Bee Gees


Bee Gees

Infobox musical artist
Name = Bee Gees



Img_capt = L-R Maurice, Barry and Robin Gibb performing in Los Angeles, c. 1996
Img_size = 250
Landscape = Yes
Origin =
Background = group_or_band
Genre = Pop, Soft rock, Blue-eyed soul, Disco
Years_active = 1958–2003
Label = Festival, Polydor, Atco, RSO, Warner Bros., Rhino
Associated_acts =
URL = [http://www.officialbeegees.com Official Bee Gees.com]
Current_members =
Past_members = Barry Gibb
Maurice Gibb
Robin Gibb

The Bee Gees were a singing trio of brothers — Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb. They were born on the Isle of Man to English parents, lived in Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester, England and during their childhood years moved to Brisbane, Australia, where they began their musical careers. Their worldwide success came when they returned to England and signed with producer Robert Stigwood.

The multiple award-winning group was successful for most of its forty years of recording music, but it had two distinct periods of exceptional success: as a harmonic "soft rock" act in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and as the foremost stars of the disco music era in the late 1970s.

No matter the style, the Bee Gees sang three-part tight harmonies that were instantly recognizable; as brothers, their voices blended perfectly, in the same way that The Everly Brothers and Beach Boys did. Barry sang lead on many songs, and an R&B falsetto introduced in the disco years; Robin provided the clear vibrato lead that was a hallmark of their pre-disco music; Maurice sang high and low harmonies throughout their career. The three brothers co-wrote most of their hits, and they said that they felt like they became 'one person' when they were writing. The group's name was retired after Maurice died in January 2003.

The Bee Gees were inducted into The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997; fittingly, the presenter of the award to "Britain's first family of harmony" [ [http://www.rockhall.com/hof/inductee.asp?id=66 R&RHofF citation] ] was Brian Wilson, leader of the Beach Boys, America's first family of rock harmony.

It has been estimated that the Bee Gees' record sales total more than 220 million, [http://www.beegees-world.com/bio_sales.html Bee Gees Record Sales] ] easily making them one of the best-selling music artists of all-time. The above figure in record sales does not include record sales for artists for whom they have written and with whom they have collaborated. Their 1997 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame citation says "Only Elvis Presley, The Beatles, Michael Jackson, Garth Brooks and Paul McCartney have outsold the Bee Gees". [ [http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/the-bee-gees text of citation] ]

History

Early years

The elder Gibb brothers were born on the Isle of Man, but the family returned to father Hugh Gibb's home town of Chorlton cum Hardy, Manchester, England, in the early 1950s where the boys began to sing in harmony. On one occasion, the boys were going to lip sync to a record in the local Gaumont cinema (as other children had done on previous weeks), but as they were running to get there Maurice dropped the record and it broke. Now having no record, the brothers sang live and received such a positive response from the audience that they decided to pursue a singing career.

In 1958, the Gibb family, including infant brother Andy (born 5 March 1958 in Manchester, England), emigrated to Redcliffe in Queensland, Australia. The still very young brothers began performing where they could to raise pocket change. First called the Rattlesnakes, later Wee Johnny Hayes & the Bluecats, they were introduced to radio DJ Bill Gates by racetrack promoter Bill Goode (who saw them perform at Brisbane's Speedway Circuit). Gates renamed them the "Bee Gees" after his and Goode's initials – thus the name was not specifically a reference to "Brothers Gibb", despite popular belief. [Dolgins, Adam: "Rock Names: From Abba to ZZ Top", 3rd ed., p.24. Citadel Press, 1998.] [ [http://www.beegeesfanclub.org/Bee%20Gees/bgfcbiopg1.htm Bee Gees Fan Club Bio] ]

By 1960, the Bee Gees were featured on television shows, and in the next few years began working regularly at resorts on the Queensland coast. Barry drew the attention of Australian star Col Joye for his songwriting, and Joye helped the boys get a record deal with Festival Records in 1963 under the name "Bee Gees." The three released two or three singles a year, while Barry supplied additional songs to other Australian artists.

