- House of Burgundy
:"This article is about the ducal house which ruled Portugal, for the comital house which ruled in Castile and León, see
Anscarids."The House of Burgundy ( _pt. Casa de Borgonha, pron. IPA2|buɾ.'ɣo.ɲɐ) was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, descending from Robert, Duke of Burgundy, a younger son of Robert II of France.
The House ruled the
Duchy of Burgundyfrom 1032-1361. The main line of the dynasty ended with the death in 1361 of Philip I, Duke of Burgundy. His duchy was inherited by John II of France, whose mother had been a member of the House of Burgundy.
Notable members of the main line of the House of Burgundy include:
Robert I, Duke of Burgundy
Henry, Count of Portugal
Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy
* Margaret of Burgundy, the first wife and Queen of
Louis X of France
* Jeanne of Burgundy, the first wife and Queen of
Philip VI of France
Philip I, Duke of Burgundy
The Portuguese Branch
Called the Afonsine Dynasty ("Dinastia Afonsina", pron. IPA2|ɐ.fõ.'si.nɐ), the Portuguese branch of the House of Burgundy was a cadet branch, descending from
Henry, Count of Portugal. Henry was a younger son of Henry of Burgundy, the son and heir of Robert I of Burgundy who died before he could inherit the Duchy.
The younger Henry, having little chance of inheriting any land or titles, had joined the
reconquistain the Iberian Peninsula in the late 12th century. After conquering Galicia and northern Portugal on behalf of Alfonso VI of Castile, he was married to Alfonso's illegitimate daughter, Teresa, and given the County of Portugal as a fief under Leon. His son, Afonso Henriques, became King of Portugal after defeating his mother in the Battle of São Mamedein 1128. It was only in 1179that Pope Alexander IIIrecognized Portugal as an independent state, recognition, at the time, needed for total acceptance of the kingdom in the Christianworld.
The kings that succeeded Afonso I continued the process of
Reconquistaof the Iberian Peninsula, controlled by Moors. Afonso IIIconquered Algarveand adopted the title of "king of Portugal and the Algarves".
The borders of Portugal were defined in the
Treaty of Alcanizes( 1297) when king Denis, son of Afonso III, started a process of development of the kingdom's land. In 1383Beatrice, princess of Portugal and heir to the throne married John I of Castile. When Ferdinand I (her father) died during the same year the kingdom entered a period of anarchy called the 1383-1385 Crisis, threatened with a possible annexation by Castile. This period ended in 1385with the victory of the Portuguese in the Battle of Aljubarrotaand a new dynasty began with John I, Master of Aviz (illegitimate son of Peter I), thus called the House of Aviz.
Kings of the House of Burgundy
* Afonso Henriques (Afonso I), "The Conqueror" (
* Sancho I, "The Populator" (
* Afonso II, "The Fat" (
* Sancho II, "The Pious" (
* Afonso III, "The Bolognian"(
* Denis, "The Farmer" (
* Afonso IV, "The Brave" (
* Peter I, "The Cruel" or "The Just" (
* Ferdinand I, "The Beautiful" or "The Inconstant" (
List of Portuguese monarchs
Kings of Portugal family tree
House of Aviz
The Establishment of the Monarchy in Portugal
The Consolidation of the Monarchy in Portugal
Timeline of Portuguese history
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