Britain in Bloom

Britain in Bloom

RHS Britain in Bloom, supported by Anglian Home Improvements, is the largest horticultural campaign in the United Kingdom. It was first held in 1963, initiated by the British Tourist Board based on the example set by Fleurissement de France.[1] It has been organised by the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) since 2002. In January 2011 Anglian Home Improvements announced their three year sponsorship of the campaign.

The competition is entered by the communities of towns, villages and cities. Different categories exist for various sizes of settlements. Groups are assessed for their achievements in three core pillars: Horticultural Excellence; Environmental Responsibility; and Community Participation.

Over 1,000 communities around the UK enter each year, participating in their local region's "in Bloom" campaign. From these regional competitions, roughly 70 communities are selected to enter the national Finals of RHS Britain in Bloom.

It is a popular campaign, estimated to involve more than 200,000 volunteers in cleaning up and greening up their local area.[2]

Since 2002, the awards have been based on the Royal Horticultural Society's medal standards of Gold, Silver Gilt, Silver and Bronze;[3] the winner is the settlement judged to have most successfully met the rigorous judging criteria. Judging at the regional stage takes place around June/ July; judging for the national stage takes place in August. The results for the UK Finals are announced in September/ October. The competition covers the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.

Floral displays play an important part in the contest, but the "Bloom" title is now, perhaps, misleading: in recent years the competition has increasingly assessed how all sectors of the local community are managing their local environment.

In 2006, the RHS introduced the Neighbourhood Awards (now the It's Your Neighbourhood campaign), a grassroots sister campaign to Bloom, supporting smaller, volunteer-led community groups focused on improving their immediate environment.



The history of the 'Bloom', as it is colloquially referred to,[4] began in 1963 when Roy Hay MBE, a horticultural journalist, went on holiday to France during the Fleurissement de France and was enthralled by seeing the country "filled to overflowing with flowers, shrubs and trees all in full bloom". His enquiries revealed that President de Gaulle had given orders to brighten up the country and the French Tourist Authority had set up the Fleurissement de France in 1959 (now called Concours des villes et villages fleuris). Hay was so impressed that he approached the British Tourist Authority ("BTA"), and he and Len Lickorish, then Director General of the BTA, set up a committee to run a British version, "Britain in Bloom". It was piloted by the British Tourist Authority in 1963 (Lewisham being part of that pilot[5]), and went national in 1964.

Many organisations were invited to help, including: The Automobile Association; London Tourist Board; National Farmers' Union; London Parks; Institute of Parks and Recreation Administration; National Association of Rural Communities; Royal Horticultural Society; Royal Automobile Club; The Tourist Boards of England, Scotland and Wales; The National Federation of Women's Institutes; Civic Trust; Keep Britain Tidy Group; the Flowers and Plants Council; The Horticultural Trades Association; The British Hotels and Restaurants Association; The Society of Town Clerks; Townswomen's Guild and British Airways. Despite this impressive list, Roy Hay later reflected that the initial reaction of the horticultural trade and local authorities was lukewarm.[4]

Nevertheless, regional committees were quickly formed, and in 1964 Bath became the first national winner. From 1964 to 1969 inclusive there was an overall national winner. From 1970, however, the competition was divided up into a range of categories, because of the difficulty of comparing settlements of different sizes fairly.[4]

The British Tourist Authority managed the competition until 1983 when the Government Department sponsoring the BTA felt that it should relinquish the responsibility. The Tidy Britain Group (the group responsible for the Keep Britain Tidy campaign, now known as EnCams) took over; it already had a long association with the competition. To mark the changeover, 1983 was celebrated as "Beautiful Britain in Bloom Year".[4] Sir Lawrie Barratt of Barratt Developments expressed his support to the Tidy Britain Group for the competition and provided sponsorship until 1989.