A minor hit in 1965, "Wine and Women," led to the group's first LP "The Bee Gees Sing and Play 14 Barry Gibb Songs". By late 1966, the family decided to return to England, and seek their musical fortunes there. They were not confident, however, of success in England as Barry told a friend, Steven Spence, later of Lloyds World, that they would be back next year. Fact|date=May 2007 While at sea in January, 1967, they heard that "Spicks and Specks", a song they had recorded in 1966, had gone to #1 in Australia.

Late 60s - first international fame

Before their departure from Australia to their native England, Hugh Gibb sent demos to Brian Epstein who managed The Beatles and was director of NEMS, a British music store and promoter. Brian Epstein had given the demo tapes to Robert Stigwood who recently joined NEMS. After an audition with Stigwood in February 1967, the Bee Gees were signed to a five-year contract where Polydor Records would be the Bee Gees' record label in the UK and ATCO Records would be the U.S. distributor. Work quickly began on their first international LP and Robert Stigwood launched a huge promotion to coincide with their first album.

Stigwood proclaimed that the Bee Gees were "The Most Significant New Talent Of 1967" and thus began the immediate comparison to The Beatles. Their first British single, "New York Mining Disaster 1941," was issued to radio station DJs with a blank white label with only the song title. Many DJs immediately assumed this was a new Beatles single and started playing the song in heavy rotation. This helped the song climb into the Top 20 in both the UK and the U.S. Only later did they realize that it was not The Beatles but in fact the Bee Gees, when their second single was released, "To Love Somebody" and again climbed into the Top 20 in the U.S. Originally written for Otis Redding, "To Love Somebody" was a soulful ballad sung by Barry, which has now become a pop standard covered by hundreds of artists such as Gram Parsons, Rod Stewart, Janis Joplin, The Animals, Nina Simone, and Michael Bolton just to name a few. Another single, "Holiday" was released in the U.S. and peaked at #16. The parent album, the erroneously titled "Bee Gees 1st" peaked at #7 in the U.S. and #8 in the UK.

Following the success of "Bee Gees 1st", the band, (which now consisted of Barry on rhythm guitar, Maurice on bass, Vince Melouney on lead guitar and Colin Petersen on drums) began work on their second album. Released in late 1967, "Horizontal" repeated the success of their first album, which contained the #1 UK (#11 U.S.) single "Massachusetts" and the #7 UK single "World". The sound of the album "Horizontal" had a more rock sound than their previous release, though ballads like "And The Sun Will Shine" and "Really And Sincerely" are standouts. "Horizontal" made the Top 20 on both sides of the Atlantic, peaking at #12 in the U.S. and #16 in the UK. To promote the album, the Bee Gees made their first appearances in America playing live concerts and television shows such as "The Ed Sullivan Show" and "Laugh In".

Two more singles followed in early 1968, the ballad "Words" (#15 U.S., #8 UK) and the double A-sided single "Jumbo" b/w "The Singer Sang His Song". "Jumbo" was the Bee Gees least successful single to date only reaching #57 in the U.S., but managing to climb to #25 in the UK. The Bee Gees felt that "The Singer Sang His Song" was the stronger of the two and in fact reached #3 in The Netherlands. The year 1968 saw the Bee Gees reach the American Top Ten with the singles "I've Gotta Get a Message to You" (#8 U.S., #1 UK) and "I Started A Joke" (#6 U.S.) which were culled from the band's third album "Idea", which was another Top 20 album in the U.S. (#17) and the UK (#4). Following the tour and TV special to promote "Idea", Vince Melouney left the group feeling that he wanted to play more of a blues style music than the Gibbs were writing. Melouney did achieve one feat while with the Bee Gees, as his composition "Such A Shame" (from "Idea") is the only song, on any Bee Gees album, not written by a Gibb brother.

