- Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland
Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland (c. 1575-September 1633) was a coloniser and military officer. He was born in
Englandand educated at Exeter College, Oxford. In 1611 he became a supporter of the Northwest Passage Companyand was knightedin 1616. Cary was created first Viscount Falklandand Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1620. In that year he proposed a colonyin Newfoundland for settlement by Irish colonists. Cary was linked to the London and Bristol Companywhich had initiated colonisation of Newfoundland through his wife, Elizabeth Tanfield Cary, who was the daughter of Sir Laurence Tanfield, one of the leaders of the Company.
In 1620 the company granted him a large tract of land in the
Bonavista Peninsulawhich became known as "North Falkland". Soon after William Vaughan sold part of his land to Cary.
In 1623, Cary appointed Sir
Francis Tanfield, his wife's cousin, to be the colony's first Proprietary Governor. Tanfield established the colony of South Falklandin 1623. It was still in existence by 1626 but ultimately failed and Cary granted much of his land to Sir Henry Salisburywho had been Cary's only known investor.
Cary served as Lord Deputy of Ireland until 1629 when he returned to England.
British colonization of the Americas
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