Chelyabinsk


Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk (English)
Челябинск (Russian)
-  City[citation needed]  -
Chelyabinsk Circus.jpg
Chelyabinsk is located in Chelyabinsk Oblast
{{{alt}}}
Chelyabinsk
Coordinates: 55°09′17″N 61°22′33″E / 55.15472°N 61.37583°E / 55.15472; 61.37583Coordinates: 55°09′17″N 61°22′33″E / 55.15472°N 61.37583°E / 55.15472; 61.37583
Coat of Arms of Chelyabinsk (2000).png
Flag of Chelyabinsk.png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day September 13[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Chelyabinsk Oblast
Administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of February 2008)
Urban okrug Chelyabinsky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Administrative center of Chelyabinsky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Head[citation needed] Mikhail Yurevich[citation needed]
Representative body Council[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 837 km2 (323 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
1,130,273 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 9th
Population (2002 Census) 1,078,300 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 9th
Density 1,350 /km2 (3,500 /sq mi)[3]
Time zone YEKST (UTC+06:00)[4]
Founded 1736[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 454xxx[5]
Dialing code(s) +7 351[6]

Chelyabinsk (Russian: Челябинск, IPA: [tɕɪˈlʲæbʲɪnsk] ( listen)) is a city and the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the northwestern side of the oblast, 210 kilometers (130 mi) south of Yekaterinburg, just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on the Miass River. Population: 1,130,273 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 1,077,174 (2002 Census);[2] 1,141,777 (1989 Census).[7]

Contents

History

Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. According to official statistics the population on 1 January 1913 was 45,000 inhabitants.

For several months during the Russian Civil War, Chelyabinsk was held by the White movement and Czechoslovak Legions, becoming a center for splinters of the Romanian Volunteer Corps in Russia. The city later fell to Bolshevik Russian forces. In the decades after the Finnish Civil War in 1918, some 15,000 "Red" Finns defected into the Soviet Union. Most of them were transferred to Chelyabinsk via railway. In 1938, during the Great Purge, most of them were executed. Their mass grave is located near the Zolonyi Gora's former gold mine, and today bears a small memorial.

During the Soviet industrialization of the 1930s, Chelyabinsk experienced rapid growth. Several industrial establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk—still essentially a small city. Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as "Tankograd" (Tank City). Chelyabinsk was essentially built from scratch during this time. A small town existed before this, signs of which can be found in the centre of the city. The S.M. Kirov Factory no. 185 moved here from Leningrad to produce heavy tanks — it was transferred to Omsk after 1962.

Chelyabinsk has had a long association (since the 1940s) with top-secret nuclear research, though this is more properly applicable to Chelyabinsk Oblast as a whole, as nuclear facilities such as Chelyabinsk-70 (Snezhinsk) are, or were, located far outside the city. A serious nuclear accident occurred in 1957 at the Mayak nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, 150 km north-west of the city, which caused deaths in Chelyabinsk Oblast but not in the city. The province was closed to all foreigners until 1992.

Education

There are over a dozen universities in Chelyabinsk. The main ones are South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk State University and Chelyabinsk Medical Academy. The oldest one is Chelyabinsk State Agroengineering Academy, which was founded in 1930. There are 5 faculties at the University.

Economy

Chelyabinsk is one of the major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industry predominates, especially metallurgy and military machinery, notably the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Combinate (CMK, ChMK), Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (CTZ, ChTZ), Chelyabinsk Electrode plant (CHEZ), Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant (ChTPZ) and Chelyabinsk Forge-and-Press Plant (ChKPZ).

Chelyabinsk also has several electronics plants, including Metran, Polet and Zavod Electromashina, that serve both military and civil needs.

Transport

The planned metro network
"Chelyabinsk City", the tallest building in Chelyabinsk.

Chelyabinsk Metro

Chelyabinsk started construction of a 3-line subway network in early 1980s. It is proceeding slowly using the New Austrian Tunneling method. Pending financing, the opening of the first section is scheduled for 2017.

Tram and trolleybus

Chelyabinsk has a tram/streetcar (since 1932) and trolley bus (since 1942).

Airport

The city is served by Chelyabinsk Airport.

Notable people from Chelyabinsk

Models

Politicians

  • Viktor Khristenko - politician, the Industry and Energy Minister since March 9, 2004. Prior to that, held a number of government posts, including a brief stint in 2004 as an acting Prime Minister (from February, 24 to March, 5)
  • Nelly Rokita - adviser of former Polish President Lech Kaczyński, wife of politician Jan Rokita
  • Galina Starovoytova - political activist

Musicians

  • Maksim Bugrov - Violinist based out in Southern California.
  • Denis Goldfeld - Violinist, child prodigy, has performed in most major centres throughout the world. Currently based in Germany.

Scientists

Cosmonauts

  • Maksim Viktorovich Surayev - Flight Engineer, International Space Station (Expedition 21 and Expedition 22)

Composers

  • Lera Auerbach — one of the most widely performed composers of the new generation. Pianist, flautist and poet.

Software developers

Sportsmen

Ice hockey

Stanislav Chistov

  • Evgeni Kuznetsov [1]

Speed skating

Chess

Weightlifting

Cycling

Volleyball

Tennis

  • Ksenia Pervak

International relations

Twin towns/sister cities

Chelyabinsk is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  5. ^ Information about central postal office (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federation Cities dialing codes (in Russian)(zip 34.4 KB)
  7. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  8. ^ Chelyabinsk and Ramla sister cities agreement

Bibliography

  • Lennart Samuelson, Tankograd. The Formation of a Soviet Company Town: Cheliabinsk, 1900s–1950s (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chelyabinsk — n. a city in the Asian part of Russia. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chelyabinsk — [chel yä′binsk] city in SW Russia, in the S Urals: pop. 1,125,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Chelyabinsk — /chel yah binsk/; Russ. /chyi lyah byinsk/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, E of the the Ural Mountains. 1,143,000. * * * City (pop., 2001 est.: 1,081,800), western Russia. Located 125 mi (200 km) south of Yekaterinburg on the… …   Universalium

  • Chelyabinsk 89' — Russian based soccer team from Sacramento, California. Chelyabinsk 89 Full name Челябинск/Chelyabinsk 89 Nickname(s) Chelya Founded 1989 present Manager Alexandre Lilja …   Wikipedia

  • Chelyabinsk — Tcheliabinsk Tcheliabinsk Челябинск …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chelyabinsk — Original name in latin Chelyabinsk Name in other language CEK, Celabinsk, Celabinska, Celaebinsk, Celeabinsk, Celiabinsc, Celiabinsca, Celiabinskas, Celjabinsk, Celyabinsk, Chelepi, Cheliabinsk, Chelibinsk, Cheljaba, Cheljaba osh, Cheljabe,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chelyabinsk — noun /tʃɪˈljabinsk/ A large city in Russia, administrative centre of Chelyabinsk oblast near the Ural mountains …   Wiktionary

  • Chelyabinsk — geographical name city W Russia in Asia population 1,143,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Chelyabinsk — Stadt Tscheljabinsk Челябинск Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chelyabinsk — (čeljabinsk) ► Prov. de Rusia, en el flanco oriental de los montes Urales; 87 900 km2 y 3 626 000 h. Cap., la c. homónima (1 143 000 h), centro industrial …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.