- Gunboat War
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=The Gunboat War
caption=Battle between the frigate
HMS Tartarand Norwegian gunboats near Bergen in 1808
combatant1=flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom
Denmark-NorwayThe Gunboat War ( 1807– 1814) was the naval conflict between Denmark–Norwayand the British Navy during the Napoleonic Wars. The war's name is derived from the Danish tactic of employing small gunboats against the conventional Royal Navy. These boats were originally designed by a Swede, Fredrik Henrik af Chapman.
The strategic advantage of gunboats lay in the fact that they could be produced rapidly and inexpensively throughout the kingdom. The tactical advantages were that they were highly manoeuvrable, especially in still and shallow waters and presented small targets. On the other hand, the boats were vulnerable, likely to sink from a single hit; could not be used in rough seas; and were less effective against large warships. More than 200 were eventually produced in two models: the
shallopgunboat had a crew of 76 men, with an 18- or 24-pounder cannonin the bow and another in the stern. The smaller bargetype had a total crew of 24, armed with a single 24-pounder.
While gunboat tactics were not employed until 1807, the naval conflict between Britain and Denmark commenced with the First Battle of Copenhagen in
1801when Horatio Nelson's squadron of Admiral Parker's fleet attacked the Danish capital to prevent Denmark from enforcing its own neutrality. Early in the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark-Norway set on a policy of armed neutrality, using its naval forces to protect trade flowing within, into, and out of Dano-Norwegian waters. In the Second Battle of Copenhagen in 1807, the British seized a large part of the Danish fleet, so the Dano-Norwegian government decided to build smaller gunboats in large numbers.
In the first three years of the Gunboat War, these boats were on several occasions able to capture cargo ships from the convoys and to defeat British naval brigs, though they were not strong enough to overcome larger
frigatesand ships of the line. The British had control of Danish waters during the whole of the 1807– 1814war, and when the season was suited to navigation they were regularly able to escort large merchant convoys out through the Sound and the Great Belt. On March 22 1808, the last Danish ship of the line " Prins Christian Frederik", commanded by Captain C.W. Jessen, was destroyed by two British ships of the line in the battle of Zealand Point. On 27 February 1811, Danish gunboats, manned by nearly 1,000 men including infantry forces, attempted to recapture the island of Anholt, but had to withdraw to Jutlandwith heavy losses. The last major fight between Danish and British men of war took place on July 6, 1812, when British warships destroyed the Danish frigate "Najaden" at the Battle of Lyngøron the Norwegian coast.
Battle of Copenhagen (1801)
* Second Battle of Copenhagen (1807)
Battle of Anholt
Battle of Lyngør
* Denmark in the Napoleonic Era
* [http://www.mil.no/sjo/start/fakta/historie/dagfordag/article.jhtml?articleID=92346 Kanonbåtkrigen 1807-14 (in Norwegian)]
* [http://www.orlogsmuseet.dk/kroneng322.htm Royal Danish Naval Museum: Denmark and Great Britain, 1801–1814]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
War of 1812 — This article is about the Anglo American War of 1812 to 1815. For other wars in 1812, see War of 1812 (disambiguation). War of 1812 The unfinished United States Capitol after the burning of Washington. Watercolor and i … Wikipedia
Gunboat diplomacy — [ SMS Panther , a famous example of the use of gunboat diplomacy from the Agadir Crisis.] In international politics, gunboat diplomacy refers to the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of military power… … Wikipedia
Gunboat — A gunboat is literally a boat carrying one or more guns. The term is rather broad, and the usual connotation has changed over the years (sometimes encompassing vessels which would otherwise be considered ships). History Age of sail In the age of… … Wikipedia
War of the Pacific — This article is about the 19th century war between Bolivia, Chile and Peru. For the Pacific theatre of WW II, see Pacific War. War of the Pacific … Wikipedia
War of 1812 Campaigns — The following is a synopsis of the Land Campaigns of the War of 1812.CanadaThis campaign includes all operations in the Canadian American border region except the battle of Chippewa and Lundy s Lane. The invasion and conquest of western Canada… … Wikipedia
War of the Triple Alliance — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= War of the Triple Alliance partof= caption=Colonel Faria da Rocha reviewing Brazilian troops in front of the Tayi market, 1868. date= 1864 1870 place= South America casus= territory= result= Allied victory… … Wikipedia
war — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. &v. See warfare. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. conflict, fighting, hostilities, combat; see battle 1 ; fight 1 . Types of wars include: air, guerrilla, shooting, ground, sea, amphibious, three dimensional,… … English dictionary for students
Peninsular War — For the 1862 American Civil War campaign, see Peninsula Campaign. Peninsular War Part of the Napoleonic Wars … Wikipedia
Dano-Swedish War of 1808-1809 — The Dano Swedish War of 1808 1809 Part of the Napoleonic Wars and the English Wars Norwegian soldiers on the march towards the S … Wikipedia
Swedish-Norwegian War (1814) — Swedish Norwegian War Part of Napoleonic Wars The Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814 … Wikipedia