Ural Mountains


Ural Mountains

:"Riphean redirects here. For the time period, see Riphean stage"Geobox|Range
name=The Ural Mountains



country=Russia
country1=Kazakhstan
region=Bashkortostan
region1=Sverdlovsk Oblast
region2=Perm Krai
region3=Chelyabinsk Oblast
region4=Kurgan Oblast
region5=Orenburg Oblast
region6=Tyumen Oblast
region7=Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
region8=Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
region9=West Kazakhstan
geology= | period=Carboniferous | orogeny=
highest=Mount Narodnaya
highest_elevation=1895

The Ural Mountains ( _ru. Ура́льские го́ры, "Uralskiye gory") (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. They are usually considered as the natural boundary between Europe and Asia.

Geography

The Urals extend 2,500 km from the Kazakh steppes along the northern border of Kazakhstan to the coast of the Arctic ocean. Vaygach Island and the island of Novaya Zemlya form a further continuation of the chain. Geographically this range marks the northern part of the border between Asian and European sections of the Eurasian continent. Its highest peak is Mount Narodnaya (Poznurr, 1,895 m). Erosion has exposed considerable mineral wealth in the Urals, including gems such as topaz and beryl.The Virgin Komi Forests in the northern Urals are recognized as a World Heritage site. 68% of the Ural Mountains are located in Russia, whilst the remaining 32% are located in Kazakhstan. [ [http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=37 Ural Mountains - Peakbagger.com ] ] [ [http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761567006/ural_mountains.html Ural Mountains - MSN Encarta ] ] __NOTOC__Geographers have divided the Urals into five regions: South, Middle, North, Subarctic and Arctic Urals. The tree line drops from 1,400 metres to sea level as progressing north. Sections of the south and middle regions are completely forested.

Etymology

The Urals were named after the Uralian tribe that was once native to the northern region of Asia. The Uralians were hunter-gatherers; however the lack of plentiful resources in the area forced them to relocate, spreading throughout the Asian region. According to another explanation, the word Ural is of Turkic origin and means a stone belt. [ [http://www.cambridge.org/us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521829281&ss=exc The Urals and Western Siberia in the Bronze and Iron Ages - Cambridge University Press ] ]

Geology

The Urals are among the world's oldest extant mountain ranges. For its age of 250 to 300 million years, the elevation of the mountains is unusually high. They were formed during the late Carboniferous period, when western Siberia collided with eastern Baltica (connected to Laurentia (North America) to form the minor supercontinent of Euramerica) and Kazakhstania to form the supercontinent of Laurasia. Later Laurasia and Gondwana collided to form the supercontinent of Pangaea, which subsequently broke itself apart into the seven continents known today. Europe and Siberia have remained joined together ever since.The Urals were first studied in a systematic way by Russian mineralogist Ernst Karlovich Hofmann (1801-1871) of St. Petersburg University. During his tireless research, which began in 1828, Hofmann travelled thousands of miles in the Urals and gathered a vast collection of minerals, like gold, platinum, magnetite, ilmenite, perovskite, rutile, chromite, chrysoberyl, quartz, zircon, uvarovite, phenakite, topaz and beryl, among others.

The Urals have large deposits of gold, platinum, coal, iron, nickel, silver, oil,and other minerals.

References

* [http://209.85.175.104/search?q=cache:ENM9KulNEJgJ:www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/43735+hofmann+urals+mineralogist+E.+K.+Hoffman&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3 E. K. Hofmann]

ee also

*Pangaea
*Ural (region)
*Idel-Ural State

External links

*wikitravelpar|Urals
* [http://welcome-ural.ru/urals/77/ Five parts of the Ural Mountains]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ural Mountains — mountain system in Russia, extending from the Arctic Ocean south to the N border of Kazakhstan: traditionally regarded as the boundary between Europe & Asia: highest peak, c. 6,180 ft (1,884 m): also Urals …   English World dictionary

  • Ural Mountains — a mountain range in the W Russian Federation, extending N and S from the Arctic Ocean to near the Caspian Sea, forming a natural boundary between Europe and Asia. Highest peak, Mt. Narodnaya, 6214 ft. (1894 m). Also called Urals. * * * Mountain… …   Universalium

  • Ural Mountains —    The Ural Mountains extend nearly 2,500 kilometers from the shores of the Arctic Ocean to the Kazakh Steppe, separating European Russia from Siberia. The range is one of the several geographic features dividing Europe from Asia. The highest… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Ural Mountains — noun a mountain range in western Russia extending from the Arctic to the Caspian Sea; forms part of the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia • Syn: ↑Urals • Instance Hypernyms: ↑range, ↑mountain range, ↑range of mountains, ↑chain,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ural Mountains — noun a range of mountains in Russia that stretch from the Arctic to the Caspian Sea; traditionally, the border between Europe and Asia Syn: Urals …   Wiktionary

  • Ural Mountains — geographical name mountain system Russia & Kazakhstan extending from Kara Sea to steppes N of Aral Sea; usually considered the dividing line between Asia & Europe; highest peak Narodnaya 6214 feet (1894 meters) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ural Mountains — mtn. system in Russia, extending from the Arctic Ocean to Kazakstan …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Ural Mountains — n. mountain range in western Russia that stretches from the arctic to the Caspian Sea …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Ural Mountains — U′ral Moun′tains n. pl. geg a mountain range in the W Russian Federation, extending N and S from the Arctic Ocean to near the Caspian Sea, forming a natural boundary between Europe and Asia. Highest peak, 6214 ft. (1894 m). Also called U′rals …   From formal English to slang

  • Ural Mountains — /jurəl ˈmaʊntənz/ (say yoohruhl mowntuhnz) plural noun a mountain system in Russia, extending north and south from the Arctic Ocean to near the Caspian Sea, forming a natural boundary between Europe and Asia. Highest peak, Mt Telpos, 1688 m. Also …   Australian English dictionary


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