Margaret Osborne duPont


Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
Full name Margaret Evelyn Osborne duPont
Country  United States
Born March 4, 1918 (1918-03-04) (age 93)
Joseph, Oregon
Int. Tennis HOF 1967 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking 1
Grand Slam results
French Open W (1946, 1949)
Wimbledon W (1947)
US Open W (1948, 1949, 1950)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1946, 1947, 1949)
Wimbledon W (1946, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1954)
US Open W (1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1957)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1962)
US Open W (1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1950, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960)

Margaret Evelyn Osborne duPont (born March 4, 1918) is a former World No. 1 American female tennis player.

DuPont won a total of 37 singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles Grand Slam titles, which places her fourth on the all-time list despite never entering the Australian Championships. She won 25 of her Grand Slam titles at the U.S. Championships, which is an all-time record.

Contents

Career

DuPont won six Grand Slam singles titles, saving match points in the finals of the 1946 French Championships (versus Pauline Betz Addie) and 1948 U.S. Championships (versus Louise Brough Clapp). In terms of games played, the 1948 final at the U.S. Championships is the longest women's singles final ever played at that tournament (48 games).

DuPont teamed with Brough Clapp to win 20 Grand Slam women's doubles titles, which ties Martina Navratilova and Pam Shriver for the most Grand Slam titles ever won by a women's doubles team. DuPont and Brough Clapp won nine consecutive titles at the U.S. Championships from 1942 through 1950. They won that tournament 12 of the 14 years they entered as a team. Their 12 titles is an all-time record for a women's doubles team at the U.S. Championships, easily surpassing the four career titles won by the teams of Navratilova and Shriver, Doris Hart and Shirley Fry Irvin, and Sarah Palfrey Cooke and Alice Marble. DuPont won a total of 13 women's doubles titles at the U.S. Championships, which also is an all-time record, as is her 10 consecutive women's doubles titles at the U.S. Championships from 1941 through 1950.

DuPont won more mixed doubles titles at the U.S. Championships than any other player. She won nine titles, including four with William Talbert (a record for a mixed doubles team at the U.S. Championships) and three with Neale Fraser.

According to John Olliff and Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, DuPont was ranked in the world top ten from 1946 through 1950, 1953, 1954, 1956, and 1957 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 1 in those rankings from 1947 through 1950.[1] DuPont was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association in 1938, 1941 through 1950, 1953, 1956, and 1958. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1948 through 1950.[2]

From 1938 through 1958, DuPont went undefeated in ten Wightman Cup competitions, winning her ten singles and nine doubles matches. She also captained the U.S. team nine times, winning eight.

DuPont married William duPont, Jr. in 1947 and later interrupted her career to give birth to a son, William III. She was one of the few women to win a major title after childbirth but never played the Australian Championships because her husband would not let her. "They didn't start to invite people down there and pay their expenses until I got married, and that was wintertime and Will's vacation time, and I just never got to go. He threatened to divorce me if I went to Australia, so I never went. He had that respiratory trouble, and he wanted me to come to California with him. He thought I should be with him. That was that.".[3] She later divorced duPont and formed a life partnership with fellow player Margaret Varner Bloss.[4]

Awards

She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1967. The Delaware Sports Museum and Hall of Fame inducted du Pont in 1999. In 2010, she was inducted into the US Open Court of Champions.[5]

Grand Slam record

  • French Championships (5)
    • Singles champion (2): 1946, 1949
    • Women's Doubles champion (3): 1946, 1947, 1949
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1950
  • Wimbledon (7)
    • Singles champion: 1947
    • Singles runner-up (2): 1949, 1950
    • Women's Doubles champion (5): 1946, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1954
    • Women's Doubles runner-up (3): 1947, 1951, 1958
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1962
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1954
  • U.S. Championships (25)
    • Singles champion (3): 1948, 1949, 1950
    • Singles runner-up (2): 1944, 1947
    • Women's Doubles champion (13): 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1957
    • Women's Doubles runner-up (2): 1953, 1954
    • Mixed Doubles champion (9): 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1950, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up (3): 1948, 1949, 1954

Grand Slam singles finals

Wins (6)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1946 French Championships Flag of the United States.svg Pauline Betz Addie 1–6, 8–6, 7–5
1947 Wimbledon Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1948 U.S. Championships Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 4–6, 6–4, 15–13
1949 French Championships (2) Flag of France.svg Nelly Adamson-Landry 7–5, 6–2
1949 U.S. Championships (2) Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 6–3, 6–1
1950 U.S. Championships (3) Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 6–4, 6–3

Runner-ups (4)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1944 U.S. Championships Flag of the United States.svg Pauline Betz Addie 6–3, 8–6
1947 U.S. Championships Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 8–6, 4–6, 6–1
1949 Wimbledon Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 10–8, 1–6, 10–8
1950 Wimbledon Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 6–1, 3–6, 6–1

Grand Slam performance timelines

Singles

Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 Career SR
Australia A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
France A A NH R R R R A W SF A W QF SF A A A A A A A A A A A 2 / 5
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH SF W SF F F QF A A QF A A A QF A A A 1R 1 / 9
United States 2R A 3R SF SF QF F QF QF F W W W A A QF 3R A QF A 3R A 1R A A 3 / 17
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 2 2 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 6 / 31

NH = tournament not held.
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
A = did not participate in the tournament.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Women's doubles

Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 Career SR
Australia A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
France A A NH R R R R A W W A W F A A A A A A A A A A A A 3 / 4
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH W F W W W F A A W A A A F A A A 3R 5 / 9
United States 1R A QF W W W W W W W W W W A A F F W W W QF QF A SF SF 13 / 21
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 3 / 3 2 / 3 2 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 1 / 2 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 2 21 / 34

NH = tournament not held.
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
A = did not participate in the tournament.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Mixed doubles

Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 Career SR
Australia A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
France A A NH R R R R A ? ? A ? ? ? A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / ?
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH SF SF SF 4R 4R SF A A F A A A ? A A A W 1 / ?
United States 2R A ? ? SF W W W W SF F F W A A A F ? W SF W W W A A 9 / ?
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / ? 0 / ? 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / ? 0 / ? 0 / ? 0 / ? 1 / ? 0 / ? 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / ? 1 / 1 0 / 1 1 / ? 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 0 1 /1 10 / ?

NH = tournament not held.
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
A = did not participate in the tournament.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702–3. ISBN 0-942257-41-3. 
  2. ^ United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc.. pp. 260–1. 
  3. ^ Billie Jean King with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 70. ISBN 0-07-034625-9. 
  4. ^ Billie Jean King with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 75. ISBN 0-07-034625-9. 
  5. ^ http://www.usopen.org/en_US/about/court/archive.html

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