More categories and awards were added, in part reflecting a greater range of settlements, but also to recognise other elements of horticulture, including landscaping, and also to recognise the strenuous efforts to beautify the urban areas of the larger cities. McDonalds began sponsoring the competition from 1990, which led to focus on littering behaviour and the implementation of a Children's Painting Competition Calendar.[4] In 2001, the event was organised jointly by EnCams and the Royal Horticultural Society, and from November 2001 the RHS took full control as the organising body of Britain in Bloom.[6]

Year Organising Body Main Sponsor
1964 to 1982 British Tourist Authority No main sponsor
1983 to 1989 Tidy Britain Group Barratt Developments
1990 to TBC Tidy Britain Group McDonalds
2001 Tidy Britain Group & Royal Horticultural Society TBC
2002 to 2003 Royal Horticultural Society B&Q (from 2003)[7]
2004 to 2006 Royal Horticultural Society B&Q
2007 to 2009 Royal Horticultural Society Shredded Wheat
2011 to present Royal Horticultural Society Anglian Home Improvements


An emblem on the side of an Arriva bus, celebrating Horsham's 2007 victory in the Small City/Large Town category

The competition currently has twelve entry categories, most of which are determined by population size. Within each category, similarly sized communities compete across a spectrum of horticultural endeavour, community participation and environmental responsibility, which includes dealing with issues of litter, graffiti and vandalism.[6]

  • Category A
    • Small Village
    • Village
    • Large Village
  • Category B
    • Small Town
    • Town
    • Large Town
  • Category C
    • Small City
    • City
    • Large City
  • Category D
    • Urban Community
  • Category E
    • Small Coastal
    • Large Coastal


RHS Britain in Bloom encompasses 18 Regions/ Nations (12 English regions, as well as Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey).

Judging takes place over two years in two stages:

  1. Regional competition: Entries are first submitted by voluntary local 'Bloom' Committees, depending upon the area, to Local Authorities, Town or Parish Councils. These communities take part in their regional competition, for example South West in Bloom. The local volunteers are colloquially known as "bloomers".[8] Judging takes place in June/July, and winners are announced during local presentations between August and November.
  1. UK-wide: After the judging of the regional stage, Committees representing their nation/region select entrants for the second UK-wide stage. To ensure that effort is sustained over time, this second stage of judging takes place in August the year after they qualify. Winners of the UK judging are announced at a prestigious ceremony in September/October.[9]

National winners

Details to 1990 from Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)[10]

