Masaki Kobayashi

Masaki Kobayashi
Masaki Kobayashi
Born February 14, 1916(1916-02-14)
Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan
Died October 4, 1996(1996-10-04) (aged 80)
Tokyo, Japan
Occupation Film director, producer, writer

Masaki Kobayashi (小林 正樹 Kobayashi Masaki?, February 14, 1916 – October 4, 1996) was a Japanese film director.



Among his films is Kwaidan (1965), a collection of four ghost stories drawn from the book Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things by Lafcadio Hearn, each of which has a surprise ending. The film won the Special Jury Prize at the 1965 Cannes Film Festival[1], and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Foreign Language Film.[2]

Kobayashi also directed The Human Condition, a trilogy on the effects of World War II on a Japanese pacifist and socialist. The total length of the films is over nine hours. Other notable films include Harakiri (1962) and Samurai Rebellion (1967). Harakiri won him an award at the 1963 Cannes Film Festival, solidifying his place in the history of cinema.

In 1969, he was a member of the jury at the 19th Berlin International Film Festival.[3]

He was also a candidate for directing the Japanese sequences for Tora! Tora! Tora!, once Akira Kurosawa left the film. But instead Kinji Fukasaku and Toshio Masuda were chosen.

Personal life

Kobayashi, himself a pacifist, was drafted into the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, but refused to fight and refused promotion to a rank higher than private.[4]


  • 1952: My Sons' Youth (Musuko no seishun)
  • 1953: The Thick-Walled Room (Kabe atsuki heya)
  • 1953: Sincerity (Magokoro)
  • 1954: Three Loves (Mittsu no ai)
  • 1954: Somewhere Under the Broad Sky (Kono hiroi sora no dokoka ni)
  • 1955: Beautiful Days (Uruwashiki saigetsu)
  • 1956: The Spring (Izumi)
  • 1956 I'll Buy You (Anata kaimasu)
  • 1957: Black River (Kuroi kawa)
  • 1959–1961: The Human Condition trilogy
  • 1962: The Inheritance (Karami-ai)
  • 1962: Seppuku (Harakiri)
  • 1964: Kaidan (a.k.a Ghost Stories or Kwaidan)
  • 1967: Samurai Rebellion (Jōi-uchi: Hairyō-tsuma shimatsu)
  • 1968: Hymn to a Tired Man (Nihon no seishun)
  • 1971: Inn Of Evil (Inochi bô ni furô)
  • 1975: The Fossil (Kaseki)
  • 1979: Glowing Autumn (Moeru aki)
  • 1983: Tokyo Trial (Tokyo saiban)
  • 1985: Family Without a Dinner Table (Shokutaku no nai ie)

Film availability

  • The Human Condition (1959–61)
    • DVD: Region 0 NTSC: The Criterion Collection (USA)
  • Seppuku, a.k.a. Harakiri (1962)
    • DVD: Region 0 NTSC: The Criterion Collection (USA)
    • Blu-ray: Region 1: The Criterion Collection (USA)
    • Blu-ray: Region 2: The Masters of Cinema Series (UK)
  • Kaidan (Ghost Stories), a.k.a. Kwaidan (1964)
    • DVD: Region 2 NTSC: The Masters of Cinema Series (UK) (Complete Version)
    • DVD: Region 1 NTSC: The Criterion Collection (USA) (Incomplete Version)
  • Jōi-uchi: Hairyō-tsuma shimatsu (An Order to Kill: Over a Wife Bestowed, as It Were), a.k.a. Samurai Rebellion (1967)
    • DVD: Region 0 NTSC: The Criterion Collection (USA)


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Masaki Kobayashi — (jap. 正樹 小林, Kobayashi Masaki; * 14. Februar 1916 in Otaru, Hokkaidō; † 4. Oktober 1996 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Kobayashi galt als einer der besten und präzisesten Regisseure Japans, bekannt wurde er durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaki Kobayashi — Nacimiento 14 de febrero de 1916 Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japón Fallecimiento 4 de octubre de 1996 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Masaki Kobayashi — Données clés Naissance 14 février 1916 Otaru, Hokkaidō,  Japon Nationalité Japonaise Décès 4 octobre 19 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KOBAYASHI MASAKI — 1916 1996 En France, le nom du réalisateur japonais Kobayashi Masaki est essentiellement lié à deux films, qui connurent à leur sortie un certain succès et qui sont devenus des classiques: Harakiri (1963) et Kwaidan (1964), tous deux présents au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Masaki — may refer to: Masaki, Ehime in Japan Masaki, Tanzania Masaki, common male Japanese given name Masaki Aiba(相葉雅紀),actor and musician Masaki Aizawa(相沢正輝),seiyu Masaki Etō(江藤正樹),wrestler, Olympic silver medalis Masaki Fukai(深井正樹),football pla …   Wikipedia

  • Kobayashi — (小林 small forest ) is the 9th most common Japanese surname.People* Aimi Kobayashi (pianist) * Chizu Kobayashi (go player) * Daniel Kobayashi (baseball writer) * Forrest Kobayashi (swim coach) * Hideaki Kobayashi (video game music composer) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Kobayashi — est un nom de famille répandu au Japon et peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Localité 2 Patronyme 3 Dans la fiction 4 Autres Localité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kobayashi — (jap. 小林, dt. „kleiner Wald“) bezeichnet: Kobayashi (Miyazaki), eine Stadt in der japanischen Präfektur Miyazaki Kobayashi ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aimi Kobayashi (* 1995), klassische Pianistin Chizu Kobayashi (* 1954),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaki Sumitani — Born December 18, 1975 (1975 12 18) (age 35) Harima, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan Occ …   Wikipedia

  • Masaki Sumitani — le 13 avril 2008 Nom(s) de ring Razor Ramon Hard Gay Razor Ramon HG Taille 1,85 m Poids 90 kg Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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