Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland


Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland

Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland (c. 1575-September 1633) was a coloniser and military officer. He was born in England and educated at Exeter College, Oxford. In 1611 he became a supporter of the Northwest Passage Company and was knighted in 1616. Cary was created first Viscount Falkland and Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1620. In that year he proposed a colony in Newfoundland for settlement by Irish colonists. Cary was linked to the London and Bristol Company which had initiated colonisation of Newfoundland through his wife, Elizabeth Tanfield Cary, who was the daughter of Sir Laurence Tanfield, one of the leaders of the Company.

In 1620 the company granted him a large tract of land in the Bonavista Peninsula which became known as "North Falkland". Soon after William Vaughan sold part of his land to Cary.

In 1623, Cary appointed Sir Francis Tanfield, his wife's cousin, to be the colony's first Proprietary Governor. Tanfield established the colony of South Falkland in 1623. It was still in existence by 1626 but ultimately failed and Cary granted much of his land to Sir Henry Salisbury who had been Cary's only known investor.

Cary served as Lord Deputy of Ireland until 1629 when he returned to England.

ee also

*British colonization of the Americas


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