- Burnham, Buckinghamshire
infobox UK place
country = England
region= South East England
postcode_district = SL
population= 11,512 [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=792134&c=Burnham&d=16&e=15&g=424848&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1215979026093&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Neighbourhood Statistics 2001 Census] ]
Burnham lies north of the
River Thames, and sits on the border with Berkshire, between the towns of Maidenheadand Slough. It is served by Burnham railway station in the west of Slough on the main line between Londonand Reading, Berkshire. The M4 motorwaypasses through the south of the parish.
The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'homestead on a
stream'. It was first recorded in the Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Burneham", when the manor belonged to "Walter Fitz-Other".
Burnham was once a very important village. The road from
Londonto Bath (now the A4) passed through the extensive parishof Burnham and as a result, in 1271, it received a Royal charterto hold a market and an annual fair. However, when the bridge crossing the Thames in Maidenhead opened the road was diverted away from Burnham, which fell into relative decay. The market was then transferred to Maidenhead.
Today the village is contiguous with Slough due to urban spread, though it retains some of its own character. Although the
civil parishhas a population of around 11,500, Burnham's residents usually continue to consider Burnham to be a village.
In 1265 a
Benedictine abbeywas founded near the village by Richard, King of the Romans. This was, however, disbanded by King Henry VIII in the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Since 1916, a contemplative order of Anglican Augustinian nunshas been based in the restored remains of the original abbey.
Burnham parish church is dedicated to St Peter. The current building dates in part from the twelfth century but has been substantially expanded, refurbished and altered, with major restorations in 1863-4 and 1891 and the construction of the Cornerstone Centre in 1986. [ [http://www.stpetersburnham.org/history.asp St. Peter's Church Burnham – a brief history] ]
Burnham Beechesis an area of 540 acres of protected ancient woodland, and sits just north of the village. Dorneywoodlies within the parish.
The parish of Burnham once included the hamlets of
Boveney, Cippenham, Britwelland East Burnham, though these are now separate communities in their own right. Burnham Grammar Schooland Burnham Upper Schoolprovide secondary education to the children of Burnham and the surrounding area. Many students, however, commute to the nearby secondary schools in Sloughfact|date=June 2008. Priory School is the largest primary school in the area and provides primary education for many of the local childrenfact|date=June 2008
Burnham is the home of Burnham Football Club.
Owing to its proximity to Pinewood Film & TV Studios, Burnham and its surrounding areas (in particular Burnham Beeches) feature in numerous films, notably a number of the
Carry On filmsfrom the 1960s and 70s.
*Mike Ashley – billionaire businessman
Susan Cooper– author
Tracey Ullman– comedienne[ [http://www.unionsquaremusic.co.uk/titlev4.php?ALBUM_ID=85&LABEL_ID=3 Tracey Ullman biography on album webpage – 'The Best of Tracey Ullman'] ]
* [http://www.burnhambucks.co.uk/ Burnham Bucks community Website]
* [http://www.burnhamparish.gov.uk/ Parish Council Website]
* [http://www.stpetersburnham.org/ Parish Church Website]
* [http://www.burnhamabbey.org/ Society of the Precious Blood at Burnham Abbey]
Notes and References
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