Winner Known
Category Dormant
Category Not Created/No longer exists
Winner unknown/Not known if category exists
Year Champion of Champions[11] Large City City Small City / Large Town Town Small Town Small Country Town Large Village Village Small Village Urban Regeneration Urban Community Coastal Resort
Small City: (35K–100K) Large Town: (12K–35K) Coastal Resort A (small) Coastal Resort B (large)
2011 Cricklade Bristol Stockton-on-Tees Derry Glenrothes Rustington St Martin, Guernsey Broughshane Luddenden Loughgall Uddingston Whitby Cleethorpes
2010 Falkland Sunderland Tameside Crawley Perth City of London Garstang Comrie Norton in Hales Stanghow and Wolfscastle Beighton, Sheffield North Berwick Scarborough, North Yorkshire
2009 Falkland London Borough of Croydon Stockton-on-Tees Harrogate Wisbech Thornbury Pitlochry Broughshane, (Northern Ireland) Chipping, Lancashire Tarrington Village Birmingham City Centre St Brelade, Jersey Cleethorpes
2008[12] Nottingham Sheffield Solihull Taunton Perth Forres Cricklade Falkland, (Scotland) Earsdon Ravenfield Chapelfield, Norwich Clifton Village, Bristol Herm, Guernsey Exmouth
2007[13] Broughshane, (Northern Ireland) Nottingham, (East Midlands) Stockton-on-Tees, (County Durham) Horsham, (South East England) Bury St Edmunds, (Anglia) Oakham, (East Midlands) Grouville, (Jersey) Comrie, (Scotland) Darley, (Yorkshire) Nominations but No Winners St Philip's & St Paul's Floral Trail, (Heart of England) Uddingston, (Scotland) Cleethorpes, (East Midlands)
2006 Alness, (Scotland) No Nominations Aberdeen, (Scotland) Shrewsbury, (Heart of England) Perth, (Scotland) Brightlingsea, (Anglia) St Martin's Parish, (Guernsey) Broughshane, (Northern Ireland) Norton in Hales, (Heart of England) Ravenfield Seedley and Langworthy, (North West England) Starbeck, (Yorkshire) Scarborough, (Yorkshire)
2005 Cardiff Derry Newcastle-under-Lyme Durham Hexham Garstang Usk Heysham Bray St Philip's & St Paul's Floral Trail, Birmingham Spondon in Derby Sidmouth
2004 Stockport Derby Bath Perth Ilkley Alness Broughshane Appleton Wiske Sorn Coventry City Centre Dyce St Ives and Carbis Bay Bridlington
2003 Nottingham Cheltenham Harrogate Barnstaple Ledbury Pitlochry Darley Dale Drumnadrochit Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed The Mumbles Filey Eastbourne
2002 Bournemouth Oxford Perth Bridgnorth Alness Garstang Broughshane Filby Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Blackley Herm Southport
2001 Nottingham Bath/Durham St. Helier (Jersey) Dungannon Sidmouth Pitlochry Comrie Thorpe Salvin Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Port Sunlight Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
2000 Sunderland Unknown. To be confirmed Perth Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Pateley Bridge & Bewerley Bampton Unknown. To be confirmed Scarva Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1999 Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Barnstaple Forres Pitlochry Broughshane Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1998 Unknown. To be confirmed Woking Perth Unknown. To be confirmed Alness Waringstown Bampton Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1997 Nottingham Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Barnstaple Moira Unknown. To be confirmed Broughshane Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1996 Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1995 Unknown. To be confirmed Bath Perth Barnstaple Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1994 Unknown. To be confirmed Bath Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1993 Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Perth Unknown. To be confirmed Moira Unknown. To be confirmed Broughshane &
Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1992 Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Harrogate Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Saintfield Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1991 Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Guildford Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Bampton Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed Unknown. To be confirmed
1990 Westminster Bath Whickham Ilkley Moira Saintfield Catcott Walbottle
1989 Oxford Telford Falkirk Forres Bampton St. Florence
1988 Cardiff Cheltenham Bury Kelso Market Bosworth Llandinam
1987 Aberdeen Douglas, Isle of Man Stratford upon Avon Lympstone Lund
1986 Shrewsbury Harrogate Forres Usk Sampford Courtenay
1985 Cheltenham Crewe &
Moira Lympstone Lund
1984 Bath Whickham Sidmouth Pateley Bridge with Bewerley Sampford Courtenay
1983 Swansea Harrogate Kelso Lympstone
1982 Middlesbrough Eastbourne Forres Lund
1981 Bath Harrogate Sidmouth Pateley Bridge with Bewerley &
St. John's Town of Dalry
1980 Exeter Douglas, Isle of Man Ryton Killingworth
1979 Aberdeen Harrogate Falmouth &
St Andrews
1978 Bath Douglas, Isle of Man Sidmouth Aberdovey &
1977 Aberdeen Harrogate Wolviston
1976 Bath Harrogate Bampton
1975 Bath Sidmouth Clovelly
1974 Aberdeen &
City of London
Shrewsbury Clovelly
1973 Aberdeen Bridlington &
1972 Bath and
Ayr Chagford
1971 Aberdeen Falmouth, Cornwall Abington
1970 Aberdeen Falmouth, Cornwall Abington
1969 Aberdeen
Overall National Winners
1968 Bath
Overall National Winners
1967 City of London
Overall National Winners
1966 Exeter &
Joint Overall National Winners
1965 Aberdeen
Overall National Winners
1964 Bath
Overall National Winners

Subsequent competitions

From the winners and finalists of RHS Britain in Bloom, entries are picked to represent Britain in international competitions such as the Entente Florale.[14]

Discretionary awards

(Definition Source) (Definition Source)

