Emperor Shenzong of Song

Emperor Shenzong of Song


|family_name=Zhào (趙)|posthumous_name_full=Emperor Tiyuan Xiandao Fagu
Lixian Dide Wanggong Yingwen
Liewu Qinren Shengxiao²
begin_reign=26 January, 1067
end_reign=1 April, 1085
dynasty=Sòng (宋)
given_name=Zhongzhen (仲鍼), later Xu¹ (頊)
temple_name=Shénzōng (神宗)
posthumous_name_short=Never used short
notes="General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.
They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
1. His name was changed into Xu in 1063 when his father
Yingzong ascended the throne.
2. This is the final version of the posthumous name given in 1113".

Emperor Shenzong (May 25, 1048 – April 1, 1085) was the sixth emperor of Song Dynasty China. His personal name was Zhao Xu. He reigned from 1067 to 1085.

The periods within his reign are Xining (熙寧; "xi1 ning2") 1068-1077 and Yuanfeng (元豐; "yuan2 feng1") 1078-1085.

During his reign, Shenzong noticed Wang Anshi's policy and appointed Wang as Chancellor. Wang implemented his famous reforms aimed at improving the lot of the peasantry and unemployed, which some have seen as a forerunner of the modern welfare state. These acts became the hallmark reform of Shenzong's reign.

Shenzong's other notable act as emperor included his attempts to rid the Song empire of the Tangut Empire by invading and expelling the Xixia forces in Qingzhou (today's Gansu). Shenzong was initially quite successful at these campaigns but during the City of Yongle battle of 1082, Shenzong's forces were defeated. As a result, the Xixia forces grew more powerful and would be a thorn on the side of the Song dynasty in the ensuing decades.

In 1080 he renamed Puji Temple on the island of Putuoshan in Zhejiang province from 不肯去观音院 to 宝陀观音寺, and donated lands to support it.

Shenzong died in 1085 and was succeeded by his son. He was 36. His temple name means "Divine Ancestor".

ee also

* Wang Anshi
* Shen Kuo
*List of Song Emperors
*Architecture of the Song Dynasty
*Culture of the Song Dynasty
*Economy of the Song Dynasty
*History of the Song Dynasty
*Society of the Song Dynasty
*Technology of the Song Dynasty

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emperor Taizong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 15 November 976 – 8 May 997 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years, 10000000000000174000000174 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhenzong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 8 May 997 23 March 1022 ( 1000000000000002400000024 years, 10000000000000319000000319 days) Pre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Xiaozong of Song — Emperor Xiaozong (November 27, 1127 ndash; June 28, 1194) was the eleventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the second emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Shen. He reigned from 1162 to 1189. His temple name means… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhezong of Song — Birth and death: 4 January 1076–23 February 1100 …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizu of Song — Zhao Kuangyin Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 4 February 960 – 14 November 976 ( 1000000000000001600000016 years, 10000000000000284000000284 days) Spouse Empre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duzong of Song — Zhao Mengqi 趙孟启 Emperor of Southern Song Dynasty Reign November 16, 1264–August 12, 1274 ( 100000000000000090000009 years, 10000000000000269000000269 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duanzong of Song — Zhao Shi 趙昰 Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Reign 14 June 1276 – 8 May 1278 ( 100000000000000010000001 year, 10000000000000328000000328 days) Pr …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Qinzong of Song — Zhao Huan Emperor of Northern Song Dynasty Later Marquess of Zhonghun 重昏侯 Reign 19 January 1126 – 9 January 1127[1] Spouse Empress Renhuai …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Huizong of Song — Chinese Emperor birth=2 November, 1082 death=4 June, 1135 family name=Zhao () begin reign=24 February, 1101 end reign=18 January, 1126¹ dynasty=Song () given name=Ji () temple name=Huizong () posthumous name short=Never used short posthumous name …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Ningzong of Song — Zhao Kuo Reign July 24, 1194–September 17. 1224 ( 1000000000000003000000030 years, 1000000000000005500000055 days) Predecessor Emperor Guangzong Successor …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.