private Battle, written by his wife, from notes he had secretly left behind for that purpose. He is buried in the Ridgebury Cemetery in northern Ridgefield, Connecticut.
- 1946. - Star-Spangled Mikado. - with Franko Kelley. - New York, New York:: R.M. McBride. OCLC 1142015
- 1950. - MacArthur: Man of Action. - with Frank Kelley. - Garden City, New York: Doubleday. - OCLC: 1516843
- 1957. - One Minute to Ditch!. - New York: Ballantine Books. - OCLC 24116050
- 1959. - The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 D-Day. - Greenwich, Connecticut: Fawcett Publications. ISBN 0671622285
- 1966. - The Last Battle. - New York, New York: Simon and Schuster. - ISBN 0450044335
- 1974. - A Bridge Too Far. - New York, New York: Simon and Schuster. - ISBN 0671217925
- 1979. - A Private Battle. - Posthumously with Kathryn Morgan Ryan. - New York, New York:: Simon and Schuster. - ISBN 0671225944
- ^ a b c d e f Milestones. - TIME. - December 9, 1974. - Retrieved: 2008-06-22
- ^ Cornelius Ryan: Life. - Princess Grace Irish Library (Monaco). - Retrieved: September 23, 2007.
- ^ Ryan, Cornelius, (1957). - One Minute to Ditch!. - New York: Ballentine. 158 pages.
- ^ Ryan, Cornelius. - "One Minute to Ditch!". - Collier's Weekly. - December 21, 1956.
- ^ "Operation Overblown". - TIME. - October 19, 1962. - Retrieved: 2008-06-23
- Cornelius Ryan Collection of World War II Papers - Ohio University Libraries
- The Reporter Who Time Forgot by Michael Shapiro, Columbia Journalism Review
Bancarella Prize winnersErnest Hemingway (1953) · Giovannino Guareschi (1954) · Hervé Le Boterf (1955) · Hanh Suyn (1956) · Werner Keller (1957) · Boris Pasternak (1958) · Heinrich Gerlac (1959) · Bonaventura Tecchi (1960) · André Schwarz Bart (1961) · Cornelius Ryan (1962) · Caccia Dominioni (1963) · Giulio Bedeschi (1964) · Luigi Preti (1965) · Vincenzo Pappalettera (1966) · Indro Montanelli (1967) · Isaac Bashevis Singer (1968) · Peter Colosimo (1969) · Oriana Fallaci (1970) · Enzo Biagi (1971) · Alberto Bevilacqua (1972) · Roberto Gervaso (1973) · Giuseppe Berto (1974) · Susanna Agnelli (1975) · Carlo Cassola (1976) · Giorgio Saviane (1977) · Alex Haley (1978) · Massimo Grillandi (1979) · Maurice Denuziere (1980) · Sergio Zavoli (1981) · Gary Jennings (1982) · Renato Barneschi (1983) · Luciano De Crescenzo (1984) · Giulio Andreotti (1985) · Pasquale Festa Campanile (1986) · Enzo Biagi (1987) · Cesare Marchi (1988) · Umberto Eco (1989) · Vittorio Sgarbi (1990) · Antonio Spinosa (1991) · Alberto Bevilacqua (1992) · Carmen Covito (1993) · John Grisham (1994) · Jostein Gaarder (1995) · Stefano Zecchi (1996) · Giampaolo Pansa (1997) · Paco Ignacio Taibo (1998) · Ken Follett (1999) · Michael Connelly (2000) · Andrea Camilleri (2001) · Federico Audisio (2002) · Alessandra Appiano (2003) · Bruno Vespa (2004) · Gianrico Carofiglio (2005) · Andrea Vitali (2006) · Frank Schätzing (2007) · Valerio Massimo Manfredi (2008)
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