  • The Britain in Bloom Floral Award / previously The Asmer Trophy: Presented to the finalist that demonstrates the best floral displays throughout the entry.
  • The Sustainable Landscaping Award (from 2010) / previously The Permanent Landscaping Award / Beautiful Britain Award(from 1983)/Landscape Development Trophy(to 1983): Presented to the finalist that demonstrates innovative and high quality sustainable landscaping within their entry.
  • The Community Award (from 2002) : Presented to the finalist deemed to have best demonstrated that community involvement in their local “in Bloom” campaign is representative of all sectors of the community.
  • The Bob Hare Award(from 1980–1990) : Presented for outstanding contribution to their community's Britain in Bloom effort in any sector
  • Commercial Award / Gordon Ford Trophy: Presented to the finalist that demonstrates the best environmental and/or horticultural contribution from business / retail / corporate interests. Originally presented by Gordon Ford.
  • Environmental Quality Award / previously Tidy Britain Group Trophy / Keep Britain Tidy Trophy / The Keep Britain Tidy Award: Presented to the finalist that best demonstrates duty and commitment to any one or more of the following: cleanliness, effective use of resources and maintenance of hard landscaping and street furniture.
  • Tourism Award: Presented to the finalist that demonstrates the most effective use of their local “in Bloom” initiatives as a means of encouraging and supporting tourism in their area.
  • Best Public Park Award: Given in Memory of David Welch. Presented to the park (including publicly run pay-on-entry parks and gardens) designed for horticultural excellence, giving delight to the visitor through appropriate planting, high standards of maintenance, including infrastructure, conserving wildlife, cleanliness and features of interest.
  • Conservation and Wildlife Award / previously The Going for Green Trophy: Presented to the finalist that best demonstrates commitment to sustainable development, including management of the flora and fauna in their local environment.
  • Individual Citations: individuals are sometimes cited for their individual contributions to the year's Britain in Bloom
  • Outstanding Contribution / previously The Moran Memorial Award: Presented to one individual judges consider to have made outstanding efforts towards the success and promotion of Britain in Bloom.
  • Best Inner City / Barratt Inner City Trophy: for the best effort in inner city areas
  • Young People's Award (from 2008) : Presented to the finalist deemed to involve young people from across the community in the best way.
Year The Britain in Bloom Floral Award / The Asmer Trophy The Sustainable Landscaping Award / Beautiful Britain Award / Landscape Development Trophy The Community Award / 1980 - 1990: The Bob Hare Award Commercial Award / Gordon Ford Trophy Environmental Quality Award/ Tidy Britain Group Trophy / The Keep Britain Tidy Trophy Tourism Award Best Public Park Award Conservation and Wildlife Award/ The Going for Green Trophy Outstanding Contribution/ The Moran Memorial Award Best Inner City / Barratt Inner City Trophy Young People's Award
2010 Coleraine City of London Crawley Beighton, Sheffield Tameside Harrogate Bristol Zoo Solihull Ken Powles & Susan Smith Douglas, Isle of Man
2009 Rustington Bangor - Bangor Walled Garden Earsdon St. Brelade’s Bay Hotel St Andrew’s, Scotland Chipping, Lancashire Harrogate - Valley Gardens Farthing Downs and New Hill, London Borough of Croydon Vic Verrier Falkland
2008 Perth Sheffield Cricklade Ocean Road, South Shields Sheffield Douglas, Isle of Man Ravelin Park South Sea North Meadow, Cricklade Terry Bane Applegrove School, Forres
2007 Grouville Bury St. Edmunds & Abbots Green School Nottingham White Rose shopping centre, Beeston Duffus & North Berwick Cleethorpes Mount Edgcumbe Park Plymouth Cardiff Bay Christel MacIntosh, Alness
2006 Shrewsbury St. Helier - Waterfront Falkland Taylors of Harrogate, Starbeck Norton in Hales Scarborough Greyfriars Green Coventry Durlston Country Park, Swanage Clifford Prout, Old Colwyn
2005 Nottingham North Berwick The Friends of Norwich in Bloom Fareham Memorial Gardens Manchester City Centre Hexham University Park Nottingham Rottingdean Jeanette Warke, Londonderry
2004 Perth Sheffield - Peace Garden Seedley and Langworthy(Salford) Bracknell Flowers, Bracknell Market Bosworth Falkland Jephson Gardens Royal Leamington Spa Tilgate Centre, Crawley Doug Stacey
2003 Falkland Guildford Coleraine Normanton Aberdeen Barnstaple Botanic Gardens Bath Bury St. Edmunds Malcolm Wood, Nottingham
2002 Stafford Oxford - Arlington Business Park Saltburn by the Sea Doxford International Business Park, Sunderland Newcastle under Lyme - Meadows Residents Association Drumnadrochit & Brighton and Hove Johnston Park Aberdeen London Borough of Bromley Carolyn Wilson, Alness
2001 Bath St. Helier - Harbour Approach KeyMed, Southend on Sea Newcastle upon Tyne Lynton & Lynmouth The Crichton Dumfries Tatsfield Pupils and teachers at Applegrove Primary School, Forres Leeds
2000 Portsmouth
1999 Nottingham, Hyson Green
1996 Nottingham
1992 Bath
1990 Southport Swansea Guildford J Sainsbury plc Nuneaton and Bedworth Keswick[citation needed] George Tomlinson
1989 Morpeth Telford Saintfield in Bloom Committee Bournemouth Moira Muriel Preece
Organiser of West Country in Bloom
1988 Bury St Edmunds Plymouth Moffat Gorey, Jersey Exeter Lewis McAvoy
Chief Technical Officer Lisburn Borough Council
1987 Bath Crewe The Japanese Garden, Aberdeen Stratford upon Avon Bury St Edmunds Jim Woods
1986 Shrewsbury Belfast Walter Dinning, Parks Department, Gateshead Nantwich Sorn Leonard Likorish
former Director General of the British Tourist Authority
1985 Douglas Crewe Tom Dobbins, Babbacombe Model Village, Devon Torquay Market Bosworth Dr W Dally
1984 Cheltenham Forres St David's Centre, Cardiff Nantwich East Sleekburn George Dick
Village orderly of Ballinamallard
1983 Ryton Aberdeen Tevrnspite, Dyfed Sidmouth Cheltenham David Welch
Director of Leisure and Recreation, Aberdeen
1982 Swansea Kirkcaldy Harold Peirce, Arthur Allen, Brian Pattenden, Nigel Rogers - Eastbourne Parks Dept Stratford upon Avon Stratford upon Avon (posthumous)
Bob Hare
1981 Stockport Strathclyde Bath Largs Mr H Parker
Assistant Director of Environment (Parks) Swansea City Council
1980 Paisley Belfast Sidmouth Forres
1979 Belfast York Douglas Mr B Wolley
Chairman Northumberland in Bloom
1978 Swansea Holywell Dr D W Huebner
Chairman Yorkshire and Humberside in Bloom
1977 Bath Exeter Mr P Conn
Ex Parks Director, City of Liverpool
1976 Bath Wolviston Mr C B Preece
West Country in Bloom
1975 City of London London Borough of Camden
1974 Bath Clovelly
1973 Bath Bridlington
1972 Bath
1971 Bath


