Internet2 or UCAID (University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development) is a
It provides the U.S. research and education community with a network that satisfies their bandwidth-intensive requirements. The network itself is a dynamic, robust and cost-effective hybrid optical and packet network. It furnishes a 100Gb/s network backbone to more than 210 U.S. educational institutions, 70 corporations and 45 non-profit and government agencies.
The Internet2 consortium's objectives are:
* Developing and maintaining a leading-edge network.
* Fully exploiting the capabilities of broadband connections through the use of new-generation applications.
* Transferring new network services and applications to all levels of educational use, and eventually the broader Internet community.
The uses of the network span from collaborative applications, distributed research experiments, grid-based data analysis and social networking. Some of these applications are in varying levels of commercialization, such as
IPv6, open-source middleware for secure network access, layer 2 VPNs and dynamic circuit networks.
Internet2, with help from its members, created the
Abilene Networkand was a prime investor in the National LambdaRail(NLR) project [ [http://news.com.com/Optical%20networking%20The%20next%20generation/2100-1033-5403589.html?part=dht&tag=ntop&tag=nl.e703 Optical networking: The next generation - CNET News.com:By Marguerite Reardon (Staff Writer)Published: October 11, 2004 4:00 AM PDT] ] , with nearly 10 million dollars. During 2004–2006, Internet2 and NLR held extensive discussions regarding a possible merger [ [http://www.osc.edu/press/releases/2005/lambda.shtml Internet2, National Lambda Rail, In Merger Talks (July 18, 2005)] ] . Key to this merger was the condition that Internet2 would operate its successor to Abilene using NLR's infrastructure (NLR has IRUs on actual fiber infrastructure from WilTel, now Level(3), where Internet2 utilizes leased optical wavelengths from Qwest for Abilene). Those talks paused in the Spring of 2006, resumed in March 2007 and eventually fell apart in September 2007 [ [http://www.internet2-nlr.org/] (parked domain - website gone)] .
These technologies and their organizational counterparts were not only created to make a faster alternative to the internet. Many fields have been able to use the Abilene network to foster creativity, research, and development in a way that was not previously possible. Users of poor quality libraries can now download not only text but sound recordings, animations, videos, and other resources, which would be otherwise unavailable. Another application is the robust video conferencing now available to Internet2 participants. Neurosurgeons can now video conference with other experts in the field during an operation in a high resolution format with no apparent time lag.
The IDEA award was first announced by Internet2 in 2006 as a way of recognizing those who use advanced networks at their best. [ [http://www.internet2.edu/idea/ Internet2 IDEA Awards ] ] The judging is made by many universities and gathered upon the following criteria:
* Magnitude of the positive impact of the application for its (current) users
* Technical merit of the application.
* Breadth of impact, as indicated by current user base and likelihood of broader adoption by its full natural community of potential users
Each year following, the winners have been announced at the Spring Member Meeting: 2006, [ [http://www.internet2.edu/idea/2006/ IDEA Award Winners 2006] ] 2007, [ [http://www.internet2.edu/idea/2007/index.html IDEA Award Winners 2007] ] 2008. [ [http://www.internet2.edu/idea/2008/ IDEA Award Winners 2008] ]
History of the next-generation Internet backbone and Internet2
The beginnings of the Internet were based on the communications of computers over a network. One of the first major examples of such a network was
ARPAnet, developed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. Two other important examples were BITNETand CSNETwhich primarily linked academic computer systems. As more networks like ARPAnet were created, the need to standardize and make them compatible arose.
Governments and universities were among the first institutions to outgrow the Internet's bandwidth limitations. Some universities realized the need for a network that would better support bandwidth- and computer-intensive work, like data mining, medical imaging, and particle physics. This need for a higher bandwidth network resulted in the creation of the very-high-performance Backbone Network Service, or
vBNS. The vBNS was developed in 1995 by the National Science Foundationand MCItelecommunications company specifically to meet the needs of the supercomputers at educational institutions. The concept of “the next generation of Internet” was born. MCI engineered this backbone for the National Science Foundation, but when their agreement expired the participating institutions looked to the Internet2 organization to offer the same service as MCI.
DANTE(Not-for-profit organization managing the pan-European research network)
GEANT(The pan-European research network)
SURFnet(Dutch research network)
Renater(French research network)
CANARIE(Canadian research network)
* Barnes, Christopher, and Terresa E. Jackson . "INTERNET2: The Backbone of the Future". Brooks Air Force Base, Tex.: Air Force Research Laboratory, 2002. http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA406627 (
9 February 2007).
* Internet2. "Internet2" - Home. http://www.internet2.edu/ (
9 February 2007).
* Matlis, Jan. "Internet2." Computerworld,
28 August 2006, 30.
* Moschovitis, Christos, Hilary Poole, Tami Schuyler, and Theresa M. Senft. "History of the Internet: A Chronology, 1843 to the Present". Santa Barbara, Cal.: ABC-CLIO, 1999.
* [http://www.internet2.edu/ Internet2's homepage]
* [http://www.internet2.edu/about/ The Internet2 about page]
* [http://www.internet2.edu/resources/Internet2MembersList.PDF Internet2 member institution list]
* [http://www.internetnews.com/infra/article.php/3403161 Internetnews.com: Scientists Set Internet2 Speed Record]
* [http://www.qwest.com/about/qwest/internet2/faqs.html Internet2 FAQs, from Qwest]
* [http://ns1.cermusa.francis.edu/i2/ Central Pennsylvania's Internet2 Connection]
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