Antonio José de Sucre


Antonio José de Sucre
Antonio José de Sucre
2nd President of Bolivia
In office
29 December 1825 – 18 April 1828
Preceded by Simón Bolívar
Succeeded by José María Pérez de Urdininea
6th President of Perú
In office
23 June 1823 – 17 July 1823
Preceded by José de la Riva Agüero
Succeeded by José Bernardo de Tagle
Personal details
Born February 3, 1795(1795-02-03)
Cumaná, Viceroyalty of New Granada (in present-day Venezuela)
Died June 4, 1830(1830-06-04) (aged 35)
Pasto, Colombia
Resting place Cathedral of Quito
Spouse(s) Maríana Carcelén y Larrea
Children Teresa Sucre y Carcelén
Honorary title Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho
Signature

Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá (Spanish: [anˈtonjo xoˈse ðe ˈsukɾe j alkaˈla]; 1795–1830), known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" (English: "Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), was a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen.

Contents

Ancestry

The aristocratic Sucre family can trace its roots back to origins in Belgium. It arrived in Venezuela through Charles de Sucre y Pardo, a Flemish nobleman, son of Charles Adrian de Sucre, Marquess of Preux and Buenaventura Carolina Isabel Garrido y Pardo, a Spanish noblewoman. Charle de Sucre y Pardo served a soldier in Catalonia in 1698 and was later named Governor of Cartagena de Indias and Captain General of Cuba. On December 22, 1779, Charles Sucre y Pardo arrived in Cumaná, Venezuela having been named Governor of New Andalucia, present day Sucre state.

Military life

In 1814, Sucre joined the battles for South American independence from Spain.

Post-independence period

In 1828, when a strong movement arose against Bolívar, his followers and the Bolivian constitution, Sucre resigned.

Death of Antonio José de Sucre by Arturo Michelena.

Death and legacy

Monument to Antonio José de Sucre in the constitutional capital of Bolivia, Sucre

Some have argued that Sucre was assassinated so as to leave no clear successor to Bolívar. Sucre represented, according to historian Tomas Polanco Alcantara, "the indispensable complement to Simón Bolívar". When news of Sucre's death came to Bolívar, he said, "Se ha derramado, Dios excelso, la sangre del inocente Abel..." ("The blood of the innocent Abel has been spilled, God almighty..."). Bolivar later wrote (Gaceta de Colombia, July 4, 1830):

If he had breathed his spirit upon the theater of victory, with his last breath he would have given thanks to heaven for having given him a glorious death; but cowardly murdered in a dark mountain, he leaves his fatherland the duty of persecuting this crime and of adopting measures that will curb new scandals and the repetition of scenes as lamentable and painful as this.

Some of his descendants in Venezuela, Ecuador and U.S.A have followed in his military and political footsteps.

Antonio José de Sucre is buried in the Cathedral of Quito, Ecuador, as he had said, "I want my bones to be forever in Quito".

Further reading

  • Sherwell, Guillermo A. (1924). Antonio José de Sucre (Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho): Hero and Martyr of American Independence. Washington, D.C.: Byron S. Adams. 

External links

Preceded by
Simón Bolívar
President of Bolivia
December 29, 1825 – April 18, 1828
Succeeded by
José María Pérez de Urdininea
Preceded by
José de la Riva Agüero
President of Peru
June 23, 1823 – July 17, 1823
Succeeded by
José Bernardo de Tagle


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antonio José de Sucre — (* 3. Februar 1795 in Cumaná, Vizekönigreich Neugranada (heute Venezuela); † 4. Juni 1830, ermordet im Wald von Berrucos, Großkolumbien (heute Kolumbien)) war ein südamerikanischer Freiheitskämpfer und engster Vertrauter Simón Bolívars …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antonio Jose de Sucre — Antonio José de Sucre Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sucre (homonymie). Antonio José de Sucre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio José De Sucre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sucre (homonymie). Antonio José de Sucre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio josé de sucre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sucre (homonymie). Antonio José de Sucre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio José de Sucre — nace en Cumaná, en el estado de Venezuela que actualmente lleva su nombre, en 1795, y muere en Sierra de Berruecos, Colombia, en 1830. Fue un líder de la independencia de los países de América de sur y amigo cercano de Bolívar. Militar y político …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonio José de Sucre — Para otros usos de este término, véase Sucre (desambiguación). Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antonio José de Sucre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sucre (homonymie). Antonio José de Sucre Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio Jose de Sucre — n. (1793 1830) Venezuelan general and South American independence leader who was the first president of Bolivia (1826 1828) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Antonio José de Sucre (municipalité) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Antonio José de Sucre et Sucre (homonymie). Antonio José de Sucre Symboles …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio José de Sucre Municipality — Venezuelan Municipality name= Antonio José de Sucre country= Venezuela state= Barinas shiretown= Socopó area= 2,975 km² (1,848.6 sq mi) population= 74,968 year estimate= 2007 population density= 25.2/km² (40.6/sq mi) mayor= Salvador Guerrero… …   Wikipedia


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