By 1969, the cracks began to show within the group as Robin began to feel that Stigwood had been favoring Barry as the leader of the group. They began to record their next album, which was to be a concept album called "Masterpeace", which evolved into the double-album "Odessa". Most rock critics feel this is the best Bee Gees album of the 60s, with its progressive rock feel on the title track and along side other genres of music as heard on "Marley Purt Drive" and "Give Your Best", both country-flavored tunes, and signature ballads such as "Melody Fair" and "First Of May", which became the only single from the album. Robin, feeling that the flipside, "Lamplight" should have been the A-Side, quit the group in mid-1969 and launched a solo career, which saw brief success in Europe with the #2 hit "Saved By The Bell" and the album "Robin's Reign". Barry and Maurice continued as the Bee Gees, even recruiting their sister Leslie to appear with them on stage.

The first of many Bee Gees compilations, "Best of Bee Gees" was released featuring the non-LP singles "Words" and the new single "Tomorrow, Tomorrow" which was a moderate hit in the UK reaching #23, but stalling at #54 in the U.S. The album itself sold very well and reached the Top Ten in both the U.S. and the UK.

While Robin was off on his own, Barry, Maurice, and Colin continued on as the Bee Gees, recording their next album, "Cucumber Castle". There was also a TV special filmed to accompany the album, which was aired on the BBC in 1971. Colin Petersen played drums on the tracks recorded for the album, but was fired from the group after filming began and his parts were edited out of the final cut of the film. The leadoff single, "Don't Forget to Remember" was a big hit in the UK reaching #2, but was a disappointment in the U.S., only reaching #73. The next 2 singles, "I.O.I.O" and "If I Only Had My Mind On Something Else" barely scraped the charts, and following the release of the album, Barry and Maurice parted ways and it seemed that the Bee Gees were finished. Barry recorded a solo album which never saw official release, though a single, "I'll Kiss Your Memory" was released without much interest. Maurice also recorded during this time, released the single "Railroad", and starred in the West End musical "Sing A Rude Song".

Early 1970s

The three brothers reunited in the later part of 1970, with many songs about heartache and loneliness. Although they had lost traction on the British charts, the Bee Gees hit #3 in America with "Lonely Days" (from the reunion LP "2 Years On") and had their first U.S. #1 with "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart?" (from "Trafalgar"). The trio's talents were included in the soundtrack for the 1971 film "Melody" as they performed several songs for the title. In 1972, they hit #16 with "Run to Me" from the LP "To Whom It May Concern"; the single also returned them to the British top ten for the first time in three years.

By 1973, however, the Bee Gees were in a rut. The album, "Life in a Tin Can", and its lead-off single, "Saw a New Morning," sold poorly with the single peaking at #94. This was followed by an unreleased album (known as "A Kick in the Head Is Worth Eight in the Pants"). A second compilation album, "Best of Bee Gees, Volume 2" was released in 1973, though it did not repeat the success of Volume 1.

On the advice of Ahmet Ertegün of their U.S. label Atlantic Records, Stigwood arranged for the group to record with famed soul music producer Arif Mardin. The resulting LP, "Mr. Natural", included few ballads and foreshadowed the R&B direction of the rest of their career. But when it too failed to attract much interest, Mardin encouraged them to work with the soul music style.

The brothers attempted to assemble a live stage band that could replicate their studio sound. Lead guitarist Alan Kendall had come on board in 1971, but did not have much to do until "Mr. Natural". For that album, they added drummer Dennis Bryon, and they later added ex-Strawbs keyboard player Blue Weaver, completing the late 1970s "Bee Gees band". Maurice, who had previously performed on piano, guitar, organ, mellotron, and bass guitar, as well as exotica like mandolin and Moog, now confined himself to bass onstage.

At Eric Clapton's suggestion, the brothers relocated to Miami, Florida, early in 1975 to record. After starting off with ballads, they eventually heeded the urging of Mardin and Stigwood and crafted more rhythmic disco songs like "Jive Talkin'" and "Nights on Broadway." The latter featured Barry Gibb's first attempts at singing falsetto, in the backing vocals toward the end. The band liked the resulting new sound and Robin also started using a falsetto voice as well (although he would stop using it by the late 80s) and this time the public agreed, sending the LP "Main Course", which became their first R&B album, up the charts. Barry Gibb's falsetto would become a staple of subsequent recordings. Mardin was unable to work with the group afterwards, but the Bee Gees enlisted Albhy Galuten and Karl Richardson who had worked with Mardin during the "Main Course" sessions. This production team would carry the Bee Gees through the rest of the 1970s.

