- Harakiri (1962 film)
name = Harakiri
Shinobu Hashimoto Yasuhiko Takiguchi
Tatsuya Nakadai Rentaro Mikuni Shima Iwashita Akira Ishihama
September 16, 1962( Japan)
runtime = 135 min.
language = Japanese
amg_id = 1:94319
imdb_id = 0056058
"Harakiri" (Japanese: 切腹, "Seppuku") (1962) is a
Japanese film directed by Masaki Kobayashi. The story takes place between 1619 and 1630 during the Edo periodand the reign of the Tokugawa shogunate. It tells of a ronin, Hanshiro Tsugumo, who instead of committing " seppuku" (better known in the West by the colloquial term "harakiri") after his lord was deposed, was ordered to stay alive in order to care for his daughter and grandson as well as his son-in-law, the son of another samuraiwho had committed the ritual suicide.
At the start of the film, Hanshiro Tsugumo shows up at the house of a feudal
lord, Kageyu Saito, looking for a suitable place to commit seppuku. At the time, it is told, it was fairly common for disgraced samurai to make the same request, or threat, in order to receive a pittance from the lord of the house. To discourage Hanshiro, Kageyu Saito recounts the story of another ronin, Motome Chijiiwa, who made the same request earlier in the year and was forced by the samurai retainers of the house to go through with the threat. Tsugumo is not discouraged, however, and looks determined to prove that he isn't making idle threats.
While getting ready for the suicide, Hanshiro Tsugumo recounts his tale to Kageyu Saito and his retainers. His lord's house was considered a threat and toppled by forces of the shogunate. His friend, another samurai, committed seppuku and left Tsugumo to look after his son, who it turns out was Motome Chijiiwa. With the responsibility of looking after Chijiiwa and also his own daughter Miho, Hanshiro is unable to choose the 'honorable' way to end his life, and instead has to live in poverty and work menial jobs in order to support his family.
When they get older, Motome Chijiiwa and Miho Tsugumo end up getting married and have a son, Kingo, but still live on in poverty. When Miho and Kingo get ill, they can't afford the services of a
physicianand Chijiiwa comes up with the plot of threatening to commit seppuku at a lord's house with previously seen results. With no money, Miho and Kingo end up dying from their illnesses.
Before coming to Kageyu Saito's house, Hanshiro Tsugumo tracks down three retainers of the house, Hikokuro Omodaka, Hayato Yazaki and Umenosuke Kawabe, who he blames for the deaths of his family. Instead of killing them in combat, he disgraces them by cutting off the topknots of their hair.
After finishing his story, Hanshiro Tsugumo is attacked by the retainers of the furious lord Kageyu Saito. He has to fight all of them off alone, killing four while slowly succumbing to his wounds. Finally, as a new group of retainers arrives armed with guns, Tsugumo commits seppuku to avoid being killed by them.
The film presents a negative view of the emerging feudal system at the beginning of the 17th century, depicting the
hypocrisyin the flimsy pretext of honor exhibited by the " daimyo". At the time, "harakiri" was seen as a means to retain one's honor after a disgrace, better even than doing good deeds.Fact|date=September 2007 The vanity of the feudal lord's counsellor Kageyu Saito is also shown: the outward appearance of honour is shown to be more important to him than real honour. He orders the retainers disgraced by Hanshiro Tsugumo to commit "seppuku", and makes sure that those who were slain and who had their topknots cut off by Hanshiro are written off as casualties to illness so that his house would not appear weak.
The film was entered in the competition category of the
Cannes Film Festivalin 1963. It lost the " Palme d'Or" to "The Leopard", but received the 'second prize': Special Jury Award.
Tatsuya Nakadai- Hanshiro Tsugumo
Rentaro Mikuni- Kageyu Saito
Shima Iwashita- Miho Tsugumo
Akira Ishihama- Motome Chijiiwa
Tetsuro Tamba- Hikokuro Omodaka
Ichiro Nakaya- Hayato Yazaki
Yoshio Aoki- Umenosuke Kawabe
* [http://www.criterion.com/asp/release.asp?id=302&eid=431§ion=essay Criterion Collection essay by Joan Mellen]
*cite web |url=http://www.jmdb.ne.jp/1962/cl002980.htm|title=切腹 (Seppuku)|accessdate=2007-07-16|language=Japanese|publisher=
Japanese Movie Database
title=Special Jury Prize, Cannes
tied with "
The Cassandra Cat"
The Trial of Joan of Arc"
tied with "
Woman in the Dunes"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Harakiri (1962) — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Harakiri Originaltitel Seppuku Produktionsland … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harakiri (disambiguation) — Harakiri (or hara kiri) most often refers to a form of seppuku (or ritual suicide), often miswritten as harikari . It may also refer to:Biology *HRK (gene), pronounced harakiri , a human geneEntertainment * Harakiri , a song from the 2007 album… … Wikipedia
Harakiri — ist: die rituelle Selbsttötung in Japan, siehe Seppuku ein Film von Fritz Lang aus dem Jahr 1919, Harakiri (1919) ein Film des japanischen Regisseurs Masaki Kobayashi aus dem Jahr 1962, Harakiri (1962) Harakiri (Skipiste), die steilste Skipiste… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harakiri — Seppuku Drame de Masaki Kobayashi, avec Tatsuya Nakadai (Hanshiro Tsugumo), Shima Iwashita (Miho Tsugumo), Akira Ishihama (Motome Chijiiwa), Yoshio Inaba (Jinnai Chijiiwa). Scénario: Shinobu Hashimoto, d après le roman de Yasuhiko Takiguchi… … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Harakiri — Hara kiri Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kiri. Hara kiri est un terme d origine japonaise qui peut désigner : argotiquement, un suicide rituel… … Wikipédia en Français
Mainichi Film Award for Best Film — Awarded for Best Film of the year Country Japan First awarded 1946 Last awarded 2009 Official website … Wikipedia
Ran (film) — Ran theatrical poster Directed by Akira Kurosawa Produced by Katsumi Furukawa … Wikipedia
Repast (film) — Meshi Japanese theatrical release poster Directed by Mikio Naruse Written by Yasunari Kawabata Toshirō Ide Sumie Tanaka … Wikipedia
Muddy River (film) — Muddy River Kanji 泥の河 Rōmaji Doro no kawa Directed by Kôhei Oguri Release … Wikipedia
High and Low (1963 film) — High and Low Japanese Theatrical Poster Directed by Akira Kurosawa Produced by Ryu … Wikipedia