- Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington
Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork, and 1st Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, (
October 20, 1612- January 15, 1698), was Lord High Treasurerof Irelandand a cavalier.
He was born in The College in
Youghal, the second son and sixth child of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Corkand his second wife, formerly Catherine Fenton. Richard Boyle jnr., was knighted on August 13, 1624, at the his father's house in Youghal, by Lord Falkland, the Lord Deputy of Ireland. He then went on travels abroad with an annual allowance of £1500.
In 1639 he undertook to raise, arm, and provide 100 horse to attend upon King Charles I in his expedition into the north of England against the Scots. For this and other occcasions his father supplied him with £5553 sterling. Richard Boyle was returned as
Member of Parliamentfor Appleby in the Long Parliamentof 1640, and appointed a member of the Privy Council of England, but was subsequently excluded for his Royalist sympathies after the outbreak of the English Civil War.
He and Lord Inchiquin commanded the forces which defeated the Irish irregular army at the
Battle of Liscarrollon 3 September 1642, after which, with other successes, a cessation of hostilities was concluded with the Irish on September 15, 1643. He then applied to the King, in December, for consent to bring his regiment to serve him in England, and landed his men near Chesterthe following February. He then marched to the King's aid in Dorset, supplying this monarch with large sums of money for his cause.
He fought throughout the Civil War until the final defeat of the Royalist forces. The Commonwealth fined him £1631 sterling and he then went abroad, returning to Ireland at the request of the government, dated
January 2, 1651.
Peerages and appointments
Upon the death of his brother Lord Boyle of Kinalmeaky on
2 September 1642, Richard Boyle succeeded as 2nd Viscount Boyle of Kinalmeaky. King Charles I thereafter created him Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, in the County of York, on November 4 1644. He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Cork upon the death of his father on September 15, 1643.
Following the Restoration Lord Cork was appointed a
Privy Councillor; and Lord Treasurer of Irelandon 16 November 1660. On February 22, 1660he was made " Custos Rotulorum" of the counties of Cork and Waterford, and, on March 19, 1660, was appointed one of the Commissioners for the settlement of Ireland following the King's declaration to that effect of November 30, 1659. On June 25, 1661, he took his seat above all the peers, as Lord Treasurer, in the Irish Parliament.
He had a reversionary grant date
July 5, 1661, of the command of a troop of horse, and on March 24, 1662, he was made governor of the fort of Harbouling on the river Cork, @ six shillings a day.
King Charles II created him Earl of Burlington on
20 March 1664, and on March 13, 1666, he was appointed Lord Lieutenantof Yorkshire.
The Earl of Cork with several other noblemen and Bishops of the
Church of Irelandwere opposed to the attempts of King James II regarding the restoration of Roman Catholicism and petitioned the King on November 17, 1688to call a parliament "regular and free in all its circumstances". This petition had a hostile reception from James. Following the arrival of William of Orangein England King James removed to Ireland where he called a parliament in 1689, which passed a general act of attainderagainst the Protestants, and confiscated their estates, among whom was the earl of Cork. This was overturned by King William the following year.
March 3, 1691, he was appointed one of the newly incorporated Society of the Royal Fishery in Ireland.
Family and Death
At the age of 22 he married the 21-year-old Lady Elizabeth, daughter of
Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland, on 5 July 1635in Skipton Castle.
The first of their six children was Charles, Viscount Dungarvan (1639-1694) who was born in Youghal on
12 September 1639.
His second son was Richard Boyle, who died on
3 June 1665at the battle of Solebay.
Lord and Lady Burlington had four daughters: Frances, Elizabeth, Mary Anne and Henrietta.
When Lord Burlington died, on
6 January 1698, he was succeeded by his grandson (the son of his eldest son), Charles Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan.
He was buried on
3 February 1698at Londesboroughin Yorkshire.
* Lodge, John, Keeper of the Rolls, & Archdall, Mervyn, A.M., Rector of
Slane, County Meath, and Member of the Royal Irish Academy, "The Peerage of Ireland", Dublin, 1789, vol. 1, pp. 169–174.
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