- College ice hockey
College hockey refers to ice hockey played between colleges with their teams composed of enrolled students. College hockey is played in Canada and the United States, though leagues outside of North America exist.
In Canada, college hockey refers to community college and small college ice hockey (not university level) that operates under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Colleges Athletic Association (CCAA). It consists of two conferences, being the Alberta Colleges Athletics Conference (ACAC) and the Ontario Colleges Athletic Association (OCAA).
In the United States, college hockey refers to ice hockey played between colleges and universities with the competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
In the NCAA, two of the three membership divisions, Division I and Division III, hold national championships, and the hockey teams of schools that are generally Division II members compete in either D-I (in the majority of such instances) or D-III.
- 1 NCAA
- 2 CIS
- 3 ACHA
- 4 NAIH
- 5 National Junior College Athletic Association
- 6 Outdoor games in the 21st century
- 7 Longest-running annual international rivalry
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
NCAA ice hockey is played by teams that hail from cold-weather areas of the Northeast, Midwest, Alaska, and Colorado due to the sport's popularity in those regions. The University of Alabama in Huntsville is the sole NCAA program in the Southeastern US. As of 2011 there are 59 Division I men's ice hockey teams, 6 Division II men's ice hockey teams, and 73 Division III men's ice hockey teams. There are also 34 Division I women's ice hockey teams and 52 Division III women's ice hockey teams.
The teams that play college hockey are split into conferences, which themselves are classified within one of the NCAA's three overall athletic divisions. Because of the limited number of Division I colleges sponsoring ice hockey, Division I teams compete in special hockey-only conferences that are unconnected with their member schools' various primary athletic conferences (the ones they belong to for basketball, football and other sports). The majority of hockey-playing Division III colleges also compete in hockey-only conferences, although a few Division III athletic conferences do sponsor hockey.
One Division I non-hockey conference, the Ivy League, crowns hockey champions for both men and women. Six of the eight Ivies sponsor intercollegiate hockey programs for both sexes, and all are members of ECAC Hockey. The Ivy League uses the results of its members in ECAC play to determine Ivy champions. The Big Ten plans to add a men's hockey championship in 2013-14.
Until 1999, the NCAA also sponsored a Division II championship. It was suspended following 1999, due to a lack of sponsoring schools. Currently, the few remaining Division II teams play up in Division I or play down in Division III. The Northeast Ten Conference is the only Division II conference to sponsor ice hockey. It holds a postseason tournament for its member schools playing in Division III hockey because the NCAA prohibits Division II teams from competing in Division III postseason play.
- Division I
- Atlantic Hockey
- Big Ten (Beginning with the 2013-14 Season)
- Central Collegiate Hockey Association
- National Collegiate Hockey Conference (Beginning during the 2013-14 Season as announced on July 9, 2011 by the athletic directors of six schools)
- ECAC Hockey
- Hockey East
- Western Collegiate Hockey Association
- Independent Colleges
- Division II - does not exist in Men's Hockey: all teams have moved to Div I or III as of 1999. The Northeast Ten Conference does hold a post season tournament for its member schools fielding ice hockey teams.
- Division III
- ECAC East
- ECAC Northeast
- ECAC West
- Eastern College Athletic Conference
- Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference
- Midwest Collegiate Hockey Association
- Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
- New England Small College Athletic Conference
- Northern Collegiate Hockey Association
- State University of New York Athletic Conference
- Division I
- Division I
- Division II
- Division III
The NCAA holds a yearly postseason tournament for the national championship, the Division I national champion is crowned through the NCAA Men's Division I Hockey Championship.
The Frozen Four is the trademarked name of the final two rounds of the NCAA Division I championship of ice hockey in the USA. Schools advance in a single-elimination tournament from four regional sites to a single site, where the national semifinals and final game are played. The NCAA started a Women's Frozen Four beginning in the 2000-01 season.
American Women's College Hockey Alliance champions
Prior to the NCAA establishing a women's ice hockey championship, the AWCHA held a championship from 1997-98 season to 1999-2000 season. Below are those champions.
- 1998 New Hampshire
- 1999 Harvard
- 2000 Minnesota
Men's U.S. college hockey has proven to be a significant feeder system to the National Hockey League. In 2010-11, 30 percent of NHL players (a total of 294) had U.S. college hockey experience prior to turning professional. That number represented an increase of 35% from 10 years ago. Among the top former U.S. college players in the NHL are Martin St. Louis, Ryan Miller, Jonathan Toews and Tim Thomas.
- Hobey Baker Memorial Award
- The Hobey Baker Memorial Award, first presented in 1981, honors the top player in Men’s Division I hockey. It is named for Hobey Baker, regarded as the first true star of American hockey. A 1914 graduate of Princeton, Baker went on to serve in World War I. He died in December 1918, shortly after the war ended, when the plane he was flying crashed hours before he was scheduled to return to the U.S. Finalists are chosen based on strength of character both on and off the ice, contributions to the integrity of the team, outstanding skills in all phases of the game, and scholastic achievement and sportsmanship, with the winner being announced annually during the off-day between the semifinal and championship rounds at the Frozen Four.
