- Emperor Shenzong of Song
|family_name=Zhào (趙)|posthumous_name_full=Emperor Tiyuan Xiandao Fagu
Lixian Dide Wanggong Yingwen
Liewu Qinren Shengxiao²
26 January, 1067
1 April, 1085
given_name=Zhongzhen (仲鍼), later Xu¹ (頊)
posthumous_name_short=Never used short
notes="General note: Dates given here are in the
They are not in the
proleptic Gregorian calendar.
1. His name was changed into Xu in 1063 when his father
Yingzong ascended the throne.
2. This is the final version of the posthumous name given in 1113".
Emperor Shenzong (
May 25, 1048– April 1, 1085) was the sixth emperor of Song Dynasty China. His personal name was Zhao Xu. He reigned from 1067 to 1085.
The periods within his reign are Xining (熙寧; "xi1 ning2") 1068-1077 and Yuanfeng (元豐; "yuan2 feng1") 1078-1085.
During his reign, Shenzong noticed
Wang Anshi's policy and appointed Wang as Chancellor. Wang implemented his famous reforms aimed at improving the lot of the peasantry and unemployed, which some have seen as a forerunner of the modern welfare state. These acts became the hallmark reform of Shenzong's reign.
Shenzong's other notable act as emperor included his attempts to rid the Song empire of the Tangut Empire by invading and expelling the Xixia forces in
Qingzhou(today's Gansu). Shenzong was initially quite successful at these campaigns but during the City of Yonglebattle of 1082, Shenzong's forces were defeated. As a result, the Xixia forces grew more powerful and would be a thorn on the side of the Song dynasty in the ensuing decades.
In 1080 he renamed
Puji Templeon the island of Putuoshanin Zhejiangprovince from 不肯去观音院 to 宝陀观音寺, and donated lands to support it.
Shenzong died in 1085 and was succeeded by his son. He was 36. His
temple namemeans "Divine Ancestor".
List of Song Emperors
Architecture of the Song Dynasty
Culture of the Song Dynasty
Economy of the Song Dynasty
History of the Song Dynasty
Society of the Song Dynasty
Technology of the Song Dynasty
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