Emperor Zhezong of Song

Emperor Zhezong of Song
Emperor Zhezong of Song
Birth and death: 4 January 1076–23 February 1100
Family name: Zhao (趙)
Given name: Yong (傭), later Xu¹ (煦)
Dates of reign: 1 April 1085–23 February 1100
Dynasty: Song (宋)
Temple name: Zhezong (哲宗)
Posthumous name (short):  Never used short
Posthumous name:
Emperor Xianyuan Jidao Shide
Yanggong Qinwen Ruiwu
Qisheng Zhaoxiao²
General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.
They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
1. Had his name changed into Xu in March 1085 when he was
officially named crown prince. This name became his taboo
name when he ascended the throne five days later.
2. This is the final version of the posthumous name given
in 1113; according to some sources the first eight characters of
his posthumous name should be Xianyuan Jidao Xiande

Emperor Zhezong (January 4, 1076 – February 23, 1100) was the seventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China. His personal name was Zhao4 Xu1. He reigned from 1085 to 1100.

Zhezong was the son of Emperor Shenzong. He ascended the throne at age 9 under the supervision of Empress Dowager Gao. Under Empress Gao's regency she appointed conservatives such as Sima Guang as Chancellor and Sima Guang immediately halted socio-economic improvements set forth by Wang Anshi. Zhezong was powerless and it was not until Empress Dowager Gao's death in 1093 that Zhezong was able to reinstate Wang Anshi's reform and remove Sima Guang.

Zhezong lowered taxes, stopped all negotiations with the Tangut Empire and resumed armed conflict which eventually forced the Xixia to enter a more peaceful stance with the Song. Overall, Zhezong's reign gave the Song dynasty a breathe of fresh air but Zhezong was not able stop fighting between conservative members in his government and the more liberal members catering to Wang Anshi's reforms. This eventually led to the northern Song's demise in the 12th century.

Zhezong died in 1100 in Kaifeng and was succeeded by his younger brother. He was only 24. His temple name means "Wise Ancestor".

See also

Emperor Zhezong of Song
Born: January 4 1076 Died: February 23 1100[aged 24]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Shenzong
Emperor of the Song Dynasty
Succeeded by
Emperor Huizong

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emperor Taizong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 15 November 976 – 8 May 997 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years, 10000000000000174000000174 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhenzong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 8 May 997 23 March 1022 ( 1000000000000002400000024 years, 10000000000000319000000319 days) Pre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Xiaozong of Song — Emperor Xiaozong (November 27, 1127 ndash; June 28, 1194) was the eleventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the second emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Shen. He reigned from 1162 to 1189. His temple name means… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizu of Song — Zhao Kuangyin Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 4 February 960 – 14 November 976 ( 1000000000000001600000016 years, 10000000000000284000000284 days) Spouse Empre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duzong of Song — Zhao Mengqi 趙孟启 Emperor of Southern Song Dynasty Reign November 16, 1264–August 12, 1274 ( 100000000000000090000009 years, 10000000000000269000000269 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duanzong of Song — Zhao Shi 趙昰 Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Reign 14 June 1276 – 8 May 1278 ( 100000000000000010000001 year, 10000000000000328000000328 days) Pr …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Qinzong of Song — Zhao Huan Emperor of Northern Song Dynasty Later Marquess of Zhonghun 重昏侯 Reign 19 January 1126 – 9 January 1127[1] Spouse Empress Renhuai …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Huizong of Song — Chinese Emperor birth=2 November, 1082 death=4 June, 1135 family name=Zhao () begin reign=24 February, 1101 end reign=18 January, 1126¹ dynasty=Song () given name=Ji () temple name=Huizong () posthumous name short=Never used short posthumous name …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Ningzong of Song — Zhao Kuo Reign July 24, 1194–September 17. 1224 ( 1000000000000003000000030 years, 1000000000000005500000055 days) Predecessor Emperor Guangzong Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Song Bing — (en chinois : 宋帝昺) (1271 – 19 mars 1279) fut le dernier empereur de la dynastie Song. Il est également connu sous le nom de Seigneur de la Nation Perpétuelle (en chinois : 永國公 yongguo gong). Né Zhào Bǐng (趙昺), il est le fils de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.