- Patty Kazmaier Memorial Award
- The Patty Kazmaier Memorial Award is named after Patty Kazmaier, a standout defenseman from Princeton from 1981 to 1986 who lost her life following a battle with a rare blood disease. First awarded in 1998, the Kazmaier award is given annually by USA Hockey to the top player in Women’s Division I program. As with the Hobey Baker Award, the Kazmaier Award is presented on the off-day between the semifinal and championship games at the Women’s Frozen Four. Nomination criteria include “Outstanding individual and team skills, sportsmanship, performance in the clutch, personal character, competitiveness and a love of hockey. Consideration will also be given to academic achievement and civic involvement.”
U.S. college hockey players must be deemed eligible for NCAA competition by the NCAA Eligiblity Center, a process that examines a student-athlete's academic qualifications and amateur status. Players who have participated in the Canadian Hockey League or any other professional hockey league are considered ineligible for NCAA Division I hockey.
University hockey teams in Canada compete in leagues as part of Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS), the national governing body for Canadian collegiate athletics. The CIS sponsors both men's and women's hockey. Like in the United States, teams compete in athletic conferences/leagues based on geographical locations of the schools. Unlike the NCAA the CIS does not award players with athletic scholarships, resulting in a lack of divisional separation such as found between NCAA divisions. Individual conferences hold postseason tournaments, followed by the round-robin CIS Championship tournament in late March.
The American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) is the sanctioning body for non-NCAA club ice hockey in the United States. The organization provides structure, regulations and promotes the quality of collegiate ice hockey. Teams separated into three men's and two women's divisions with over 300 teams from across the United States. The majority of the ACHA schools don't offer NCAA hockey, there are some schools that offer both a club team in the ACHA and a varsity team in the NCAA. ACHA teams attract considerable on-campus attention and the quality of play is considered quite high, especially in the top division.
The National Association of Intercollegiate Hockey (NAIH) was established in 2011 as an alternative to the ACHA. The organization is made up of 11 non-ACHA and non-NCAA ice hockey teams located in the Northeastern United States. After the initial 11-team 2011-12 season, the NAIA hopes to expand in the United States and Canada.
National Junior College Athletic Association
The National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) sponsors men's ice hockey at the NJCAA division I level. 9 schools play hockey as members of the NJCAA, many also play against and are members of the ACHA.
NJCAA schools that field Men's Ice Hockey:
- Broome Community College
- Community College of Allegheny County-North
- County College of Morris
- Dakota College at Bottineau
- Erie Community College
- Hibbing Community College
- Hudson Valley Community College
- Mohawk Valley Community College
- Monroe Community College
Outdoor games in the 21st century
- Cold War - October 6, 2001 Michigan vs Michigan State (Spartan Stadium)
- Frozen Tundra Hockey Classic February 11, 2006, Ohio State vs Wisconsin (Lambeau Field)
- Frozen Fenway, January 8, 2010 Boston University vs Boston College (Fenway Park)
- New Jersey Pond Hockey Classic - January 9, 2010 University of Maryland Baltimore County vs Rowan University (Navesink Country Club, Middletown, NJ)
- Culver's Camp Randall Hockey Classic February 6, 2010 Michigan vs Wisconsin (Camp Randall Stadium)
- The Big Chill at the Big House – December 11, 2010 held at Michigan Stadium set the hockey attendance record when 104,173 fans watched Michigan defeat Michigan State 5-0.
- January 8, 2010 Northeastern vs New Hampshire Fenway Park
- Culver's Camp Randall Hockey Classic February 6, 2010 Bemidji State vs Wisconsin Camp Randall Stadium
Longest-running annual international rivalry
A rivalry between the United States Military Academy (Army) Black Knights and the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) Paladins resulted in an annual West Point Weekend hockey game. The series was first played in 1923, and was claimed to be the longest-running annual international sporting event in the world. Army and RMC played continuously from 1949 until 2007, when scheduling conflicts forced the academies to abandon the scheduled game. The series will resume in 2011-12 and continue for the next two seasons at least.
- Beanpot (ice hockey) (tournament)
- College athletics
- Great Lakes Invitational
- List of defunct college hockey teams
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship
- NCAA Women's Ice Hockey Championship
- ^ http://www.rauzulusstreet.com/hockey/college/canadian.htm
- ^ NCAA Winter Sports
- ^ Championship Crossroads- by David Pickle, The NCAA News. Nov 9, 1998.