There are 18 Regions/ Nations "in Bloom", each of which coordinate regional campaigns in their area. The regions of the UK and Crown dependencies used in the competition are (with reference to ceremonial counties and government office regions)

Country Region Name Notes
England Anglia (East of England region) Anglia in Bloom
England Cumbria Cumbria in Bloom
England East Midlands (as region) East Midlands in Bloom
England Heart of England Heart of England in Bloom Heart of England includes Gloucestershire (minus South Gloucestershire), Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, and Worcestershire
England London London in Bloom
England Northumbria (as North East England) Northumbria in Bloom
England North West England North West in Bloom (as region, less Cumbria)
England South East England South & South East in Bloom (East Sussex, Kent, West Sussex, Surrey)
England South West England Southwest in Bloom (Bristol, Cornwall, Devon, western Dorset, Somerset, South Gloucestershire, most of Wiltshire)
England Southern England South & South East in Bloom (eastern Dorset, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, southern Wiltshire)
England Thames and Chilterns Thames & Chilterns in Bloom (Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire)
England Yorkshire Yorkshire in Bloom
Ulster (Northern Ireland) Ulster (Northern Ireland) Ulster in Bloom
Scotland Scotland Beautiful Scotland
Wales Wales Wales in Bloom
Isle of Man Isle of Man Isle of Man in Bloom Campaign is temporarily suspended (2011)
Guernsey Guernsey Floral Guernsey
Jersey Jersey Jersey in Bloom

