National research and education network


National research and education network

A National Research and Education Network (NREN) is a specialised internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the research and education communities within a country.

It is usually distinguished by support for a high-speed backbone network, often offering dedicated channels for individual research projects.

NRENs are usually the places where new Internet protocols and architectures are introduced before deployment within the Public Internet.[citation needed] Two examples of these protocols are IPv6 and IP multicast. Two examples of architecture are client/server and Cloud computing.

Contents

List of NRENs by Geographic Area

  • East and Southern Africa
    • UbuntuNet Alliance for Research and Education Networking - the Alliance of NRENs of East and Southern Africa
    • Eb@le - DRC NREN
    • EthERNet - Ethiopian NREN
    • KENET - Kenyan NREN
    • MAREN - Malawian NREN
    • MoRENet - Mozambican NREN
    • RENU - Ugandan NREN
    • RwEdNet - Rwanda NREN
    • SomaliREN - Somali NREN
    • SUIN - Sudanese NREN
    • TENET/SANReN - South African NREN
    • TERNET - Tanzanian NREN
    • Xnet - Namibian NREN
    • ZAMREN - Zambian NREN
  • North Africa
    • TUREN - Tunisian NREN
    • MARWAN - Moroccan NREN
    • EUN - Egyptian NREN
    • ARN - Algerian NREN
  • West and Central Africa
    • WACREN - West and Central African Research and Education Network
    • GARNET - Ghanaian NREN
  • Asia Pacific
    • APAN - Asia-Pacific Advanced Network
    • AARNet - Australian NREN
    • BDREN - Bangladeshi NREN
    • CSTNET CERNET NSFCNET - Chinese NREN
    • HARNET - Hong Kong NREN
    • KREONET- Korean NREN
    • ERNET CDAC - Indian NREN
    • INHERENT - Indonesian NREN
    • SINET - Japanese NREN
    • LEARN - Sri Lankan NREN
    • MYREN - Malaysian NREN
    • NREN - Nepal NREN
    • KAREN - New Zealand NREN
    • PERN - Pakistani NREN
    • PREGINET - Philippine NREN
    • SingAREN - Singaporean NREN
    • TWAREN - Taiwanese NREN
    • Uninet - Thai NREN
    • VinaRen - Vietnamese NREN
  • North America:
    • Internet2 (UCAID) - NREN of the United States of America
    • National LambdaRail (NLR) - United States NREN
    • ESnet - Energy Sciences Network
    • NCREN - North Carolina Research and Education Network
    • KanREN - Kansas Research and Education Network
    • CalREN - Californian NREN CENIC
    • CANARIE (CA*Net) - Canadian NREN
  • South America
    • CLARA - Cooperación Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas (Association of Latin American NRENs)
    • Innova-Red - Argentinian NREN
    • RNP - Brazilian NREN
    • REUNA - Chilean NREN
    • RENATA - Colombian NREN
    • CR2Net - Costa Rican NREN
    • [[CEDIA]] - Ecuadorian NREN
    • RAICES - El Salvadoran NREN
    • RAGIE - Guatemalan NREN
    • UNITEC - Honduran NREN
    • CUDI - Mexican NREN
    • RENIA - Nicaraguan NREN
    • RedCyT - Panamanian NREN
    • Arandu - Paraguayan NREN
    • RAAP - Peruvian NREN
    • CKLN - Caribbean NREN
    • RAU - Uruguayan NREN
    • REACCIUN CNTI?- Venezuelan NREN
  • Europe
    • DANTE - GÉANT2 backbone network on behalf of European NREN
    • TERENA - Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association
    • Eumedconnect - South Mediterranean Backbone
    • [[AzScienceNet]]-Azerbaijan Science Network
    • ACOnet - Austrian NREN
    • BASNET - Belarus NREN
    • Belnet - Belgian NREN
    • BREN - Bulgarian NREN
    • CESNET - Czech NREN
    • CARNet - Croatian NREN
    • CYNET - Cypriot NREN
    • SURFnet - Dutch NREN
    • EENet - Estonian NREN
    • RENATER - French NREN
    • DFN - German NREN
    • GRNET - Greek NREN
    • HUNGARNET - Hungarian NREN
    • HEAnet - Irish NREN
    • GARR - Italian NREN
    • KazRENA - Kazakhstan NREN
    • LATNET - Latvian NREN
    • LITNET - Lithuanian NREN
    • RENATER - French NREN
    • RESTENA - Luxembourg NREN
    • MARNET - Macedonian NREN
    • UoM-CSC - Maltese NREN
    • RENAM - Moldovian NREN
    • MREN - Montenegro NREN
    • PIONIER (PCSS) - Polish NREN
    • FCCN - Portuguese NREN
    • RoEduNet - Romanian NRENs
    • AMRES - Serbian NREN
    • ARNES - Slovenian NREN
    • SANET - Slovakian NREN
    • RedIRIS - Spanish NREN
    • SWITCH - Swiss NREN
    • ULAKBIM - Turkish NREN
    • URAN - Ukrainian NREN
    • JANET (JANET(UK)) - United Kingdom NREN
  • Middle East
    • Eumedconnect - Mediterranean/North African Backbone
    • ANKABUT UAE NREN
    • IUCC - Israeli NREN
    • JUnet Jordanian NREN
    • Lebanon
    • Birzeit Uni/AlQuds Palestinian Authority
    • Qartar FN - Qartarian NREN
    • HIAST Syrian NREN
  • RUNNet RIPN RBnet- Russian University Network, Russian NREN
    • ASNET-AM - Armenian
    • AzRENA - Azerbaijan
    • BASNET UNIBEL Belarus
    • GRENA - Georgian NREN
    • KazRENA - Kazakhstan NREN
    • KRENA - Kyrgyzian NREN
    • TuRENA - Turkmenistan NREN
    • UzSciNet - Uzbekistan NREN

Historical

References

External links

Annual Compendiums

Further reading and case studies