West Ham station


West Ham station

West Ham station is a London Underground and National Rail station on the District Line, Hammersmith & City Line, Jubilee Line and served by c2c train services. It is in Travelcard Zone 3, and is managed by London Underground. All open platforms have step-free access to the street and each other.

West Ham station is not the closest station to West Ham United Football Club's Boleyn Ground. Upton Park tube station, two stops to the east, is much closer.

However, East London Rugby Football Club is situated just minutes away from West Ham Station in Holland Road. It is also home to the Kings Cross Steelers RFC and Phantoms RFC.

Layout

The station consists of four sets of island platforms. Two are above street level running east-west, serving the District and Hammersmith & City, and c2c lines respectively; two more are at street level, running north-south and serving the Jubilee Line and, formerly, Silverlink Metro.

History

West Ham station was sponsored by Arnold F Hills, the owner of the Thames Ironworks and Football club which played at the Memorial Grounds from 1897. The agreement was to build a station when the LT&SR line was four tracked and two new single track bridges over Manor Road were built and two island platforms built. The football club became West Ham United in 1900, but the station did not generate any traffic and the club moved to the densely populated area of Upton Park in 1904.

The station opened as "West Ham" in 1901 and District Line service began in 1902, with the Hammersmith & City Line (then the Metropolitan Line) following in 1936. In 1924 the station was renamed "West Ham (Manor Road)", reverting to its original name in 1969.

The North London Line platforms were opened in 1979 as part of a local regeneration programme. The station was greatly enlarged and entirely modernised as part of the Jubilee Line Extension project in 1999, with the introduction of Jubilee Line and re-introduction of London, Tibury and Southend Railway (though now called c2c) services at the station. North London Line services ceased on 9 December 2006 as part of the closure of the Stratford to North Woolwich section of the line.

On 15 March 1976 nine people were injured here by an explosion caused on a train by a member of the Provisional IRA. Julius Stephen, the driver of the train, was shot dead at the scene when he attempted to pursue the fleeing bomber.

Future work

A planned extension of the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) from Canning Town to Stratford International station via West Ham will see the DLR replacing the former North London Line services. The station will also see refurbishment works in the near future to allow it to cope with an increase in passenger numbers for the London 2012 Summer Olympic Games. The station is to be extended to give direct pedestrian access to The Greenway foot and cycle path nearby, which connects directly to the London Olympic Park in Stratford.

The London Development Agency owns land to the west of the station and would like West Ham United to relocate there to kick start a regeneration of this run down area. Direct access from the station to this site by the extension of the Jubilee line footbridge would be easy and having eight platforms minimal work to cope with football spectators would be required. The chairman of West Ham United would hope to have a stadium completed by 2011, a year before the Olympics.

The old Berk Spencer chemical factory site North of the railway and West of Manor Road has been subject of speculation about being developed into a mosque. Depending on the size of the mosque, if it is ever built, might require improvements to the station to give direct access to the site. See Abbey Mills Mosque.

Services

The typical off-peak service frequency is (tph - trains per hour):

*District Line
** 6 tph to Wimbledon via Tower Hill
** 6 tph to Richmond via Tower Hill
** 12 tph to Upminster
*Hammersmith & City Line
** 4 tph to Hammersmith via Kings Cross
** 4 tph to Barking
*Jubilee Line
** 16 tph (trains per hour) to Stratford
** 8 tph to Stanmore
** 4 tph to Wembley Park
** 4 tph to Willesden Green
*c2c
** 8 tph to Fenchurch Street
***"of which 2 do not stop at Limehouse"
** 4 tph to Shoeburyness
***"of which 2 do not stop at West Horndon or Pitsea"
** 2 tph to Grays via Rainham
** 2 tph to Southend Central via Ockendon

External links

Rail line|previous=Limehouse|route=c2c
London, Tilbury & Southend Line
route2=c2c|next=Barking|col=C2C colour

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Future Development

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