Luigi Einaudi


Luigi Einaudi

Infobox_President
name = Luigi Einaudi


caption =
order = II President of the Italian Republic
primeminister = Alcide De Gasperi
Giuseppe Pella
Amintore Fanfani
Mario Scelba
term_start = May 12 1948
term_end = May 11 1955
predecessor = Enrico De Nicola
successor = Giovanni Gronchi
order2 = Governor of Banca d'Italia
term_start2 = 1945
term_end2 = 1948
predecessor2 = Vincenzo Azzolini
successor2 = Donato Menichella
order3 = Lifetime Senator
term_start3 = May 11, 1955
term_end3 = October 30, 1961
constituency3 = "Constituency Created"
birth_date = birth date|1874|3|24|mf=y
birth_place = Carrù, Italy
nationality = Italian
death_date = death date and age|1961|10|30|1874|3|24|mf=y
death_place = Rome, Italy
spouse = Ida Pellegrini
party = Italian Liberal Party
religion = Roman Catholic

Luigi Einaudi, Cavaliere di Gran Croce decorato di Gran Cordone OMRI [ [http://www.quirinale.it/onorificenze/DettaglioDecorato.asp?idprogressivo=32672&iddecorato=32219 quirinale.it] ] (March 24 1874 - October 30 1961) was an Italian politician and economist. He served as the President of the Italian Republic between 1948 and 1955.

Early life

Einaudi was born in Carrù, in the province of Cuneo, Piemonte. He completed his university studies in Turin, where he got acquainted with the Socialist ideas and collaborated with the magazine "Critica sociale", directed by the socialist leader Filippo Turati. In 1895 he graduated in jurisprudence, and was later appointed as professor in the University of Turin, the Polytechnic University of Turin and the Bocconi University of Milan.

Early political life

From the early 20th century Einaudi moved increasingly towards a more conservative stance. In 1919 he was named Senator of the Kingdom of Italy. He also worked as a journalist for important Italian newspapers such as "La Stampa" and "Il Corriere della Sera", as well as being financial correspondent for the "The Economist". He stopped working for Italian newspapers from 1926, resuming his professional relationship with the "Corriere della Sera" after the fall of the Fascist regime in 1943. After the Armistice with Italy (September 8, 1943) he fled to Switzerland, returning to Italy in 1944.

Einaudi was Governor of the Bank of Italy from january 5 1945 until May 11 1948, and was also a founding member of the Consulta Nazionale which opened the way to the new Parliament of the Italian Republic after World War II. Later he was Minister of Finances, Treasury and Balance, as well as Vice-Premier, in 1947-1948.

President of the Italian Republic

On May 11 1948 he was elected the second President of the Italian Republic. At the end of the seven year term of office in 1955 he became Life Senator.

Einaudi was a member of numerous cultural, economic and university institutions. He was a supporter of the ideal of European Federalism. He also personally managed the activities of his farm near Dogliani, where he applied the most advanced agricultural developments.

Luigi Einaudi died in Rome in 1961.

Family

Both his son Giulio, a prominent Italian publisher, and his grandson, Ludovico, a minimalist composer, have subsequently made names for themselves.

Another son, Mario, was a Cornell University professor and active anti-fascist. The [http://www.einaudi.cornell.edu/ Mario Einaudi Center For International Studies] is named after him. Additionally, Luigi founded the [http://www.fondazioneeinaudi.it/ Fondazione Luigi Einaudi] in Turin in honor of his father.

Bibliography

*"Principi di scienza delle finanze" (1932)
*"Il buon governo" (1954)
*"Prediche inutili "(1956-1959)
* [http://www.polyarchy.org/basta/documenti/einaudi.1919.html Tracotanze protezionistiche (1919)]
* [http://www.polyarchy.org/basta/documenti/einaudi.1944.html Via il Prefetto (1944)]

External links

* [http://www.quirinale.it/ex_presidenti/Einaudi/Einaudi.htm Biography at the Official Website of Presidency of Italian Republic] it icon

References

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