Erlangen


Erlangen

Infobox German Location
Art = city
Wappen = Erlangen.jpg
lat_deg = 49 |lat_min = 35 |lat_sec = 28
lon_deg = 11 |lon_min = 01 |lon_sec = 28
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Bayern
Regierungsbezirk = Mittelfranken
Landkreis = Kreisfreie Stadt
Höhe = 280
Fläche = 76.90
Einwohner = 104650
Stand = 2007-12-31
PLZ = 91001–91058
PLZ-alt = 8520
Vorwahl = 09131,
0911 (OT Hüttendorf),
09132 (OT Neuses),
09135 (OT Dechsendorf)
Kfz = ER
Gemeindeschlüssel = 09 5 62 000
NUTS = DE252
LOCODE = DE ERL
Gliederung = 20 Ortsteile
Adresse = Rathausplatz 1
91052 Erlangen
Website = [http://www.erlangen.de/ www.erlangen.de]
Bürgermeister = Siegfried Balleis
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = CSU

Erlangen is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany. It is located at the confluence of the river Regnitz and its large tributary, the "Untere Schwabach". Erlangen has more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Erlangen is today dominated by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the numerous branch offices of Siemens AG, as well as a large Institute of the Fraunhofer Society. An event that still influences the city was the settlement of Huguenots after the withdrawal of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

History

Erlangen was first mentioned officially in 1002 under the name of "villa erlangon". In 1361, the village was sold to Emperor Karl IV. Three years later, a city was built close to the village, which in 1374 got its own coining station (mint). In 1398, the municipal rights were confirmed. In 1402, the city was vested to the House of Hohenzollern as part of the principality of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (from 1603 on Brandenburg-Bayreuth), staying under their rule until 1806. During the four year Napoleonic occupation, Erlangen was the capital of the so-called "Low County" ("Unterland") of the principality, encompassing the area until Neustadt an der Aisch and separated from the "High County" (Oberland) by a land corridor. In 1810 it became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, together with the rest of former Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

While being part of the Brandenburg-Bayreuth, the first French Huguenot refugees arrived in Erlangen in 1686. Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, built a "new town" (Neustadt) for them. In 1706, the old town (just below the site of the annual Bergkirchweih) was almost completely destroyed by a fire, but soon rebuilt. In 1812, the old and new towns were merged into one.

In 1742, Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, founded a university for the residency town Bayreuth, but due to the rebelliousness of the local students, the university was transferred to Erlangen. Only later did it obtain the name of "Friedrich-Alexander-University" and become a Prussian state university. Famous students of these times were Johann Ludwig Tieck and Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder.

Already during the Bavarian municipal reform of 1818, the city was endowed with its own administration. In 1862, the canton administration Erlangen was founded, from which later arose the administrative district of Erlangen. In 1972, this district was merged with the administrative district of Höchstadt. Erlangen became the capital of this newly founded district Erlangen-Höchstadt. During this municipal reform, Erlangen was effectively enlarged considerably, so that by 1974, it had more than 100,000 inhabitants.

University

The University of Erlangen-Nuremberg ("Friedrich-Alexander-Universität", [http://www.uni-erlangen.org] ) was founded in 1742 by Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, in the city of Bayreuth, but was relocated to Erlangen the next year. Today, it features 11 departments (German "Fakultäten"), 2 of which (Economics and Education) are located in Nuremberg. About 24,000 students study at this university, of which about 20,000 are located in Erlangen.

Bergkirchweih

The Bergkirchweih is an annual beer festival, similar to the Oktoberfest in Munich but smaller in scope, and therefore more intimate. It takes place during the twelve days before and after Pentecost, under the spring trees of the "Berg" and draws more than one million visitors each year.

It is commonly known by local residents as the "Berchkärwa" (pronounced "bairch'-care-va") or simply the "Berch", as in "Gehma auf'm Berch?" ("Let's go to the mountain?").

Districts

*Am Anger
*Alterlangen
*Bruck, pop. 20,000
*Büchenbach
*Burgberg
*Dechsendorf
*Eltersdorf, pop. around 3,200
*Frauenaurach
*Häusling
*Hüttendorf
*Innenstadt
*Kosbach
*Kriegenbrunn
*Neusses
*Röthelheim
*Schallershof
*Siedlung Sonnenblick
*Sieglitzhof/Buckenhofer Siedlung
*Steudach
*Tennenlohe [http://www.fen-net.de/er/stadtteile/tennenlohe/tennenlohe.htm]