RHS It's Your Neighbourhood

RHS It's Your Neighbourhood is part of the wider RHS Britain in Bloom initiative, supporting smaller, volunteer-led groups in improving their immediate environment. This could be their local community park or garden, the estate where they live, or the residential alley they share.

The campaign was launched by the RHS in 2006. There are currently more than 1,100 registered It's Your Neighbourhood groups (2011).

The initiative works around the same three pillars of assessment as RHS Britain in Bloom: Community Participation, Horticultural Achievement and Environmental Responsibility; however, it is not a competitive campaign. Participating groups receive an annual visit from an It's Your Neighbourhood assessor, who can provide valuable feedback, and each group receives a certificate of achievement from the RHS.

The It's Your Neighbourhood campaign is free to enter and open to groups of all sizes, as long as they are focused on improving their local environment and are:

  • A volunteer-led group
  • Hands on
  • Involved in community gardening
  • Owned by the community
  • Representative of the community / getting input from the community
  • Benefiting the community.

For example, they could be:

  • A residents’ group / association
  • A ‘Friends of’ group
  • A youth group
  • A community allotment / garden.

Source of civic pride

Guildford welcome sign displaying Britain in Bloom credentials

Winning a category within Britain in Bloom at a national or even regional level has proved to be a source of considerable civic pride for the towns, cities and villages involved. Many of the authorities of the winning locations do advertise their achievements on signs within, or more predominantly on the outskirts of their settlement. One journalist stated that "Since Britain In Bloom began in 1963 … nothing has pleased town councillors more than to hammer up a sign at the outskirts of their kingdom trumpeting superiority to incoming visitors… Few events provide a sterner test of civic pride."[8] Examples include Garstang where the sign that leads to the high street at the heart of the town says, above the name "Garstang", Britain In Bloom Small Town – Gold Award Winners 2002, 2005, and "Invitation Finalists to Champion of Champions 2006",[8] or Guildford, which advertises its past triumph in the Town category on its welcome signs.

Further reading

References and notes

  1. ^ Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea - About In Bloom
  2. ^ RHS Britain in Bloom campaign statistics
  3. ^ The Garden, (Journal of The Royal Horticultural Society), October 2002, p752)
  4. ^ a b c d e Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, pages 7 & 8, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)
  5. ^ Lewisham in Bloom heroes pick up awards
  6. ^ a b Woolton in Bloom - Information on Britain in Bloom
  7. ^ The Garden, (Journal of The Royal Horticultural Society), April 2003, p233)
  8. ^ a b c Wednesday, 8 August 2007, Flower power: The Britain in Bloom phenomenon, The Independent
  9. ^ RHS Britain in Bloom
  10. ^ Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)
  11. ^ From Bloom Review, Issue 8, Spring 2006: Champion of Champions - This is a category within the RHS Britain in Bloom UK Finals where selected communities, of all population sizes, who have demonstrated sustained high standards in the Bloom campaign, are invited to compete for the title of ‘Champion of Champions’. These entries are judged against the Bloom criteria relevant to their population, and then compared to determine the overall winner.
  12. ^ RHS Britain in Bloom Awards Winners 2008
  13. ^ RHS Britain in Bloom Awards Winners 2007
  14. ^ The Entente Florale itself has taken different forms, such as the "ENTENTE FLORALE – Ten Nations Competition" and the "ENTENTE FLORALE – Britain - France - Belgium Competition"

External links

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