Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Afghanistan Province Ghor Province Elevation 7,480 ft (2,280 m) Population - Total 15,000 Time zone UTC+4:30
Chaghcharān (Persian: چغچران), in historical literature as Chakhcherān, formerly known as Ahangaran, is a town and district in central Afghanistan, which serves as the capital of Ghor Province. It is located on the southern side of the Hari River, at an altitude of 2,280 meters above sea level.
Chaghcharan is linked by a 380-kilometre-long highway with Herat to the west and about the same distance with Kabul to the east. Due to severe weather, the road is often closed during winter and even in summer it can take three full days to drive from Chagcharan to Kabul.
It has a population of about 15,000, mostly Persian speaking. Chaghcharan Airport is located about 1 mile to the northeast of the town.
The region was home to various people of different religions before Islam was spread by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in the 10th century. Among the Zoroastrians, Buddhists and others, there were also some Jews. After the defeat of the Ghaznavids the area fell to the local Ghurids of Ghor in the 12th century.
Chakhcherān is mentioned by name in the 16th century Baburnama, describing Babur's visit in early 1507 while on his journey to Kabul. It was a town located in the Gharjistan region, between Herat, Ghor, and Ghazni.
In 2004, an independent FM radio station (Persian: راديو صداي صلح or Voice of Peace Radio) came on air in the town, the first independent media in this part of Afghanistan.
In June 2005, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) established a Lithuanian led Provincial Reconstruction Team in which Croatian, Danish, American, Ukrainian and Icelandic troops also serve.
Approximately 15,000 people live in the town, making it the largest in the province. The main inhabitants of Chaghcharan are Tajiks (96%), followed by 2% Pashtuns and 2% Hazaras.
There is an airstrip, Chaghcharan Airport, located northwest of the Hari River, one mile northeast of Chaghcharan. It is approximately 1800 metres in length, unpaved and capable of supporting small to medium sized aircraft. The main road from Changhcharan runs toward Herat in the west and Kabul in the east.
References and footnotes
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977): An Historical Guide to Afghanistan. 1st Edition: 1970. 2nd Edition. Revised and Enlarged. Afghan Tourist Organization. (Chapter 32 - Chakhcharan to Herat)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chaghcharan — چغچران Chaghcharan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chaghcharan — Original name in latin Chaghcharn Name in other language Caghcaran, Caghcan, Cakhcaran, Cakhcan, Chaghcharan, Chaghcharn, Chakcharan, Chakhcharan, Chekcheran, chghchran State code AF Continent/City Asia/Kabul longitude 34.51952 latitude 65.25094… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Chaghcharan — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Chaghcharān Country and Admin Code AF.09.7052997 AF … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Chaghcharan Airport — IATA: CCN – ICAO: OACC Summary Location Chaghcharan, Afghanistan Elevation AMSL 7,383 ft / 2,250 m … Wikipedia
Chaghcharan District — is one of the most populated districts in Ghor Province (115,000 in 2005). It is a mountainous district. The winter is severe and the roads are inaccessible because of the snow. The district center Chaghcharan is also the capital of the province … Wikipedia
Aérodrome de Chaghcharan — Code AITA Code OACI CCN OACC Localisation Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Чагчаран — (Chaghcharan)Chaghcharan, адм. центр пров. (вилаята) Гор в Афганистане … Страны мира. Словарь
Ghor Province — Geobox|Province country = Afghanistan country name = Ghor native name = غور map caption = Map of Afghanistan with Ghowr highlighted capital = Chaghcharan capital lat d =34 capital long d =65 population as of = 2002 population = 485000 population… … Wikipedia
AF-GHO — Provinz Ghor Hauptstadt Chaghcharan 34° 31′ … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ghowr — Provinz Ghor Hauptstadt Chaghcharan 34° 31′ … Deutsch Wikipedia