- British Nigerian
British Nigerian Total population Nigerian-born residents
88,378 (2001 Census)
154,000 (2009 ONS estimate)
Regions with significant populations Throughout the United Kingdom
In particular Greater London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool, Cardiff, Sheffield
A large number of Christians and Muslims, with a few identifying themselves with Traditional beliefs
Nigerians have formed long-established communities in London, Liverpool and other industrial cities. The earliest known Nigerian presence in London occurred over 200 years ago as a direct result of the transatlantic slave trade. Olaudah Equiano, born in what is now Nigeria, was involved in the debate that occurred in Britain over the abolition of the slave trade.
Prior to Nigeria's independence from Britain, gained in 1960, many Nigerians studied in the UK along with other countries such as France and the United States, with the majority returning to Nigeria upon completion of their studies. In the 1960s, civil and political unrest in Nigeria contributed to many refugees migrating to Britain, along with skilled workers. Nigerians migrated in larger numbers in the 1980s, following the collapse of the petroleum boom. This wave of migration has been more permanent than the pre-independence wave of temporary migration. Asylum applications from Nigerians peaked in 1995, when the repression associated with the military dictatorship of Sani Abacha was at its height.
Location Nigerian-born population
East Midlands 1,382 East of England 3,160 London 68,910 North East England 552 North West England 2,978 Scotland 1,253 South East England 4,719 South West England 1,431 Wales 588 West Midlands 1,759 Yorkshire and the Humber 1,399
British Nigerian pupils are one of the most successful groups academically, with 56% of black Nigerian pupils achieving 5 or more GCSEs at grades A* to C, compared to 42% of black Caribbean pupils achieving five or more GCSEs at grades A* to C in 2005.
The figure for White British children achieving five or more GCSEs at grades A* to C was 55% in 2005 
Research by the Institute for Public Policy Research, based on Labour Force Survey data from 2005/06, indicated that, on average, Nigerian-born residents in the UK left full-time education at the age of 21, compared to 17.5 for the UK-born population. Of the 25 country-of-birth groups included in the study, only French-born UK residents left full-time education at a higher average age.
The UK's largest concentration of Nigerians is found in the capital city, London. Peckham is now home to the largest overseas Nigerian community in the UK, with 7 per cent of the population of the Peckham census tract at the time of the 2001 Census having been born in Nigeria. Many of the local establishments are Yoruba owned. Nigerian churches and mosques can be found in the area. As immigrants have become assimilated, English has increasingly become the predominant language of the local Nigerian British population. The Yoruba language is declining in use in the Peckham area despite the growing Nigerian population.
Below is a table showing how many Nigerians were granted British citizenship and the right of abode in the period 1998 to 2008.
Persons granted citizenship 1998 3,550 1999 3,481 2000 5,594 2001 6,290 2002 6,480 2003 6,300 2004 6,280 2005 6,615 2006 5,875 2007 6,030 2008 4,530
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Nigerian diaspora Migration to the United Kingdom from Africa North AfricaAlgerian · Egyptian · Moroccan · Sudanese Horn of AfricaEthiopian · Somali East Africa Southern AfricaSouth African · Zimbabwean Central Africa West Africa
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