Market Bosworth


Market Bosworth

Coordinates: 52°37′26″N 1°24′06″W / 52.6239°N 1.4017°W / 52.6239; -1.4017

Market Bosworth
Market Bosworth is located in Leicestershire
Market Bosworth

 Market Bosworth shown within Leicestershire
Population 1,906 Census 2001
OS grid reference SK4003
District Hinckley and Bosworth
Shire county Leicestershire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NUNEATON
Postcode district CV13
Dialling code 01455
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Bosworth
List of places: UK • England • Leicestershire

Market Bosworth is a small market town and civil parish in Leicestershire, England. It formerly formed a district known as the Market Bosworth Rural District. In 1974 it merged with the Hinckley Rural District to form a new district named Hinckley and Bosworth. At the time of the 2001 Census, the parish, including Far Coton, held a total population of 1,906.[1]

Contents

History

Building work at the old Cattle Market and other sites have revealed evidence of settlement on the hill since the Bronze Age.[2] Remains of a Roman villa have been found on the east side of Barton Road. Bosworth as an Anglo-Saxon village dates from the 8th century.

Prior to the Norman Conquest of 1066, there were two manors at Bosworth one belonging to an Anglo-Saxon knight named Fernot, and some sokemen.[3] Following the Norman conquest, as recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, both the Anglo-Saxon manors and the village were part of the lands awarded by William the Conqueror to a Count of Meulan from Normandy, Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester. Subsequently the village passed as a marriage dowry to the English branch of the French House of Harcourt.

King Edward I gave a royal charter to Sir William Harcourt allowing a market to be held every Wednesday. The village took the name Market Bosworth from 12 May 1285, and on this day became a "Town" by common definition. The two oldest buildings in Bosworth, St. Peter's church and the Red Lion pub, were built during the 14th Century.

The Battle of Bosworth took place to south of the town in 1485 as the final battle in the Wars of the Roses between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. In 1509 the manor passed from the Harcourts to the Grey family.

In 1554, following the beheading of Lady Jane Grey, the manor of Bosworth was among lands confiscated in the name of Mary I of England and her husband Philip II of Spain. They awarded the manor to the Catholic nobleman Edward Hastings. In 1567, his heirs sold it to Sir Wolstan Dixie, Lord Mayor of London, who never lived in Bosworth. The first Dixie to live in Bosworth was his grand-nephew, Sir Wolstan Dixie of Appleby Magna, who moved to the town in 1608. He started construction of a manor house and park, as well as establishing the free Dixie Grammar School. The modern hall, Bosworth Hall, was the work of Sir Beaumont Dixie, 2nd Baronet (1629–1692).

In 1885 the 11th Baronet 'Beau' Dixie was forced to auction Bosworth Hall to pay his gambling debts. It was bought by Lady Agnes Tollemache, whose husband Charles Tollemache Scott enlarged the estate, planted woodlands and rebuilt the lodges and farms.[4] Lady Agnes' daughter sold the estate in 1913.

The War Memorial in the town square honors 19 local men who died in the First World War, and 11 men dead in the Second World War.[5]

Famous Bosworthians

This listing includes people born, educated, or having lived in Market Bosworth.

See also the Category listing People from Hinckley and Bosworth (district) on the page footer of individual entries
  • Robert de Harcourt (b.Bosworth 1152-1202) - first of the Harcourt family of Stanton Harcourt.
  • William Bradshaw (1571–1618) - Puritan.
  • Thomas Hooker (b. Markfield 1586–1647) - Puritan, founder of Connecticut
  • Sir Wolstan Dixie of Market Bosworth (1597–1630), founder of the grammar school.
  • Sir Wolstan Dixie, 4th Baronet (1700–1767) - Most colourful of the 13 Dixie Baronets
  • Samuel Johnson - in 1732 worked at the Dixie Grammar after leaving studies at Oxford because of debt, but left after four months, unable to bear the "boorish" 4th Baronet.
  • Richard Dawes (1708–1766) - Latin scholar.
  • Thomas Simpson (1710–1760) - mathematician.
  • Rev. Arthur Benoni Evans (1781–1854) - scholar, headmaster of the Dixie Grammar.
  • Anne Evans (1820-1870) - his daughter, poet and composer.
  • Sir John Evans (b. Burnham 1823–1908) - his son, treasurer of the Royal Society.
  • Sebastian Evans (b. Market Bosworth, 1830-1909) - poet. Revised his father's book ‘Leicestershire Words, Phrases, and Proverbs,’ (1848, 1881).[6]
  • Dr. John Charles Bucknill (b. Market Bosworth 1817-1897) - asylum reformer, psychiatrist.
  • Lady Florence Dixie (1855–1905) - travel writer, war correspondent, and feminist.
  • Cliff Price (1900-unknown) - footballer for Southampton F.C. in the 1920s.
  • Andy Morrell (b.1974) - footballer.
  • James Holden (b.1979) - DJ.