Historical population

Historical mayors of Erlangen

*1818 - 1827: Johann Sigmund Lindner
*1828 - 1855: Johann Wolfgang Ferdinand Lammers
*1855 - 1865: Carl Wolfgang Knoch
*1866 - 1872: Heinrich August Papellier
*1872 - 1877: Johann Edmund Reichold
*1878 - 1880: Friedrich Scharf
*1881 - 1892: Georg Ritter von Schuh
*1892 - 1929: Theodor Klippel
*1929 - 1934: Hans Flierl
*1934 - 1944: Alfred Groß (NSDAP)
*1944 - 1945: Herbert Ohly (NSDAP)
*1945 - 1946: Anton Hammerbacher (SPD)
*1946 - 1959: Michael Poeschke (SPD)
*1959 - 1972: Heinrich Lades (CSU)
*1972 - 1996: Dietmar Hahlweg (SPD)
*1996 - : Siegfried Balleis (CSU)

International relations

Sister cities

Erlangen is twinned with several cities:
*flagicon|Sweden Eskilstuna, Sweden, since 1961.
*flagicon|France Rennes, France, since 1964.
*flagicon|Russia Vladimir, Russia, since 1983.
*flagicon|Germany Jena, Thuringia, Germany, since 1987.
*flagicon|England Stoke-on-Trent, England, since 1989.
*flagicon|Nicaragua San Carlos, Nicaragua, since 1989.
*flagicon|Turkey Beşiktaş, Turkey, since 2004.

Further partnerships

*flagicon|Italy Venzone, Italy.
*flagicon|China Shenzhen, China.
*flagicon|Virginia Richmond, Virginia.
*flagicon|Italy Cumiana, Italy.

External links

* [http://www.erlangen.de/ www.erlangen.de]
* [http://www.comic-salon.de/ The biggest comic convention in Germany is in Erlangen]
* [http://www.erlangeninfo.de/ www.erlangeninfo.de] Erlangen City Guide
* [http://www.uni-erlangen.org/ University of Erlangen]
* [http://www.iis.fraunhofer.de/ Fraunhofer Institut für Integrierte Schaltungen] (Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits) mp3 was developed here
* [http://www.der-berg-ruft.de/ Der-Berg-Ruft.De] Homepage of the Bergkirchweih (German only)

* [http://www.ferrisbarracks.com/ Ferris Barracks - former U.S. Army Kaserne in Erlangen]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erlangen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erlangen Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erlangen — Erlangen, verb. reg. act. bis an etwas langen, d.i. reichen. 1. Eigentlich. Es stehet mir zu weit, ich kann es nicht erlangen, ich kann nicht bis dahin langen. Ich kann den Ast gar wohl erlangen. 2. Figürlich. 1) An einen Gegenstand kommen, sich… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Erlangen — Erlangen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erlangen — [er′läŋ ən] city in SE Germany, near Nuremberg, in the state of Bavaria: pop. 103,000 * * * Er·lang·en (ĕrʹläng ən) A city of south central Germany north northeast of Nuremberg. Chartered in 1398, it passed to Bavaria in 1810. Population: 102,383 …   Universalium

  • Erlangen — Erlangen, unmittelbare Stadt im bayr. Regbez. Mittelfranken, in einer gut angebauten Ebene, am Einfluß der Schwabach in die Regnitz u. am Ludwigskanal, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinien München Bamberg Hof, E. Gräfenberg und E. Herzogenaurach, 280 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Erlangen — Erlangen, 1) Landgericht im baierischen Kreise Oberfranken, 3 QM. mit 17,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt darin, an der Mündung der Schwabach in die Regnitz, am Ludwigskanal u. der Süd Nord Eisenbahn in einer sandigen, aber gut angebauten Ebene u. besteht… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Erlangen — es una ciudad universitaria en Franconia Central, en el estado federado de Baviera, en el sur de Alemania. Tiene 102.000 habitantes y es la octava ciudad de Baviera. Las ciudades más cercanas son Fürth a 14 km al sur y Núremberg 16 km al sureste …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • erlangen — erlangen: Das Verb mhd. erlangen »erreichen« ist eine perfektive Bildung zu dem unter ↑ lang behandelten Verb »langen« »sich ausstrecken« …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • erlangen — V. (Mittelstufe) etw. erhalten, etw. erreichen Synonyme: bekommen, erwerben, gewinnen Beispiel: Aufgrund der Arbeit in diesem Restaurant hat sie Routine im Kochen erlangt. Kollokation: Ruhm erlangen …   Extremes Deutsch

  • Erlängen — (Bergb.), 1) das Forttreiben eines Ortes od. einer Strecke; 2) wenn ein Muther wegen eingetretener Hindernisse nicht Bestätigung erhalten kann, so wird dieselbe auf 14 Tage beigelegt, dieser Vorschub kann sich bis zu 1 Quartal, bei… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Erlangen — Erlangen, Bezirksstadt im bayr. Reg. Bez. Mittelfranken, an der Regnitz und dem Ludwigskanal, (1900) 22.953 E., Garnison, Amtsgericht, Universität, gestiftet 1743 vom Markgrafen Friedrich von Brandenburg Bayreuth, Gymnasium, Kreisirrenanstalt;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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