The next album, "Children of the World," was drenched in Barry's newfound falsetto and Blue's synthesizer disco licks. Led off by the single "You Should Be Dancing," it pushed the Bee Gees to a level of stardom they had not previously achieved in the USA, though their new R&B/disco sound was not as popular with some die hard fans from the 1960s. The Bee Gees' band was now closer to a rock act, with rhythm guitar and real drums behind the falsetto.

Late 1970s: "Saturday Night Fever"

Following a successful live album, "Here at Last… The Bee Gees… Live", the Bee Gees agreed to participate in the creation of the "Saturday Night Fever soundtrack". It would be the turning point of their career. The cultural impact of both the film and the soundtrack was tremendous not only in the United States but also in the rest of the world, bringing the nascent disco scene into the mainstream.

The band's involvement in the film did not begin until post-production. As John Travolta asserted, "The Bee Gees weren't even involved in the movie in the beginning... I was dancing to Stevie Wonder and Boz Scaggs." [Sam Kashner, "Fever Pitch," "Movies Rock" (Supplement to "The New Yorker"), Fall 2007, unnumbered page.]

Producer Robert Stigwood commissioned the Bee Gees to create the songs for the film. They wrote the songs "virtually in a single weekend" at the Chateau D'Heuroville studio, in France. [Kashner, unnumbered page.] Barry Gibb remembered when Stigwood and music supervisor Robert Oakes arrived and listened to the demos:

Robert Oakes, who supervised the soundtrack, asserts that Saturday Night Fever did not begin the disco craze; rather, it prolonged it. "Disco had run its course. These days, "Fever" is credited with kicking off the whole disco thing–-it really didn't. Truth is, it breathed new life into a genre that was actually dying." [Kashner, unnumbered page.]

Three Bee Gees singles ("How Deep Is Your Love", "Stayin' Alive", and "Night Fever") reached #1 in the United States and most countries around the world, launching the most popular period of the disco era. They also penned the song "If I Can't Have You" which became a #1 hit for Yvonne Elliman, while the Bee Gees own version was the B-Side of Stayin' Alive. Such was the popularity of "Saturday Night Fever" that two different versions of the song "More Than a Woman" received airplay, one by the Bee Gees, which was relegated as an album track, and another by Tavares, which was the hit. The Gibb sound was inescapable. During an eight-month period beginning in the Christmas season of 1977, the brothers wrote six songs that held the #1 position on the U.S. charts for 25 of 32 consecutive weeks—three under their own name, two for brother Andy Gibb, and the Yvonne Elliman single.

Fueled by the movie's success, the album broke multiple records, becoming the highest-selling album in recording history to that point. "Saturday Night Fever" has since sold circa 40 million copies worldwide, making it the best selling soundtrack album of all time.

During this era, Barry and Robin wrote "Emotion" for Samantha Sang, who made it a Top Ten hit (the Bee Gees sang back-up vocals). A year later, Barry wrote the title song to the movie version of the Broadway musical "Grease" for Frankie Valli to perform, which went to #1. At one time, five songs written by the brothers Gibb were in the U.S. top ten at the same time. It was the first time this kind of chart dominance had been seen since April 1964, when the Beatles had all five of the top-five American singles.

In 1978, Barry Gibb became the only songwriter to have four straight number one hits in the U.S.A, breaking the John Lennon and Paul McCartney 1964 record. These songs were "Stayin' Alive", "Love Is Thicker Than Water", "Night Fever", and "If I Can't Have You".

In 1976, the Bee Gees recorded three Beatles cover songs—"Golden Slumbers/Carry That Weight", "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" and "Sun King" —for the transitory musical documentary "All This and World War II". The three Bee Gees also co-starred with Peter Frampton in the movie "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" (1978) loosely inspired by the classic 1967 Beatles album. The film had been heavily promoted prior to release, and was expected to enjoy great commercial success. However, the disjointed film was savaged by the movie critics, and ignored by the public.

During this period, the Bee Gees' younger brother Andy followed his older siblings into a music career, and enjoyed considerable success. Produced by Barry, Andy Gibb's first three singles all topped the U.S. charts.

