- List of protected areas of Peru
- 1 Natural heritage
- 2 National System of Natural State Protected Areas
- 3 National Forests
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Constitution of Peru of 1993 recognized the natural resources and ecosystem variety of its country as a heritage. In 1900, the National System of Natural Areas that are protected by the Government (SINANPE) was created. This entity depends on the National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA). Also created was a map of protection and preservation of historical-cultural heritage and nature.
This map has 63 natural areas (14,2% of the country surface area) that are preserved by the National Government: twelve national parks, eleven national reservations, seven national sanctuaries, four historical sanctuaries, two wild life refuges, two landscape reserves, six protected forests, seven communal reserves, two hunting enclosed lands and ten reserved zones.
National System of Natural State Protected Areas
- Cutervo, created in 1961 and located in Cajamarca, is the oldest Peruvian National Park. It contains many caves, including the San Andres Cave is a home of the endangered guacharo (oilbird)and Golden Quetzal.
- Tingo Maria is located in Huanuco. Its principal attraction is the Cueva de las Lechuzas (Owl Cave), another guacharo habitat.
- Manu, located in the departments of Madre de Dios and Cuzco. It is most representative of Amazon biodiversity. In 1977, UNESCO recognised it as a Reserve of Biosphere; and in 1987, it was pronounced a Natural Heritage of Humanity.
- Huascarán is located in Ancash. It was also pronounced a Natural Heritage of Humanity and recognized as Reserve of Biosphere. Peru's highest snow-covered mountain (6,768 m) is found here, also named Huascarán. This park is the habitat of the Puya Raimondi, the Cougar, the Jaguar, the Llama, the Guanaco, the Marsh Deer, the Peruvian tapir, the Peruvian Piedtail, a hummingbird species, and many kinds of ducks.
- Cerros de Amotape (Amotape Hills) is located in Piura and Tumbes. It has many dry-climate forests and endangered species such as the American crocodile.
- The Abiseo River Park, another Natural and Cultural Heritage of Humanity site, is located in San Martín.
- Yanachaga-Chemillen, a tropical forest preservation zone at 4,800 m, is located in Pasco. The Palcazu river, Huancabamba river, Pozuzo river and their affluents flows through the park. Some native communities still live in here. There are also archaeological fields from the Inca and Yanesha cultures.
- Bahuaja-Sonene is located in Madre de Dios. It contains Puno Department's tropical forests, the Heath Pampas and part of the Tambopata-Candamo Reservation Zone.
- Cordillera Azul
- Alto Purús
- Ichigkat muja - Cordillera del Condor
- Pampa Galeras – Barbara D’Achille is located in Ayacucho. It is the habitat of the vicuña.
- Junin is located in Junin. One of its main purposes is to protect the ecosystem and biodiversity of Lake Junin.
- Paracas is located in Ica. Its main purpose is to preserve the sea ecosystem and protect the historical and cultural heritage of the area.
- Lachay is located in Lima. Its main purpose is to restore and protect the ecosystem of the Lomas de Lachay (Lachay Hills).
- Pacaya-Samiria is located in Loreto. Its main purpose is to preserve the ecosystems of the Omagua Region and to promote the indigenous towns.
- Salinas and Aguada Blanca are located in Arequipa and Moquegua. Their main purpose is to preserve flora, fauna and landscape.
- Calipuy is located in La Libertad. Its main purpose is to protect guanaco populations.
- Titicaca is located in Puno. Its main purpose is to preserve Lake Titicaca's ecosystems and landscape.
National sanctuaries are areas of national importance for the protection of the habitat of specific species of flora and fauna, and natural formations of scientific or scenic interest.
- Lagunas de Mejia ("Mejia Lagoon")
- Manglares de Tumbes ("Mangroves of Tumbes")
- Manglares de Vice, found in the Sechura Province of Piura Region (the southernmost mangrove swamp system in the Pacific region; smaller than the Manglares de Tumbes National Sanctuary)
- Tabacones Namballe
- Aledaño Bocatoma del Canal Nuevo Imperial ("Adjacent to the Nuevo Imperial Canal Intake")
- Puquio Santa Rosa ("Santa Rosa (Water) Spring")
- San Matías–San Carlos
- Alto Mayo
Communal reserves are conservation areas for flora and fauna, allowing traditional use for the rural populations surrounding the areas. The use and marketing of the natural resources within the communal reserve is conducted by the same rural populations.
Reserve Date Area (ha) Yanesha 28 April, 1988 34,744 El Sira 22 June, 2001 616,413 Amarakaeri 9 May, 2002 402,335 Machiguenga 14 January, 2003 218,905 Asháninka 14 January, 2003 184,468 Purús 20 November, 2004 202,033 Tuntanain 10 August, 2007 94,967
Enclosed hunting lands
- Pantanos de Villa (Villa Swamps)
- Batán Grande
- Algarrobal El Moro
- Aymuru Lupaca
- Listo Sifaca
- Iperu, tourist information and assistance
- Tourism in Peru
- ^ a b c SINANPE, SINANPE protected areas, retrieved 5 february 2009.
- ^ Conservation International, South America Banks on Regional Strategy to Safeguard Quarter of Earth's Biodiversity. Retrieved on June 29, 2007.
- ^ Lambertini, A Naturalist's Guide to the Tropics, excerpt
- INRENA Official Website (Spanish)
Protected areas of Peru National Parks National Sanctuaries Historical Sanctuaries National Reserves Wildlife Refuge Landscape Reserves Communal ReservesAmarakaeri · Asháninka · El Sira · Machiguenga · Purús · Tuntanain · Yanesha National Forests Protection Forests Hunting enclosed lands Reserved Zones Protected areas of South America Sovereign states Dependencies and
- Falkland Islands
- French Guiana
- Peru-related lists
People Geography Nature Politics Institutions OtherSee also Peru
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