Great Union Day


Great Union Day
Great Union Day
Great Union Day
The National Assembly in Alba Iulia
(December 1, 1918)
Official name Romanian: Ziua Naţională a României
Also called Romanian: Ziua Marii Uniri
Observed by Romania
Date 1 December
Celebrations Military parades (most notably in Alba Iulia and Bucharest), fireworks
Observances Te Deum at the Alba Iulia Orthodox Cathedral

Great Union Day (Romanian: Ziua Marii Uniri, also called Unification Day[1]) occurring on December 1, is the national holiday of Romania. It commemorates the assembly of the delegates of ethnic Romanians held in Alba Iulia, which declared the Union of Transylvania with Romania.

This holiday was set after the 1989 Romanian Revolution and it marks the unification of Transylvania, but also of the provinces of Bessarabia and Bukovina with the Romanian Kingdom, in 1918.

Prior to 1918, the national holiday of Romania was set to be on May 10, which had a double meaning: it was the day on which Carol I set foot on the Romanian soil (in 1866), and it was the day on which the prince ratified the Declaration of Independence (from the Ottoman Empire) in 1877.

In Communist Romania, the date of the national holiday was set to August 23 to mark the 1944 overthrow of the pro-fascist government of Marshal Ion Antonescu.

Contents

Alba Iulia National Assembly

Romanian troops marching in Transylvania
The Resolution of the National Assembly

On December 1, 1918 (November 18 Old Style), the National Assembly of Romanians of Transylvania and Hungary, consisting of 1,228 elected representatives of the Romanians in Transylvania, Banat, Crişana and Maramureş, convened in Alba Iulia and decreed (by unanimous vote)

the unification of those Romanians and of all the territories inhabited by them with Romania.

The Resolution[2] voted by the National Assembly stipulated also the "fundamental principles for the foundation of the new Romanian State". It was conditional, and demanded the preservation of a democratic local autonomy, the equality of all nationalities and religions.

The Assembly also formed from 200 of its members, plus 50 co-opted members a High National Romanian Council of Transylvania, the new permanent parliament of Transylvania.

The next day, on December 2, 1918 the High National Romanian Council of Transylvania formed a government under the name of Directory Council of Transylvania (Consiliul Dirigent al Transilvaniei), headed by Iuliu Maniu.

On December 11, 1918, King Ferdinand signed the Law[3] regarding the Union of Transylvania, Banat, Crişana, the Satmar and Maramureş with the Old Kingdom of Romania, decreeing that

The lands named in the resolution of the Alba-Iulia National Assembly of the 18th of November 1918 are and remain forever united with the Kingdom of Romania.

See also

Romanian postcard issued cca. 1918-1919. Note the weird shape of western borders of Romania's map. The country is supposed to include all Maramureş, a bigger part of Crişana, with the possibility of having all Banat (the white area). The definitive borders will be established only in 1920.

References

Bibliography and external links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Union of Transylvania with Romania — was declared on OldStyleDate|December 1|1918|November 18. The national holiday of Romania, the Union Day (also called Unification Day [CIA World Factbook, [http://www.cia.gov/publications/factbook/geos/ro.html#Govt Romania Government] ] )… …   Wikipedia

  • Union Monument, Iaşi — Iaşi Union Monument Union Monument (Romanian: Monumentul Unirii), a monument of white marble in the Romanian city of Iaşi, was designed by Princess Olga Sturdza and unveiled in 1927 at the base of Carol Boulevard. It consists of a central piece… …   Wikipedia

  • Union of Christendom — • Includes the Catholic Church together with the many other religious communions which have either directly or indirectly, separated from it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Union of Christendom     Union of Christend …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Great Seal of the United States — Reverse of the Seal …   Wikipedia

  • Great Purge — ( ru. Большая чистка, transliterated Bolshaya chistka ) was a series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin in 1937 1938. Orlando Figes The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin s… …   Wikipedia

  • Union busting — is a practice that is undertaken by an employer or their agents to prevent employees from joining a labor union, or to disempower, subvert, or destroy unions that already exist.During contract negotiations, established unions may declare a strike …   Wikipedia

  • Great Central Railway (preserved) — Great Central Railway Great Central Railway D123 Kinchley Lane Locale Loughborough, Leicestershire, England Terminus Leices …   Wikipedia

  • Day Peckinpaugh (canal motorship) — DAY PECKINPAUGH, (canal motorship) U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Union Grove, Iredell County, North Carolina — Union Grove is a township and unincorporated community in Iredell County, North Carolina, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 2069. Union Grove Township was established in 1865 but the Union Grove Post Office existed prior to the …   Wikipedia

  • Union Cycliste Internationale — (UCI) is a cycling association that oversees competitive cycling events internationally. It is the world governing body for jurisdiction in the sport of cycling. The UCI is based in Aigle, Switzerland. The English translation is the International …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.