The Bee Gees' follow-up to "Saturday Night Fever" was the "Spirits Having Flown" album. It yielded three more #1 hits: "Too Much Heaven", "Tragedy", and "Love You Inside Out." This gave the act six consecutive #1 singles in America within a year and a half (a record surpassed only by Whitney Houston). "Too Much Heaven" ended up as the Bee Gees' musical contribution to the Music for UNICEF Concert at the United Nations General Assembly in January 1979, a benefit organized by the Bee Gees, Robert Stigwood, and David Frost for UNICEF that was broadcast worldwide. The brothers donated the royalties from the song to the charity.

The Bee Gees even had a country hit in 1979 with "Rest Your Love On Me", the flip side of their pop hit "Too Much Heaven", written by Barry and made the Top 40 on the country charts. In 1981, Conway Twitty took "Rest Your Love On Me" to the top of the Country charts.

The Bee Gees' overwhelming success rose and fell with the disco bubble. By the end of 1979, disco was rapidly declining in popularity, and the backlash against disco put the Bee Gees' American career in a tailspin. Radio stations around America began famously promoting "Bee Gee Free Weekends". Following their remarkable run from 1975–79, the act would have only one more top ten single in the U.S., and that not until 1989. The Bee Gees' international popularity sustained somewhat less damage.

Barry Gibb considered the success of the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack both a blessing and a curse:

1980s and 1990s

Robin and Barry Gibb released various solo albums in the 1980s but only with sporadic and moderate chart success. However, the brothers had continuing success behind the scenes, writing and producing for artists such as Barbra Streisand, Dionne Warwick, Diana Ross and Kenny Rogers, including Rogers' multi-million seller and U.S. #1 hit with Dolly Parton, "Islands in the Stream".

In 1981, the Bee Gees released the album "Living Eyes", but with the disco backlash still running strong, the album failed to make the US top 40. In 1983, the Bee Gees had greater success with the soundtrack to "Staying Alive", the sequel to "Saturday Night Fever". The soundtrack was certified platinum in the US, and included their Top 30 hit "Woman In You".

In 1983, the band was sued by Chicago songwriter Ronald Selle, who claimed that the Gibb brothers stole melodic material from one of his songs, "Let It End," and used it in "How Deep Is Your Love." At first, the Bee Gees lost the case; one juror said that a factor in the jury's decision was the Gibbs' failure to introduce expert testimony rebutting the plaintiff's expert testimony that it was "impossible" for the two songs to have been written independently. However, the verdict was overturned a few months later.

The Bee Gees released the album "E.S.P." in 1987, which sold over 3 million copies. The single "You Win Again" went to #1 in numerous countries, including Britain, but was a disappointment in the US, charting at #75. The Bee Gees voiced their frustration over American radio stations not playing their new European hit single, an omission which the group felt led to poor sales of their current album in the States.

On 10 March 1988, younger brother Andy died at the age 30 as a result of myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle due to a recent viral infection. His brothers acknowledge that Andy's past drug and alcohol use probably made his heart more susceptible to the ailment. Just before Andy's death, it was decided by the group that Andy would join them, which would have made the group a four piece. This did not come to pass, however. The Bee Gees' following album, "One" (1989), featured a song dedicated to Andy, "Wish You Were Here". The album also contained their first U.S. top ten hit (#7) in a decade, "One". After the album's release, they embarked on their first world tour in ten years.

Following their next album, "High Civilization", which contained the UK top five hit "Secret Love," the Bee Gees went on a European tour. After the tour, Barry Gibb began to battle a serious back problem, which required surgery. In the early 1990s, Barry Gibb was not the only Bee Gee living with pain. Maurice had a serious drinking problem, which he had battled for many years, but finally conquered with the help of Alcoholics Anonymous.

In 1993, they released the album "Size Isn't Everything", which contained the UK top five hit "For Whom the Bell Tolls". Four years later, they released the album "Still Waters", which sold over four million copies, and debuted at #11 in the US. The album's first single, "Alone", gave them another UK Top 5 hit and a top 30 hit in the US.

