Emperor Duzong of Song


Emperor Duzong of Song
Zhao Mengqi 趙孟启
Emperor of Southern Song Dynasty
Reign November 16, 1264–August 12, 1274 (&100000000000000090000009 years, &10000000000000269000000269 days)
Predecessor Emperor Lizong
Successor Emperor Gong
Issue
Emperor Duanzong of Song
Emperor Gong of Song
Emperor Bing of Song
Posthumous name
Emperor Duanwen Mingwu Jinxiao 端文明武景孝皇帝
Temple name
Duzong 度宗
Father Zhao Yurui
Mother Lady Huang, Lady of Long
Born 2 May 1240
Died 12 August 1274(1274-08-12) (aged 34)

Emperor Duzong 宋度宗 (1240–1274) was the 15th emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the sixth emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Mengqi (趙孟启). He was the nephew of Emperor Lizong and reigned from 1264 to 1274.

Duzong's reign was plagued with rebellions, warfare and upheaval. The Mongols had spent decades harassing the borders of the Southern Song and were on the verge of conquering the whole of China. Duzong totally ignored his duties and instead delegated all state and military affairs to the hands of his incompetent minister named Jia Sidao; the emperor instead indulged in drinking and women and lived in opulence. At first, he told the officials to be straightforward and tell him the problems in the countries, but this was all an act. Soon, he completely neglected his duties. Furthermore, he had a very high sexual appetite. Under the Song's law, any female who had a sexual relation with the emperor needs to come pay respect to the emperor in the morning. At one point, there were as many as 30 females one morning paying respect.

The last decisive battle was fought in Xiangyang (in today's Hubei province) in 1274 when the Mongols succeeded in capturing and destroying the last Song stronghold. The defeat and the loss of Xiangyang sealed the fate of the Song Dynasty and the news of its capture was deliberately hidden from Duzong by Jia.

Duzong died shortly thereafter and was succeeded by his four year old son. Although technically not the last emperor of the Song Dynasty, Duzong was considered the last emperor of the Song Dynasty that could have made a difference in changing the outcome or perhaps even averting the fall of the dynasty.

See also

Emperor Duzong of Song
Born: 1240 Died: 1274
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Lizong
Emperor of the Song Dynasty
1264–1274
Succeeded by
Emperor Gong



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emperor Gong of Song — Emperor Gongdi (chinese: 宋恭帝, 1271 1323), also known as Zhào Xiǎn (趙顯), was the 16th Emperor of Song Dynasty. He reigned from 1274 until his abdication in 1276. He was succeeded by elder brother, Emperor Duanzong of Song.Gongdi was only four… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duanzong of Song — Zhao Shi 趙昰 Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Reign 14 June 1276 – 8 May 1278 ( 100000000000000010000001 year, 10000000000000328000000328 days) Pr …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 15 November 976 – 8 May 997 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years, 10000000000000174000000174 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhenzong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 8 May 997 23 March 1022 ( 1000000000000002400000024 years, 10000000000000319000000319 days) Pre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Lizong of Song — Emperor Lizong 理宗 (1205 1264) was the 14th emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the fifth emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Yun (趙昀). He reigned from 1224 to 1264. His temple name means Reasonable Ancestor . Although a …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Bing of Song — Emperor Bing (zh c|c=宋帝昺) (1271 ndash; March 19, 1279) was the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty of China. He was also known as Lord Perpetual Nation (永國公 yongguo gong).Born Zhào Bǐng (趙昺) to Emperor Duzong, he was the younger brother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizu of Song — Zhao Kuangyin Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 4 February 960 – 14 November 976 ( 1000000000000001600000016 years, 10000000000000284000000284 days) Spouse Empre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Qinzong of Song — Zhao Huan Emperor of Northern Song Dynasty Later Marquess of Zhonghun 重昏侯 Reign 19 January 1126 – 9 January 1127[1] Spouse Empress Renhuai …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Ningzong of Song — Zhao Kuo Reign July 24, 1194–September 17. 1224 ( 1000000000000003000000030 years, 1000000000000005500000055 days) Predecessor Emperor Guangzong Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhezong of Song — Birth and death: 4 January 1076–23 February 1100 …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.