- Sancho II of Portugal
Sancho II King of Portugal 17th century painting of Sancho II. Reign 26 March 1223 – 4 December 1247, away from power since 24 July 1245 Predecessor Afonso II Successor Afonso III Spouse Mécia Lopes de Haro House Capetian House of Burgundy Father Afonso II Mother Urraca of Castile Born 8 September 1209
Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 4 January 1248 [aged 38]
Toledo, Kingdom of Castile
Burial Cathedral of Toledo, Toledo, Province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain Religion Roman Catholicism
Sancho II (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃ʃu]), nicknamed "the Pious" (Portuguese: o Piedoso) and "the Caped" or "the Capuched" (Portuguese: o Capelo), (8 September 1209, Coimbra- 4 January 1248, Toledo), fourth King of Portugal, was the eldest son of Afonso II of Portugal by his wife, Infanta Urraca of Castile. Sancho became king in 1223 and was succeeded by his brother, King Afonso III in 1247.
By the time of his accession to the throne, in 1223, Portugal was embroiled in a difficult diplomatic conflict with the Catholic church. His father, Afonso II, had been excommunicated by Pope Honorius III, for his attempts at reducing the Church's power within the country. A treaty of 10 articles was signed between the Pope and Sancho II, but the king paid little attention to its fulfillment. His priority was the Reconquista, the reconquest of the southern Iberian Peninsula from the Moors. From 1236 onwards, Sancho II conquered several cities in the Algarve and Alentejo, securing the Portuguese position in the region.
Sancho II proved a capable commander but, with regard to equally important administrative issues, he was less competent. With his total attention focused on military campaigns, the ground was open for internal disputes. The nobility was displeased by the king's conduct and started to conspire against him. Moreover, the middle class of merchants quarrelled frequently with the clergy, without any intervention from the king. As a result, the Archbishop of Porto made a formal complaint to the Pope about this state of affairs. Since the Church was the super power of the 13th century, the Pope felt free to issue a Bull ordering the Portuguese to choose a new king to replace the so-called heretic.
In 1246 recalcitrant nobles invited Sancho's brother Afonso, then living in France as Consort Count of Boulogne, to take the throne. Afonso immediately abdicated from his French possessions and marched into Portugal. Sancho II was removed from the throne in 1247 and fled in exile to Toledo where he died on 4 January 1248.
Sancho married, circa 1245, a Castilian lady, Mécia Lopes de Haro, widow of Alvaro Peres de Castro, and daughter of Lope Díaz II de Haro and Urraca Alfonso de León, an illegitimate daughter of Alfonso IX of León but they had no legitimate sons.
Ancestors of Sancho II of Portugal 16. Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal 8. Afonso I of Portugal 17. Teresa of León, Countess of Portugal 4. Sancho I of Portugal 18. Amadeus III, Count of Savoy 9. Maud of Savoy 19. Mahaut of Albon 2. Afonso II of Portugal 20. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona 10. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona 21. Douce I, Countess of Provence 5. Dulce of Aragon 22. Ramiro II of Aragon 11. Petronila of Aragon 23. Agnes of Aquitaine 1. Sancho II of Portugal 24. Alfonso VII of Castile 12. Sancho III of Castile 25. Berenguela of Barcelona 6. Alfonso VIII of Castile 26. García VI of Navarre 13. Blanche of Navarre 27. Marguerite de l'Aigle 3. Urraca of Castile 28. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou 14. Henry II of England 29. Matilda of England 7. Eleanor of England 30. William X, Duke of Aquitaine 15. Eleanor of Aquitaine 31. Aenor de ChâtelleraultSancho II of PortugalCadet branch of the Capetian dynastyBorn: 8 September 1207 Died: 4 November 1248 Regnal titles Preceded by
King of Portugal
Monarchs of Portugal Afonsine Dynasty House of Aviz House of Aviz-Beja Philippine Dynasty House of Braganza House of Braganza-Coburg Infantes of Portugal 1st GenerationInfante Henrique • Sancho I • Infante João 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th GenerationInfante Afonso, Lord of Leiria • Afonso IV 6th GenerationInfante Afonso • Infante Dinis • Peter I • Infante João 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Infante João • Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and Asturias^ • John III • Infante Luís, 5th Duke of Beja • Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso • Cardinal-Infante Afonso • Henry, The Cardinal-King • Infante Duarte, 4th Duke of Guimarães • Infante António • Infante Carlos 12th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Filipe, Prince of Portugal • Infante Dinis • John Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Infante António 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th GenerationBalthasar Charles, Prince of Portugal and Asturias* • Infante Francisco Fernando* • Teodósio, 1st Prince of Brazil • Afonso VI • Peter II 16th GenerationJoão, 3rd Prince of Brazil • John V • Infante Francisco, 7th Duke of Beja • Infante António • Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém • 17th Generation 18th Generationnone 19th Generation 20th Generation 21st Generation 22nd Generation 23rd Generation 24th Generation^also an infante of Castile and León, Aragon, Sicily and Naples, *also an infante of Spain, **claimant infante, ^^only prince or infante by marriage House of Burgundy-Portugal Henry, Count of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenAfonso Henriques · Urraca Henriques, Countess of Trastámara · Sancha Henriques, Lady of Braganza de Langroiva and Noman · Teresa Henriques · Henrique HenriquesGrandchildren Afonso I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren Sancho I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren Afonso II of PortugalSpouse(s)Urraca of CastileChildrenGrandchildren Sancho II of PortugalSpouse(s)NotesSancho had no children; he was desposed in 1247 and died the following year. Afonso III of PortugalSpouse(s)Matilda II of Boulogne · Beatrice of CastileChildrenGrandchildren Denis of PortugalSpouse(s)Saint Elizabeth of AragonChildrenGrandchildren Afonso IV of PortugalSpouse(s)Beatrice of CastileChildrenGrandchildren Peter I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenIllegitimate
Beatrice, titular Queen of Portugal · Infante Pedro · Infante Afonso · Infante Fernando, Lord of Eça* · Infanta Maria Brites, Countess of Valencia de Campos* · Infanta Isabel Brites, Countess of Cigales and Buelna* · Infanta Joana, Lady of Buendía* · Infante Fernando, Lord of Cifuentes* · Infante Pedro, Lord of Colmenarejo* · Infanta Beatrice*
Ferdinand I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenBeatrice, titular Queen of Portugal · Infante Pedro · Infante AfonsoGrandchildrenMiguel, Crown Prince of Portugal**Notes: *the descendants of King Peter I and Ines de Castro's children
were recognized as legitimate and were Infantes and Infantas
**also an Infante of Castile
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