"One Night Only"

In late 1997, the Bee Gees performed a live concert in Las Vegas called "One Night Only". The CD of the performance sold over 5 million copies. This led to a world tour of "One Night Only" concerts. The tour included playing to 56,000 people at London's Wembley Stadium on 5 September 1998 and concluded in the newly-built Olympic Stadium in Sydney, Australia in March 1999.

In 1998, the group's score for "Saturday Night Fever" was incorporated into a stage production produced first in the West End and then on Broadway. They wrote three new songs for the adaptation.

The Bee Gees closed the decade with what turned out to be their last full-sized concert, known as "BG2K", on 31 December 1999.

Maurice's death

In 2001, they released what turned out to be their final album of new material as a group, "This Is Where I Came In". The album gave each member a chance to write in his own way, as well as composing songs together. For example, Maurice's compositions and leads are the "Man in the Middle" and "Walking on Air," while Robin contributed "Déjà Vu," "Promise the Earth," and "Embrace," and Barry contributed "Loose Talk Costs Lives," "Technicolour Dreams", and "Voice in the Wilderness". The other songs are collaborative in writing and vocals. The Bee Gees' last public live show together was "Live by Request", a special shown on A&E.

Maurice, who had been the musical director of the Bee Gees during their final years as a group, died suddenly on 12 January 2003, from a strangulated intestine. Initially, his surviving brothers announced that they intended to carry on the name "Bee Gees" in his memory. But as time passed they decided to retire the group name, leaving it to represent the three brothers together. The same week that Maurice died, Robin's solo album "Magnet" was released.

Although there was talk of a memorial concert featuring both surviving brothers and invited guests, nothing materialized. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/3692674.stm BBC] ] Since then Barry and Robin have continued to work independently and have both released recordings with other artists, occasionally coming together to perform at special events.

After the Bee Gees

In late 2004, Robin embarked on a solo tour of Germany, Russia and Asia. During January 2005, Barry, Robin and several legendary rock artists recorded "Grief Never Grows Old," the official tsunami relief record for the Disasters Emergency Committee. Later that year, Barry reunited with Barbra Streisand for her top-selling album "Guilty Pleasures", released as "Guilty Too" in the UK as a sequel album to the previous "Guilty". Robin continued touring in Europe.

In February 2006 Barry and Robin reunited on stage for a Miami charity concert to benefit the Diabetes Research Institute. It was their first public performance together since the death of brother Maurice. Barry and Robin also played at the 30th annual Prince's Trust Concert in the UK on 20 May 2006.

ongwriting success

The Bee Gees have been incredibly successful, selling in excess of 220 million records and singles worldwide. "How Deep Is Your Love" is their most popular composition, with over 400 versions by other artists in existence.

Their songs have been covered by singers of all stripes including Elvis Presley, Janis Joplin, Al Green, Eric Clapton, Lulu, Elton John, Tom Jones, and Nina Simone as well as newer acts like John Frusciante (who has been known to cover "How Deep Is Your Love" during Red Hot Chili Peppers concerts), and Feist singing a soulful "Love You Inside Out", Billy Corgan, Micheal Bolton, and Robert Smith covering "To Love Somebody", Ardijah singing "Love So Right" and "Desire", Steps and Destiny's Child.

Songs written by the Gibbs but better known through versions by other artists include the following titles:
*"Immortality" by Celine Dion
*"If I Can't Have You" by Yvonne Elliman
*"Chain Reaction" by Diana Ross
*"Spicks and Specks" by Status Quo
*"Emotion" by Samantha Sang and by Destiny's Child
*"Come On Over" by Olivia Newton-John
*"Warm Ride" by Graham Bonnet and by Rare Earth
*"Guilty" and "Woman in Love" by Barbra Streisand
*"Heartbreaker" by Dionne Warwick
*"Islands in the Stream" by Kenny Rogers and Dolly Parton
*"Grease" by Frankie Valli
*"Only One Woman" by The Marbles

Many hit covers and album tracks of the Bee Gees' songs have been recorded, and the band's music has also been sampled by dozens of hip hop artists.

