Cham (district)


Cham (district)
Cham
—  District  —
Country  Germany
State Bavaria
Adm. region Oberpfalz
Capital Cham
Area
 - Total 1,510 km2 (583 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Total 128,322
 - Density 85/km2 (220.1/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration CHA
Website landkreis-cham.de

Cham is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Regen, Straubing-Bogen, Regensburg and Schwandorf and by the Czech Plzeň Region.

Contents

History

The first historical date in the regional history is the year 748, when the bishop of Regensburg ordered the foundation of a monastery in the sparsely populated region. About hundred years later the royal castle of Cham was built and became a summer residence for the Holy Roman Emperors. The region was called Campriche or Mark Cham. In 1204 the Mark Cham became subject to Bavaria, in 1352 to the Palatinate and in the 17th century back to Bavaria. Nowadays, Cham still enjoys the laid back life style from the days of yore. Many projects have been initiated to give this area an impetus to grow, despite of this it is still one of the least populated regions in Germany.

Geography

The district is located in the northern parts of the Bavarian Forest. It is situated within the borders of the Upper Bavarian Forest Nature Park. The highest mountain is the Großer Arber at 1439 m, located on the Germany–Czech Republic border. The Regen river enters the district in the southeast and leaves to the west; most of the settled places are situated along this river and its main tributary, the Chamb coming from the Czech border.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The upper part of the arms is occupied by the blue and white checkered pattern of Bavaria. Below the church of Chammünster is displayed (today belonging to the town of Cham), which was built in 748 within a famous monastery.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bad Kötzting
  2. Cham
  3. Furth im Wald
  4. Roding
  5. Rötz
  6. Waldmünchen
  1. Arnschwang
  2. Arrach
  3. Blaibach
  4. Chamerau
  5. Eschlkam
  6. Falkenstein
  7. Gleißenberg
  8. Grafenwiesen
  9. Hohenwarth
  10. Lam
  11. Lohberg
  12. Michelsneukirchen
  13. Miltach
  14. Neukirchen beim Heiligen Blut
  15. Pemfling
  16. Pösing
  1. Reichenbach am Regen
  2. Rettenbach
  3. Rimbach
  4. Runding
  5. Schönthal
  6. Schorndorf
  7. Stamsried
  8. Tiefenbach
  9. Traitsching
  10. Treffelstein
  11. Waffenbrunn
  12. Wald
  13. Walderbach
  14. Weiding
  15. Willmering
  16. Zandt
  17. Zell

References

External links

Coordinates: 49°15′N 12°40′E / 49.25°N 12.67°E / 49.25; 12.67


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