Community

The town entered into the Britain in Bloom competition on the 500th anniversary of the battle in 1985. Floral decorations were displayed around the town. The success of this entry caused the formation of the "Bosworth in Bloom Committee", to prepare for more displays.[7]

Facilities and places of interest

The market square located in the centre of the village is surrounded by amenities, including various small independent shops, a bank and a post office. A regular market takes place on Wednesdays. The village also has three schools; The Market Bosworth Primary and Junior School, the Market Bosworth High School, and the private Dixie Grammar School. As well as three churches; Anglican,[8] Catholic and Free Church, a fire station, and a hotel.

There are four main pubs within the village; The Black Horse - which has recently[when?] been renovated and serves high quality food. The Dixie Arms Hotel - a Marston's pub that also has an Italian pizzeria. And the Red Lion - Bosworth's oldest building, which occasionally hosts a real ale festival. There are two take-aways; The Batter of Bosworth, which has won many awards for cleanliness, quality and service. Several customers have been so impressed with the chips that they have decided to have them supply the food at their weddings. And, next door, Tin Tin, a Cantonese takeway. Next to the take-aways is the village's fourth pub, the King William IV.[9]

Market Bosworth Country Park[10] and a water trust[11] offer outside recreation, and the village is currently having a golf course built in the surrounding fields. The site of the Battle of Bosworth[12] is just a few minutes South of the town. Going out of Bosworth westwards on the B585, the steam Battlefield Line Railway runs at weekends from Shackerstone, not stopping opposite the old Market Bosworth station (now a garage) to Shenton. The Ashby Canal runs adjacent to the railway.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Market Bosworth — Market Bosworth, engl. Stadt, s. Bosworth …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Market Bosworth — 52° 37′ 26″ N 1° 24′ 06″ W / 52.6239, 1.4017 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Market Bosworth — Original name in latin Market Bosworth Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.62428 latitude 1.40174 altitude 134 Population 1948 Date 2010 05 24 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Market Bosworth RFC — Full name Market Bosworth Rugby Football Club Union Rugby Football Union Location Market Bosworth, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England …   Wikipedia

  • Market Bosworth railway station — Market Bosworth …   Wikipedia

  • Market Bosworth High School — Established c.1969 Type Secondary Headteacher Mr John Hemingway Location Station Road Market Bosworth Leicestershire CV13 OJT …   Wikipedia

  • Market Bosworth Country Park — is to the east of Market Bosworth town. Coordinates: 52°37′28.88″N 1°23′35.15″W /  …   Wikipedia

  • Market Bosworth Rural District — The rural district of Market Bosworth existed from 1894 to 1974 in Leicestershire, England. It was named after Market Bosworth, and was created under the Local Government Act 1894, based on the Market Bosworth rural sanitary district, and that… …   Wikipedia

  • Bosworth Hall — is a historic country house in the rural town of Market Bosworth in Leicestershire, England, now known as the Bosworth Hall Hotel. It was the country seat of the Dixie family (Baronets of Bosworth) for nearly three hundred years. Since the 1980s… …   Wikipedia

  • Bosworth — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Brian Bosworth (* 1965), US amerikanischer Footballspieler Fred Francis Bosworth (1877–1958), US amerikanischer Heilungsevangelist Hobart Bosworth (1867–1943), US amerikanischer Schauspieler und Produzent… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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