- Maryland, London
Maryland shown within Greater London
OS grid reference London borough Newham Ceremonial county Greater London Region London Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town LONDON Postcode district E15 Dialling code 020 Police Metropolitan Fire London Ambulance London EU Parliament London UK Parliament West Ham London Assembly City and East List of places: UK • England • London
Maryland is a location in east London. It forms the northeastern part of Stratford in the London Borough of Newham. The area borders Leytonstone to the north, Stratford New Town to the west and Forest Gate to the east, with the centre of Stratford to the south-west.
Maryland's earliest known recorded appearance is on a map of Essex published by J. Oliver in 1696, where it is marked as 'Maryland Point'. The name originated with a rich local merchant who bought land and built in the area having returned from the U.S. colony of Maryland. London's Maryland is therefore an unusual example of a place in Britain named after an American location, rather than vice versa.
Various attempts have been made to identify the merchant. The most likely candidate seems to be Richard Lee (d. 1664), who emigrated to Virginia around 1640. His estate there included land on the Maryland side of the Potomac River, near a place known as Maryland Point (later to be the site of the Maryland Point Light). On returning to England in 1658, Lee bought land in Stratford, and in 1662 was recorded as owning a large house there.
Notable people associated with Maryland
- Charles Edmund Clutterbuck, stained glass artist
- Dorothy Kilner (1755–1836), children's writer
- Anna Kingsford, anti-vivisectionist, theosophist, suffragette and campaigner for women's rights, née Bonus, born Maryland Point 1846
- Tempa T, Grime artist and creator of underground hit "Next Hype"
- Maryland Station is served by trains operated by National Express East Anglia, with a frequency of approximately 10 minutes in each direction. Trains towards central London stop at Stratford before terminating at Liverpool Street station, with a journey time of just 10 minutes. To the East, trains run a stopping service terminating at Shenfield. Maryland Station will be served by Crossrail trains when that project is completed.
- Maryland is served by bus routes 69 (24hr), 257, 308, and night bus N8.
Many small and ongoing redevelopment programmes are linked to the planned opening of the Stratford International station on High Speed 1, the 2012 Olympic Games, and the Stratford City complex, all of which are adjacent to Maryland.
- For details of education in Maryland see the List of schools in the London Borough of Newham
London Borough of Newham Districts Attractions Markets Parks and open spaces Constituencies Tube and rail stationsBeckton · Beckton Park · Canning Town · Custom House for Excel · Cyprus · East Ham · Forest Gate · Gallions Reach · King George V · London City Airport · Manor Park · Maryland · Pontoon Dock · Plaistow · Prince Regent · Pudding Mill Lane · Royal Albert · Royal Victoria · Stratford · Stratford International · Upton Park · Wanstead Park · West Ham · West Silvertown · Woodgrange Park Other topicsPeople · Public art · Schools Parks and open spaces in Newham
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