HDMS Najaden (1811)


HDMS Najaden (1811)
Career (Denmark-Norway) Danish Navy Ensign
Builder: Hohlenberg at Nyholm, Copenhagen
Laid down: August 1808
Launched: 26 October 1811
In service: 29 February 1812
Fate: Destroyed in Battle 6 July 1812
General characteristics
Class and type: Frigate
Tons burthen: 1202
Length: 143 ft 6 in
Beam: 36 ft 6 in
Draught: 15 ft 10 in aft
Draft: 14 ft 10 in fore
Propulsion: sail
Complement: 336 men
Armament:
  • 26 x 18-pounder guns
  • 6 x 18-pounder carronades
  • 4 x 6-pounder guns
Notes: Captain Hans Peter Holm

HDMS Najaden was a frigate in the Royal Danish-Norwegian Navy. She was commissioned in 1811 and originally carried 36 guns, later being upgraded to 42. She served briefly during the Gunboat War only seeing action once, when on 6 July 1812 the British ship of the line HMS Dictator and the Cruizer-class brig-sloop HMS Calypso sank her during the Battle of Lyngør. The Battle of Lyngør effectively ended Denmark's involvement in the Napoleonic Wars.

Contents

Origin

During their occupation of Copenhagen in 1807, the British destroyed a partially built ship-of-the-line by hacking away the supports so that the ship fell on its port side, which crushed most of its timbers. The starboard side was essentially intact however, and the Danes used these timbers to build a new frigate – the Najaden.[Note 1]

Career

Najaden's maiden voyage on 29 February 1812 (a leap year) had been delayed by one day because the ship grounded whilst leaving Copenhagen harbour. She then dragged an anchor on arrival in Brekkestø, Norway, which led to rudder damage on rocks, which further delayed her entry on active service. Still, on this short voyage the ship had achieved a good average speed of ten knots. Then yet more early storm damage curtailed training of the crew.

Battle of Lyngør

Najaden's captain was the Danish naval officer Hans Peter Holm (1772-1812), who also commanded the squadron that consisted of the three brigs - Kiel, Lolland (or Laaland) and Samsøe. Eyeing an opportunity to enforce the blockade and break the back of Dano-Norwegian seapower, the British deployed the 64-gun third-rate ship-of-the-line Dictator and three brigs, the 18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop Calypso, 14-gun brig-sloop gun-brig edit] Notes

  1. ^ The name translates as "Water Nymph" - see mythology Naiad.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • HDMS Najaden (1796) — Najaden was a frigate in the Royal Dano Norwegian Navy. Her career spanned from 1796 to 1807. She may have replaced an earlier Najaden which some claim was commissioned in 1776. The name Najaden is equivalent to the English Naiads, and is most… …   Wikipedia

  • Najaden — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Najaden est le nom de : Navires de la Marine royale dano norvégienne (1509 1814) : La frégate HDMS Najaden (1796 à 1807). La frégate HDMS… …   Wikipédia en Français


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