- Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy
Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy Active 1509-1814 Country Denmark-Norway Engagements Swedish War of Liberation (1510-23)
Count's Feud (1534-36)
Nordic Seven Years' War (1563-70)
Kalmar War (1611-13)
Torstenson War (1643-45)
Second Nordic War (1657-60)
Scanian War (1675-79)
Great Nordic War (1700 & 1709-20)
Battle of Copenhagen (1801)
Battle of Copenhagen (1807)
Gunboat War (1807-14)
Peter Tordenskjold Insignia Flag of the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy. Ratio: 56:107
The Royal Danish-Norwegian Navy or The Common Fleet also known simply as the Danish Navy was the naval force of the united kingdoms Denmark and Norway from 1509 to 12 April 1814. The fleet was established when the Royal Danish Navy and the Royal Norwegian Navy was combined by King Hans, when he ordered the ships Engelen and Maria. The common fleet was dissolved when Prince Christian Fredrik established the separate Royal Norwegian Navy on 12 April 1814.
The primary task of the fleet in the first period of its existence was to counter the power of the Hanseatic League and secure control in the Baltic sea. The fleet was one of the largest in Europe under King Christian IV with 50-60 larger battle ships and a large number of defensive ships. In the 17th and 18th centuries during the period of absolutism its primary aim was to control the strait of Øresund against Sweden. In this period it consisted of 20 ships of the line with an average of 60 guns, plus 20-40 frigates, large enough to counter the Royal Swedish Navy at the time. The number of guns on the ships of the line was smaller than the average number of the great sea powers of the time, but it was partly a deliberate decision of the admiralty, in order to make the ships able to navigate in the countless narrow waters around the Danish isles.
The navy was considered to be the King's personal property, and "the King's waters" consisted of the sea off Norway, Denmark, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland, large parts of the Baltic, the waters east of the North Cape and off Spitsbergen. For the entire period of its existence its main base was Holmen in Copenhagen, but on different occasions smaller task forces was stationed in Fredriksvern in Norway and in Glückstadt close to the mouth of the river Elbe.
In 1709 there were about 15,000 personnel enrolled in the common fleet. Of these 10 000 were Norwegian. When Tordenskjold made his famous raid at Dynekil in 1716, over 80% of the sailors and 90% of the soldiers were Norwegian.
During peace time most of the navy personnel served in the merchant fleet, which was of a considerable size in the 18th century. The main problem for Denmark-Norway in case of war was thus often to round up the required number of skilled sailors for the navy.
The navy was for a large part funded by Norwegian means as a royal resolution dictated that the income from Norway was to be used towards its construction and upkeep.
The majority of the ships of the line in the 17th and 18th centuries was named after the royalty of Denmark-Norway, as well as the lands of the kingdoms. At the end of the 18th century it became more common to name them in a national romantic vein, using names from the history of Denmark and from the Old Norse mythology.
This list is not complete.
- Engelen, (1504-?)
- Maria, (1504-?)
- Tre Kroner, orlogsskib (1601–1624)
- Sancte Sophia, orlogsskib (1624–1645)
- Norske Løve, orlogsskib (1634–1653)
- Frederik, orlogsskib (1649–1673)
- Sophia Amalia, orlogsskib (1650–1687)
- Prins Christian, aka. Prinsesse Charlotte Amalie and Enigheden, orlogsskib (1651–1679)
- Trefoldighed, orlogsskib (1652–1676)
- Norske Løve, orlogsskib (1654–1666)
- Prins Christian aka. Christianus Quintus, (1665–1708) Orlogsskib
- Norske Løve, orlogsskib (1665–1679)
- Hummeren, orlogsskib/frigate (1666–1700)
- Norske Løve, orlogsskib (1680–1715)
- Elephanten, royal yacht (1687–1721)
- Dannebrog, orlogsskib (1692–1710)
- Fredericus Quartus aka. Store Christianus Quintus (1699–1732) orlogsskib
- Hjælperinden, artillery pram (1718-?)
- Norske Løve, orlogsskib (1735–1764)
- Fridericus Quintus, orlogsskib (1753–1775)
- Søridderen, frigate (1758–1785)
- Norske Løve, orlogsskib (1765–1798)
- Christian den Syvende, orlogsskib (1767-?)
- Den Prægtige, orlogsskib (1768–1799)
- Dristigheden, bomb vessel (1771-?)
- Holsteen, ship of the line (1775–1801)
- Disco, frigate (1778-?)
- Friderichsværn, frigate (1783–1807)
- Speideren, cutter (1783–1799)
- Søehesten, gun barge (1785–1801)
- Aggershuus, cavalry pram (1786–1805)
- Indfødsretten, ship of the line (1787–1801)
- Hielperen, frigate (1787–1806)
- Lærken, lugger (1788–1797)
- Neptunus, orlogsskib (1789–1807)
- Najaden, frigate (1796–1807)
- Waldemar, orlogsskib (1797–1807)
- Prinds Christian Frederik, orlogsskib (1804–1808)
- Najaden, frigate (1811–1812)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal Norwegian Navy — This article is about the Royal Navy of Norway. For other Royal Navies, see Royal Navy (disambiguation). Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret Logo of Sjøforsvaret … Wikipedia
List of Royal Norwegian Navy ships — A list of Royal Norwegian Navy fleet units and vessels, both past and present. The list might not be fully up to date or complete. If you have any additional information, feel free to contribute. Ships from the years 1509 to 1814 might be listed… … Wikipedia
Royal Danish Navy — This article is about the Royal Navy of Denmark. For other Royal Navies, see Royal Navy (disambiguation). Royal Danish Navy Søværnet Logo of Søværnet Founded 1510 (1401) … Wikipedia
Royal Navy (disambiguation) — The term The Royal Navy without qualifications is used even by non Britons for the navy of the United Kingdom, which was for centuries the world s most powerful navy and is still a formidable force. Royal Navy can refer to the following:Current*… … Wikipedia
Dano-Swedish War (1658–1660) — Dano Swedish War (1658–60) Part of the Second Northern War Copenhagen, 11 February 1659. The Danish def … Wikipedia
Norwegian Army — Active 1628 present Country Norway … Wikipedia
Royal Netherlands Army — Active 9 January 1814–present Country … Wikipedia
Olfert Fischer — Portrait of Olfert Fischer Born August 4, 1747 … Wikipedia
Niels Juel — Portrait of Niels Juel by Jacob Coning Born May 8, 1629 … Wikipedia
Kristoffer Throndsen — Born c. 1500 Seim, Kvinnherad, Denmark–Norway, in present day Norway Died c. 1565 (aged c. 65) Nationality Norwegian Occupation Privateer; … Wikipedia