- ^ http://collegehockeyinc.com/view/ncaa/news/news_25488
- ^ Harvard Senior Julie Chu Wins Kazmaier
- ^ http://cis.infinityprosports.com/2004/index.php?page=schedule&season_id=2008&sport_name=mhockey&playoffs=1
- ^ http://www.nhl.com/ice/news.htm?id=394182
- ^ http://www.collegehockeynews.com/news/2005/10/14_kennesaw.php
- ^ a b "New Room Press Release". NAIH. August 16, 2011. http://www.naihockey.com/. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
- ^ Staff (December 12, 2010). "Record crowd watches hockey game". Associated Press. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncaa/news/story?id=5909615. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- ^ "Army-RMC Rivalry". Go Army Sports.com. http://www.goarmysports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11100&KEY=&ATCLID=576395. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- ^ Crowly, R, and Guinzburg, T: "West Point: Two Centuries of Honor and Tradition" (ISBN 0-446-53018-2), page 234. Warner Books, 2002.
- ^ http://www.collegehockeynews.com/news/2006/02/08_top10.php
- ^ http://www.goarmysports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?SPSID=48075&SPID=4588&DB_LANG=C&ATCLID=205156136&DB_OEM_ID=11100
- ACHA Hockey
- The College Hockey Directory
- College Hockey, Inc.
- College Hockey News
- Hobey Baker Memorial Award
- Inside College Hockey
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey
- NCAA Women's Ice Hockey
- U.S. College Hockey Online
National Collegiate Athletic Association NCAA Division I sports
Institutions • Athletic Directors • Baseball (Championship, CWS) • Basketball (Men, Women) • Women's Bowling • Boxing • Cross Country (Men, Women) • Fencing (Championship) • Women's Field Hockey • Football (FBS / BCS, FCS) • Golf (Men, Women) • Gymnastics (Men, Women) • Ice Hockey (Men, Women) • Lacrosse (Men, Women) • Rifle • Rowing (Women's Championship) • Skiing • Soccer (Men, Women) • Softball (Championship, CWS) • Swimming & Diving (Men, Women) • Tennis (Men, Women) • Track & Field (Men's Indoor & Outdoor, Women's Indoor & Outdoor) • Volleyball (Men, Women) • Water Polo (Men, Women) • Wrestling (Championship)
Division II Division III
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ice hockey at the Olympic Games — Representing Canada, the Winnipeg Falcons (pictured en route to the 1920 Summer Olympics) were the first Olympic champions in ice hockey. Governing body … Wikipedia
Ice hockey — sport imagesize=250px caption=Two defencemen and a goaltender guard their goal. The referee s raised arm indicates that he intends to call a penalty. union=International Ice Hockey Federation nickname=Hockey first=March 3, 1875, Victoria Skating… … Wikipedia
ice hockey — a game played on ice between two teams of six skaters each, the object being to score goals by shooting a puck into the opponents cage using a stick with a wooden blade set at an obtuse angle to the shaft. [1880 85] * * * Game played on an ice… … Universalium
Ice Hockey Varsity Match — The Ice Hockey Varsity Match is a longstanding competition between the Cambridge and Oxford University Ice Hockey Clubs. Tradition places the origin of the match in 1885, when a game is said to have been played in St Moritz. This date is… … Wikipedia
Ice hockey stick — An ice hockey stick is a piece of equipment used in ice hockey to shoot, pass, and carry the puck. Ice hockey sticks are approximately 150 200 cm long, composed of a long, slender shaft with a flat extension at one end called the blade. The blade … Wikipedia
ice hockey — noun a game played on an ice rink by two opposing teams of six skaters each who try to knock a flat round puck into the opponents goal with angled sticks • Syn: ↑hockey, ↑hockey game • Members of this Topic: ↑hat trick, ↑face off, ↑assist, ↑icing … Useful english dictionary
Ice hockey equipment — In ice hockey, players use specialized equipment both to facilitate the play of the game and for protection. Background The hard surfaces of the ice and boards, pucks flying at high speed (over 160 kilometers per hour (100 mph) at times), and… … Wikipedia
Ice hockey rules — The majority of ice hockey around the world is played under the umbrella of three organizations, Hockey Canada, USA Hockey, and the International Ice Hockey Federation, each with their own set of rules. Hockey Canada and USA Hockey rulebooks are… … Wikipedia
Ice hockey at the 1980 Winter Olympics — At the 1980 Winter Olympics hosted in Lake Placid, New York, one Ice Hockey event was held: Men s Ice Hockey, played at the Olympic Center, now known as the Herb Brooks Arena. Background These Olympics came at a difficult time for United States… … Wikipedia
Ice hockey broadcasting — As with most professional sports, ice hockey is broadcast both on radio and television.HistoryThe first complete hockey game carried over the radio was on March 14, 1923 in Canada on CKCK out of Regina, Saskatchewan and reported by Pete Parker.… … Wikipedia