Order of Merit of the Italian Republic


Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Med-grcr-placca.jpg
Insignia of a Knight Grand Cross of the Republic
Awarded by  Italy
Type Order of knighthood
Eligibility Civilian and military divisions
Awarded for Meritorious service or achievement
Status Extant
Statistics
Established 3 March 1951
Precedence
Next (lower) Military Order of Italy

The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.[1] The highest ranking honour of the Republic; it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI.[2]

The order effectively replaced as national orders the Civil Order of Savoy (1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy (1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (1362), which the sovereign, as Grand Master, did not abdicate on the abolition of the monarchy and continues to award in exile as fons honorum.[3] Today, these continue merely as dynastic orders of the former Royal House of Savoy. Whilst their bestowal is suppressed by law in Italy, the continued use of those decorations conferred prior to 1951 is permitted, exclusive of any right of precedence in official ceremonies.[4]

Contents

Grades

Investiture takes place biannually on 2 June, anniversary of the foundation of the Republic and on 27 December, anniversary of the promulgation of the Italian Constitution. However, those awards on Presidential motu proprio, related to termination of service or granted to foreigners may be made at any time. The badge, modified in 2001, bears the inscription Al Merito della Repubblica encircling the national coat of arms on the obverse and Patriæ Unitati and Civium Libertati encircling the head of Italia Turrita on the reverse.[5] The five degrees with corresponding ribbons are as follows (with numbers to June 2011):

Insignia of a Knight of the Italian Republic, since 2001
Ribbon
(1951-2001)
Ribbon
(since 2001)
Class (English) Full title in Italian Awards
Cordone di gran Croce di Gran Cordone OMRI BAR.svg ITA OMRI 2001 GC-GCord BAR.svg Knight Grand Cross with Collar Cavaliere di Gran Croce Decorato di Gran Cordone Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
Cordone di gran Croce OMRI BAR.svg ITA OMRI 2001 GC BAR.svg 1st Class / Knight Grand Cross Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 8,722
Grande ufficiale OMRI BAR.svg ITA OMRI 2001 GUff BAR.svg 2nd Class / Grand Officer Grande Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 24,006
Commendatore OMRI BAR.svg ITA OMRI 2001 Com BAR.svg 3rd Class / Commander Commendatore Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 45,282
Ufficiale OMRI BAR.svg ITA OMRI 2001 Uff BAR.svg 4th Class / Officer Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 28,904
Cavaliere OMRI BAR.svg ITA OMRI 2001 Cav BAR.svg 5th Class / Knight Cavaliere Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 123,349

The order is bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, as head of the orders of knighthood, on the recommendation of the President of the Council of Ministers. Except in exceptional circumstances, no one can be awarded for the first time a rank higher than Knight. The minimum age requirement is normally 35.

See also

References

  1. ^ Sainty, Guy Stair World Orders of Knighthood and Merit (pp.1233-4) Buckingham: Burke's Peerage and Gentry, 2006
  2. ^ The linguist: Journal of the Institute of Linguists, Volumes 42-44 Institute of Linguists (Great Britain). Institute of Linguists, 2003, pg. 121
  3. ^ Ordini Cavallereschi del Regno d'Italia Corpo della Nobiltà Italiana (retrieved 10 September 2009)
  4. ^ LEGGE 3 marzo 1951, n. 178 Istituzione dell'Ordine "Al Merito della Repubblica Italiana" e disciplina del conferimento e dell'uso delle onorificenze (Gazzetta Ufficiale 30 marzo 1951, n. 73)
  5. ^ By Decree of the President of the Republic No. 173 of 30 March 2001

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Order of Merit for Labour — Republican insignia of the order Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Merit (disambiguation) — Order of Merit may refer to: Extant national orders: Order of Merit of Antigua and Barbuda, see Commonwealth realms orders and decorations Order of Merit (Austria) Order of Merit of the Bahamas Order of Merit of the Police Forces (Canada) Order… …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus — Insignia of a Commander of SS. Maurice and Lazarus Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity — Insignia of a Grand Officer of the Star of Italian Solidarity Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Order of the Crown of Italy — Insignia of a Knight Grand Cross of the Crown Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Vittorio Veneto — Obverse and reverse Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Order of the Roman Eagle — The Fascist Order of the Roman Eagle founded in 1942 with civil and military divisions,[1] was abolished in Italy in 1944;[2] although it continued to be awarded by Benito Mussolini in the short lived Italian Social Republic until 1945.[3] An… …   Wikipedia

  • Order of the Most Holy Annunciation — Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation Insignia of a Knight of the Most Holy Annunciation Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary — The Royal Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen Royal Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen, Grand Cross …   Wikipedia

  • Italian honorifics — These are some of the honorifics used in Italy.NobilityAs part of the republican constitution that became effective in Italy on 1 January 1948, titles of nobility ceased to be recognized in law (although they were not, strictly, abolished or… …   Wikipedia