Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France


Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France
Margaret of Burgundy
Queen consort of France
Tenure 1314–1315
Queen consort of Navarre
Countess consort of Champagne
Tenure 1305–1315
Spouse Louis X of France
Issue
Joan II of Navarre
House House of Capet
Father Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Agnes of France
Born c. 1290
Died 14 August 1315 (aged 24–25)

Margaret of Burgundy (French: Marguerite de Bourgogne) (1290 – 14 August 1315) was the first queen consort of King Louis X of France (also King Louis I of Navarre).

Margaret was a princess of the ducal House of Burgundy, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. She was the eldest daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (1248–1306) and Agnes of France (1260–1327), the youngest daughter of Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence.[1]

In 1305, Margaret married her cousin once removed, Louis X of France, King of Navarre, who in 1314 acceded to the French throne as Louis X.[2] They had one daughter, Joan (born 1312, died 1349).

Early in 1314, Margaret was allegedly caught in adultery in the Tour de Nesle Affair, her sister-in-law Isabella of France being a witness against her, and was imprisoned for the last two years of her life. Imprisoned along with her was her sister-in-law Blanche of Burgundy. Margaret was confined at Chataeu-Gaillard and after poor treatment caught a cold and died.[3] Margaret is portrayed in La Reine Étranglée, a novel in the famous Les Rois Maudits ("The Accursed Kings") series of historical novels by Maurice Druon.

Margaret's daughter, Joan, later became queen regnant of Navarre as Joan II (1311–1349). Her paternity was under doubts of bastardy because of her mother's alleged adultery. She was also a granddaughter of Louis IX of France.

In 1361, Margaret's succession rights became important in the premature death of Philip I, Duke of Burgundy (her grandnephew), since the closest Burgundian heirs were descendants of Margaret and of her sister, Joan the Lame. Margaret's grandson and heir Charles II of Navarre claimed the duchy on the basis of primogeniture, but Joan the Lame's son John II of France on the basis of proximity, being one generation closer to the Burgundian dukes. The case was ruled in favour of John, who became Duke of Burgundy, later bestowing the Duchy upon his son, Philip the Bold.

References

  1. ^ Anne Echols and Marty Williams, An Annotated Index of Medieval Women, (Markus Weiner Publishing Inc., 1992), 300.
  2. ^ Anne Echols, 300.
  3. ^ Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328, (Continuum Books, 2007), 277.
  • Weir, Alison, Isabella
French royalty
Preceded by
Blanche of Artois
Queen consort of Navarre
Countess consort of Champagne

1305–1315
Succeeded by
Clementia of Hungary
Preceded by
Joan I of Navarre
Queen consort of France
1314–1315

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