People's Republic of Mozambique


People's Republic of Mozambique
People's Republic of Mozambique
República Popular de Moçambique

1975–1990
Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Maputo
Language(s) Portuguese
Government Socialist republic,
Single-party communist state
President Samora Machel
Historical era Cold War
 - Established June 25, 1975
 - Disestablished December 1, 1990
Currency Mozambican metical

The People's Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: República Popular de Moçambique), was a self-declared socialist state (commonly known as a communist state in the West) that lasted from June 25, 1975 through December 1, 1990,[1] becoming the present day Republic of Mozambique.

After gaining independence from Portugal in 1975, the People's Republic of Mozambique was established shortly after the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique ("Frelimo"), which was led by Samora Moises Machel, engaged in a brutal civil war with the Mozambique National Resistance ("Renamo"), a guerilla movement initially financed by the Republic of Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe), but later replaced by apartheid South Africa, who supported and financed the group.[2]

The People's Republic of Mozambique enjoyed close ties with the People's Republic of Angola[3] and the Soviet Union,[4] both of which were communist states at the given time.[5] The People's Republic of Mozambique was also an observer of Comecon ("Council for Mutual Economic Assistance"), which was an economic organization of communist states.[6]

References


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