Awards and recognition

Inductions

*1979 Hollywood Walk Of Fame
*1994 Songwriters Hall Of Fame
*1995 Florida's Artists Hall Of Fame
*1997 Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame
*1997 ARIA (Australian Recording Industry Association) Hall Of Fame
*2001 Vocal Group Hall Of Fame
*2004 Dance Music Hall Of Fame
*2005 London's Walk Of Fame

Grammy Awards

*1977 Best Pop Vocal Performance By A Group - "How Deep Is Your Love"
*1978 Best Pop Vocal Performance By A Duo Or Group - "Saturday Night Fever"
*1978 Album Of The Year - "Saturday Night Fever"
*1978 Producer Of The Year - "Saturday Night Fever"
*1978 Best Arrangement Of Voices - "Stayin' Alive"
*1980 Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal - "Guilty"
*2000 Lifetime Achievement Award
*2003 Legend Award
*2004 Hall Of Fame Award - "Saturday Night Fever"

World Music Awards

*1997 Legend Award

American Music Awards

*1979 Favorite Pop / Rock Band, Duo Or Group
*1979 Favorite Soul / R&B Album - "Saturday Night Fever"
*1980 Favorite Pop / Rock Band, Duo Or Group
*1980 Favorite Pop / Rock Album - "Spirits Having Flown"
*1997 Life achievement Award

BRIT Awards

*1997 Outstanding Contribution To Music

BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) Awards

*2007 BMI Icons

Commemorative stamps

In October 1999 the [http://www.gov.im/post/ Isle of Man Post Office] unveiled a set of 6 stamps honoring their native sons' music. The official launch took place at the London Palladium where the stage show of Saturday Night Fever was playing. A similar launch was held in New York shortly after to coincide with the show opening across the Atlantic. The songs depicted on the stamps are "Massachusetts", "Words", "I've Gotta Get A Message To You", "Night Fever", "Stayin' Alive" and "Immortality".

Discography

tudio album chart performance

Catalog Reissue

The Gibbs recently gained ownership rights to back catalog, and set up a new distribution arrangement with Warner/Rhino/Reprise Records where they have since re-issued digitally remastered versions of "Saturday Night Fever", their later "Bee Gees Greatest" album, and a new boxed set: "The Studio Albums: 1967 - 1968." Reissues have stopped without any comment from Rhino Records as to when they will resume again. Several online UK stores listed the 1969 album "Odessa" for release in the summer of 2008, though nothing was ever released.

Limited edition

_gv. "Ellan Vannin" was recorded in 1997 as a 1,000 quantity limited edition single for Isle of Man charities. The song was featured in the Bee Gees World Tour and on ITV's "An Evening With…" but to date has not been released generally. The single was subsequently also available as part of the 1999 Bee Gees Stamp issue.

Band

Barry Gibb played rhythm guitar.

During early 70's, Robin Gibb played piano and violin occasionally, but most of the time he only sang. Although he keeps on playing strings and keyboards privately, he's never played any instrument on stage since mid-70's.

Maurice Gibb played bass guitar, rhythm and lead guitar, piano, organ, mellotron, and electronic keyboards, synthesizers and drum tracks. From 1966 to 1972 he played multiple instruments on many records. During the late 1970s he played mainly bass guitar. From about 1986 onward he usually played keyboards.

These musicians were considered members of the band:
* Colin Petersendrums 1967–69
* Vince Melouneylead guitar 1967–68
* Geoff Bridgeford — drums 1969–72
* Alan Kendall — lead guitar 1971–80, 87–01
* Dennis Bryon — drums 1974–80
* Blue Weaverkeyboards 1975–80

Here are some other musicians who backed up the Bee Gees live and in the studio:
* Carlos Alomarguitar
* Ray Barrettobongos
* Reb Beach — guitar
* David Foster — keyboards
* Steve Gibb - guitar
* Steve Jordan — drums
* Manu Katché — drums
* Jim Keltner — drums 1973
* Rhett Lawrence — Synthesizer Programming
* Marcus Millerbass guitar
* Pino Palladino — bass guitar
* Greg Phillinganes — keyboards
* Jeff Porcaro — drums
* Russ Powell — bass guitar
* Steve Rucker — drums
* Raphael Saadiq — bass guitar, guitar, drum programming, vocals
* Peter-John Vettese — keyboards
* Waddy Wachtel — guitar
* Joe Walsh — guitar

Bee Gees in pop culture

*A TV sketch by Kenny Everett in which he played all three Gibbs as well as an interviewer, had the Bee Gees answering all of his questions with songquotes. [ [http://www.televisionheaven.co.uk/kenny.htm Kenny] .]
*The Bee Gees also appeared in a sketch on Big Train, wherein they were bandits in a shootout with fellow singer Chaka Khan. [ [http://www.tv.com/big-train/show/10788/episode_guide.html TV.com] .]
*They were parodied by Philip Pope, Angus Deayton, and Michael Fenton Stevens recording as The Hee Bee Gee Bees, singing "Meaningless Songs (in Very High Voices)".
*David Walliams and Matt Lucas in the "Rock Profile" television show in 2000, showed Barry Gibb bossing his two brothers, using a system of claps and whistles to allow them to speak.
*In an episode of The Simpsons while at a yard sale Homer and Disco Stu perform the "Staying Alive" parody "Table Five". [ [http://www.wearethelyrics.com/2/simpsons,_the_lyrics_21893/table_five_lyrics_255110.html Lyrics] ] [ [http://www.geocities.com/ResearchTriangle/2056/html/listen.htm Sound file] ]
*In 2003, 2005 and 2006 Jimmy Fallon and Justin Timberlake parodied the Bee Gees on Saturday Night Live in their "Barry Gibb Talk Show" sketches.
*The pop punk band Blink 182 parodied the Bee Gees in their "First Date" video.
*A MADtv parody shows Barry Gibb, portrayed by Michael McDonald, making a American soundtrack with Randy Newman and other celebrities like Chaka Khan (Aries Spears) and Destiny's Child (Debra Wilson).
* In 'The Legend Of Old Gregg' - Episode 5, Series 2 of The Mighty Boosh the Bee Gee's, along with Rick Wakeman were said to have tried to get the funk by singing 'Ooh, give me that funky milk' in their usual harmonised style.
* Walter Matthau struts to "Stayin' Alive" while he walks to his mailbox in "Grumpier Old Men".
* In a tribute to his own past, John Travolta walks down the street to the tune of "Stayin' Alive" in the movie "Look Who's Talking".
* In the episode "Fairly OddBaby" of the show "The Fairly OddParents" Cosmo talks about "The Birds & The Bee Gees".

Notes and references

ee also

*Best selling music artists
*List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.)
*List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Dance chart
*List of Number 1 Dance Hits (United States)
*List of artists by total number of USA number one singles
*List of number-one hits (United States)

External links

# [http://beegees.com The Official Bee Gees website]
# [http://barrygibb.com The Official Barry Gibb Website]
# [http://www.robingibb.com The Official Robin Gibb Website]
# [http://www.beegees-world.com Bee Gees World]
# [http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/beegees Gibb Songs]
# [http://thebrothersgibb.com The Brothers Gibb - dedicated to all 4 brothers Gibb]
# [http://www.brothersgibb.org The International Brothers Gibb Website ]
# [http://www.brothersgibb.com Words & Music, Fans Of The Brothers Gibb]
# [http://fortheloveofthebeegees.com For The Love of the Bee Gees]
# [http://www.beegeesfanclub.org Bee Gees Fanclub]
# [http://www.angelfire.com/music4/brothersgibb/index.html Debbie, Santiago & Juanjo Bee Gees Site]
# [http://www.beegees.de/ The Bee Gees]
# [http://www.lanawolf.nl/beegees.htm A Tribute to the Bee Gees]
# [http://mauricegibbwebsite.com Maurice Gibb Website]
# [http://andygibb.50megs.com Andy Gibb Website]
# [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/thebeegees/biography The Bee Gees at Rolling Stone magazine]
# [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:osrc288c054a Bee Gees, from the All Music Guide]
# [http://www.vocalgroup.org/inductees/bee_gees.html 'The Bee Gees' Vocal Group Hall of Fame Page]


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